Results of monitoring of the population of Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei in Latvia in 2009-2010

Open access

Results of monitoring of the population of Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei in Latvia in 2009-2010

In 2009-2010, random samples of the causal agent of barley powdery mildew were collected in Daugavpils (south-eastern Latvia, Latgale region), Stende (north-western Latvia, Kurzeme region) and Priekuļi (north-eastern Latvia, Vidzeme region). Virulence frequency, complexity and pathotypes were calculated in the pathogen populations. Significant differences of virulence detected by the genes Va1, Va3 and Va13 occurred among samples of the pathogen population collected in different parts of Latvia. Nei index, Müller's index, Kosman index, Shannon index and Simpson index showed considerably higher diversity in Daugavpils and Stende during 2009-2010. In Daugavpils, the population of Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei was particularly characterised by high diversity.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Anonymous (2009a). Ministry of Agriculture Republic of Latvia. Agriculture and Rural Area of Latvia. Available at http://www.zm.gov.lv/doc_upl/EN_Zinojums.pdf

  • Anonymous (2009b). FAO statistical databases (FAOSTAT). Available at http://faostat.fao.org/

  • Brown J.K.M. (2003). Little else but parasites. Science229 1680-1681.

  • Brown J.K.M. Jørgensen J.H. (1991). A catalogue of mildew resistance genes in European barley varieties. In: Proceedings of the Second European Workshop on Integrated Control of Cereal Mildew. 23-25 January 1990 Roskilde (pp. 263-286). Roskilde: Risø National Laboratory.

  • Caffier V. Brändle U.E. Wolfe M.S. (1999). Genotypic diversity in barley powdery mildew populations in northern France. Plant Pathol.48 582-587.

  • Czembor J.H. (2000). Resistance to powdery mildew in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) landraces from Egypt. Plant Gen. Res. Newslett. No. 123 pp. 52-60.

  • Czembor J.H. (2001). Sources of resistance to powdery mildew (Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei) in Moroccan barley landraces. Can. J. Plant Pathol.23 260-269.

  • Dreiseitl A. (1998). Comparison of methods to study powdery mildew and monitor the population of Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei in 1997. Plant Protect. Sci.34 33-38.

  • Dreiseitl A. (2000). Direct selection in the Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei population in Czech Republic. Phytopathology35 317-322.

  • Dreiseitl A. (2004a). Adaptation of biotrophic barley pathogens to genetic resistance in Central Europe. In: Barley Genetics IX Proceedings of the 9th International Barley Genetics Symposium. Vol. 1. Invited Papers. 20-26 June 2004 Brno Czech Republic (pp. 243-248). Spunar J. Janikova J. (eds.). Brno.

  • Dreiseitl A. (2004b). Virulence frequencies to powdery mildew resistance genes of winter barley cultivars. Plant Protect. Sci.40 135-140.

  • Dreiseitl A. Wang J. (2007). Virulence and diversity of Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei in East China. Eur. J. Plant Pathol.117 357-368.

  • Dreiseitl A. (2008). Virulence Frequency to powdery mildew resistances in winter barley cultivars. Czech. J. Genet. Plant Breed44(4) 160-166.

  • Dreiseitl A. Dinoor A. Kosman E. (2006). Virulence and Diversity of Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei in Israel and in the Czech Republic. Plant Dis.901031-1038.

  • Hovmøller M. Caffier V. Jalli M. Andersen O. Besenhofer G. Czembor J. Dreiseitl A. Felsenstein F. Fleck A. Heinrics F. Jonsson R. Limpert E. Mercerr P. Plesnik S. Rashal I. Skinnes S. Vronska O. (2000). The European barley powdery mildew virulence survey and disease nursery 1993-1999. Agronomy20 729-743.

  • Jarosch B Jansen M Schaffrath U. (2003). Acquired resistance functions in mlo barley which is hypersusceptible to Magnaporthe grisea.Mol. Plant Microbe Interact.16(2) 107-114.

  • Jørgensen J.H. (1992). Discovery characterization and exploitation of Mlo powdery mildew resistance in barley. Euphytica63 141-152.

  • Kokina I. Rashal I. (2004). Genetical structure of the population of Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei in Latgale region of Latvia in 2001-2002. Acta Biol. Univ. Daugavpiliensis4(2) 65-70.

  • Kokina I. Rashal I. (2005a). Pathotypes of barley powdery mildew fungus (Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei) in the Latgale region of Latvia in 1996-2000. Proc. Latv. Acad. Sci. Section B 59(3/4) 151-155.

  • Kokina I. Rashal I. (2005b). Trends of changes of genetic structure of the population of Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei in the Latgale region of Latvia in 2003-2004. Acta Biologica Universitatis Daugavpiliensis5(2) 187-192.

