The European Union develops a new energy policy as an answer to the challenges of climate change which is a global issue affecting all of us. The package “Clean Energy for All Europeans” adopted by the European Commission in 2016, contains instruments for a new energy policy at the level of the European Union, based on an Energy Union, on promoting energy efficiency and the use of Clean Energy. These are the first steps in creating an institutional and legal framework for a common energy market of the European Union. This way the Internal Market of the European Union would be completed by a common energy market and the result would be a consolidated European Union. This is the research hypothesis the present paper is dealing with. It analyzes as well the impact of the new energy policies on the business environment in terms of new innovative business models at European Union level. The research is based on an interdisciplinary approach considering aspects of European policy, European law, business and economics. Qualitative research methods, such as the analysis of European regulations and provisions representing the basis for a harmonized framework in the energy sector at European Union level and case studies from European Union Member States will be applied. Relevant indicators provided by the European Commission and by Eurostat statistics analyzed in the present paper will complete this assessment.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Briche Brigitte (1997). Die Elektrizitätswirtschaft in der Europäischen Union: Institutionelle und materielle Aspekte Schriften des Europa-Instituts des Saarlandes – Rechtswissenschaft Band 15 1. Auflage Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft.
Causone F. Sangalli A. Pagliano L. Carlucci S. (2017). An exergy analysis for Milano smart city Energy Procedia 111 867 – 876.
EC (2018) Energy and smart cities retrieved from URL https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/topics/technology-and-innovation/energy-and-smart-cities [accessed 10 December 2018].
EC (2017a) retrieved from URL https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/news/new-electricity-market-consumers [accessed on 09.02.2017].
European Commission (2017b) - Press release Clean Energy for All Europeans – unlocking Europe's growth potential retrieved from URL http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-16-4009_en.htm [accessed on 24.12.2017].
European Commission (2017c) (official website) retrieved from URL https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/topics/energy-strategy-and-energy-union/clean-energy-all-europeans [accessed on 29.12.2017].
European Commission (2017d)(official website) retrieved from URL http://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/news/commission-proposes-new-rules-consumer-centred-clean-energy-transition [accessed on 29.12.2017].
European Commission(2017 e) (official website) retrieved from URL http://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/1_en_autre_document_travail_service_part1_v2.pdf [accessed on 29.12.2017].
European Commission (2018) Second Report on the State of the Energy Union - COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT - Monitoring progress towards the Energy Union objectives – key indicators (https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/swd-energy-union-key-indicators_en.pdf).
Eur-Lex Directive (EU) 2018/2002 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 11 December 2018 amending Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency retrieved from URL https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32018L2002&from=EN [accessed on 22.01.2019].
Eur-Lex Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources retrieved from URL https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.L_.2018.328.01.0082.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2018:328:TOChttp://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/2018/2001/oj [accessed on 22.01.2019].
Eur-Lex Annex 1 of the Annexes to the Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:52016PC0767&from=EN).
Papastamatiou I. Marinakis V. Doukas H. Psarras J. (2017). A decision support framework for smart cities energy assessment and optimization Energy Procedia 111 800 – 809.
Pelau Corina Pop Nicolae Al. (2018). Implications for the energy policy derived from the relation between the cultural dimensions of Hofstede’s model and the consumption of renewable energies. Energy Policy volume 118 pp. 160-168.
Stadt Wien (2019) retrieved from URL https://smartcity.wien.gv.at/site/buergerinnen/ [accessed on 18.01 2019].
Tanţău Adrian Dumitru Nichifor Maria Alexandra. Consumer Behavior and Perception on the Renewable Energy Instalments. Case Study: Wind Energy in Romania and the Netherlands (2016). 6th International Symposium on Environmental Management and Material Flow Management retrieved from URL www.emfm.tf.bor.ac.rs [accessed on 10 January 2019]
Tantau Adrian Dumitru Maassen Maria Alexandra Fratila Laurentiu (2018). Models for Analyzing the Dependencies between Indicators for a Circular Economy in the European Union. Sustainability 2018 10 2141 doi:10.3390/su10072141.
Weber A. & Page G. T. (2012). Clean Energy: Benefits and Lessons for States. New York: Nova Science Publishers Inc.