  • Kokina I. Rashal I. (2006). Monitoring the population of Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei in the South-Eastern part of Latvia. Agron. Res.4 231-236.

  • Kokina I. Rashal I. (2008). Results of the monitoring of the population of Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei in the Latgale region of Latvia in 2007. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture95(3) 320-326.

  • Kokina I. Statkeviciute G. Leistrumaite G. Rashal I. (2012). Genetic structure pecularities of the Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei population in Lithuania in 2010. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture (in press).

  • Kosman E. (1996). Difference and diversity of plant pathogen populations. A new approach for measuring. Phytopathology86 1152-1155.

  • Kosman E. (2002). Koind-package of programs for calculating diversities within populations distances between populations and measure of gene linkage. Petria12 249-252.

  • Kosman E. Leonard K. (2007). Conceptual analysis of methods applied to assessment of diversity within and distance between populations with asexual or mixed mode of reproduction. New Phytopatologist174 683-696.

  • Kølster P. L. Munk O. Stųlen Lohde J. (1986). Near isogenic barley lines with genes for resistance to powdery mildew. Crop Sci.26 903-907.

  • Laine A.L. (2006). Evolution of host resistance: Looking for coevolutionary hotspots at small spatial scales. Proc. R. Soc.273 267-273.

  • Limpert E. (1996). Conclusions and hypothesis from investigating cereal mildew pathogens at grand scale. In: Integrated Control of Cereal Mildews and Rusts: Towards coordination of research across Europe. COST 817 - Population Studies of Airborne Pathogens on Cereals as a Means of Improving Strategies for Disease Control (pp. 33-37). Finckh M. Wolfe M (eds.). Office for Official Publications of the European Communities Luxembourg.

  • Limpert E. (2008). Effects of wind dispersal on pathogen populations spread across Europe and Eurasia. AirPath - Meeting University College London 6th-7th November 2008.

  • Limpert E. Bartoš P. (2002). Wind-Dispersed Nomadic Diseases: Conclusions for Disease Resistance. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed.38(3-4) 150-152.

  • McDermott J.M. Brändle U. Dutly F. Haemmerli U.A. Keller S. Müller K.E. Wolfe M.S. (1994). Genetic variation in powdery mildew of barley: Development of RAPD SCAR and VNTR Markers. Phytopathology84(11) 1316-1321.

  • Müller K. McDermott J.M. Wolfe M.S. Limpert E. (1996). Analysis of diversity in populations of plant pathogens: The barley powdery mildew pathogen across Europe. Eur. J. Plant Pathol.102 385-395.

  • Piffanelli P. Ramsay L. Waugh R. Benabdelmouna A. D'Hont A. Hollrocher K. Jørgensen J.H. Schulze-Lefert P. Panstruga R. (2004).A barley cultivation-associated polymorphism conveys resistance to powdery mildew. Nature430 887-891.

  • Rashal I. Tueryapina R. (1996). Barley powdery mildew in Latvia: Genetic structure of the pathogen population. In: Integrated Control of Cereal Mildews and Rusts: Towards Coordination of Research Across Europe. Limpert E. Finckh M.R. Wolfe M.S. (eds.). European Commission - Directorate General XII - Science Research Development. Brussels Luxembourg (pp.15-19).

  • Tueryapina R. Jensen H.P. Rashal I. (2007). Powdery mildew resistance genes in Baltic spring barley varieties and breeding lines. Barley Gen. Newslett.27 18-21.

  • Richter T.E. Ronald P.C. (2000). The evolution of disease resistance genes. Plant Mol. Biol.42 195-204.

  • Sacristán. S. Garcia-Arenal. F. (2008). The evolution of virulence and pathogenicity in plant pathogen populations. Mol. Plant Pathol.9(3) 369-384.

  • Schüller C. Backes G. Fischbeck G. Jahoor A. (1992). RFLP markers to identify the alleles on the Mla locus conferring powdery mildew resistance in barley. Theor. Appl. Gen.84 330-338.

  • Thrall P. Burdon J.J. (2003). Evolution of virulence in a plant host-pathogen metapopulation. Science299 1735-1737.

  • Torp J. Jensen H.P. Jørgensen J.H. (1978). Powdery mildew resistance genes in 106 Northwest European spring barley varieties. Kgl. Vet.-og. Landbohejsk. Årsskr. 75-102.

  • Zhu J.H. Wang J.M. Jia Q.J. Yang J.M. Zhou Y.J. Lin F. Hua W. Shang Y. (2010). Pathotypes and genetic diversity of Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei in the winter marley regions in China. Agric. Sci. China9(12) 1787-1798.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.3

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.137
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.192

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 206 127 3
PDF Downloads 72 49 1