Workplace Deviant Behaviour Among Public Sector Employees: The Roles of Perceived Religiosity and Job Status

Open access

Abstract

Workplace deviant behavior has been linked to a number of organizational losses such as decreased employee morale, increased turnover and loss of legitimacy among important external stakeholders. Therefore, this paper investigated the relationships between religiosity, job status and workplace deviant behavior. Participants consisted of 351 (F=178; Mean age=39.2) employees of the Local Government Service Commission in Nigeria. Data which were sourced through the Workplace Deviant Behavior Scale and Centrality of Religiosity Scale were analyzed using multiple regression. Results revealed that religiosity negatively related to workplace deviant behavior, but no significant difference was found between junior and senior staff in their display of workplace deviant behavior. In addition, both religiosity and job status jointly influenced respondents’ workplace deviant behavior. The findings imply that high religiosity among employees might reduce the risks of deviance and in turn create a better work environment.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Abass I. M. (2012). Motivation and local government employees in Nigeria. European Scientific Journal 8 (18) 129-141.

  • Akikibofori J. S. (2013). “Work place deviant behaviour: A case study of Intels Nigeria Limited.” Research on Humanities and Social Sciences 3(22): 49-56

  • Alias M. & Mohd Rasdi R. (2007). Towards developing a theoretical model on the determinants of workplace deviant behaviour among support personnel in the Malaysian Public Service. Refereed Paper

  • Amazue L. O. Onyishi I. E. & Amazue L. E. (2014). Surface acting and distress tolerance as predictors of workplace deviance among Nigerian commercial bank workers. African Journal of Business Management 8 (15) 582 – 587. doi:10.5897/AJBM2014.7431

  • Bennett R. J. & Robinson S. L. (2000). Development of a measure of workplace deviance. Journal of Applied Psychology 85 (3) 349-360.

  • Burgard S. & Stewart J. (2003). Social environment notebook. MacArthur Research Network on SES & Health. Retrieved 13th May 2018 from http://www.macses.ucsf.edu/research/socialenviron/occupation.php#

  • Chernyak-Hai L. & Tziner A. (2014). Relationship between counterproductive work behaviour perceived justice and climate occupational status and leader-member exchange. Journal of Work and Organisational Psychology 30 (1) 1-12. doi:10.5093/tr2014a1

  • Cheung C. & Yeung J. W. (2011). Meta-analysis of relationships between religiosity and constructive and destructive behaviours among adolescents. Children and Youth Services Review 33 376-385. Elsevier Ltd. doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.10.004

  • Drabek M. & Merecz D. (2013). Job stress occupational position and gender as factors differentiating workplace bullying experience. Medycyna Pracy 64 (3) 283-296. Instytut Medycyny Pracy

  • Fagbohungbe B. O. Akinbode G. A. & Ayodeji F. (2012). Organisational determinants of workplace deviant behaviours: an empirical analysis in Nigeria. International Journal of Business and Management 7 (5) 207-211 Canadian Centre of Science and Education doi:10.5539/ijbm.v7n5p207

  • Farhadi H. Nasir R. Omar F. and Nouri A. (2015). Understanding employees‟ deviant behaviour: the role of agreeableness and stress related to work. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 2 102-107. Malaysia Universiti Kebangaan

  • Fox S. & Spector P. E. (1999). A Model of Work Frustration Aggression. Journal of Organizational Behaviour 20 915-931.

  • Geser H. (2009). Work values and Christian religiosity: an ambiguous multidimensional relationship. Journal of Religion & Society 1 1-36. The Kriple Centre

  • Huber S. & Huber O. W. (2012). The centrality of religiosity scale (CRS). Religions 3 710-724. doi:10.3390/rel3030710

  • Huber S. (2007). Are religious beliefs relevant in daily life? In. H. Streib (ed.) Religion and Outside Traditional Institutions 211-230. Leiden Brill Academic Publishers

  • Jagodzinski W. (2009). The impact of religion on values and behaviour. European Values Study Group and World Values Survey Association. 19-34

  • Kitause R. H. & Achunike H. C. (2013). Religion in Nigeria 1900-2013. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences 3 (18) 45-56. Retrieved 18 May 2018 from http://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/RHSS/article/viewFile/8950/9194

  • O‟Neill T. A. & Hastings S. E. (2011). Explaining workplace deviance behaviour with more than just the „Big Five‟. Personality and Individual Differences 50 268-273. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2010.10.001

  • Olabimitan B. & Alausa W. M. (2014). Psychological factors predicting workplace deviance behaviour among nurses in public health sector in Lagos. Nigerian Journal of Applied Behavioural Sciences 2 (June) 137-152.

  • Osman-Gani A. Hashim J. & Ismail Y. (2010). Effects of religiosity spirituality and personal values on employee performance: A conceptual analysis. Paper presented at: 9th International Conference of the Academy of HRD (Asia Chapter) November 11 – November 14 2010 organized by Academy of HRD (Asia Chapter) Shanghai.

  • Otaotu O. (2016 September 09). Sexual harassment! The Vanguard Newspaper. Retrieved 28 April 2017 from www.vanguardngr.com/2016/09/sexual-harassment/

  • Parboteeah K. P. Paik Y. & Cullen J. B. (2009). Religious Groups and Work Values: A Focus on Buddhism Christianity Hinduism and Islam. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management 9 (1) 51-67. doi:10.1177/1470595808096674

  • Radzali F. M. Ahmad A. & Omar Z. (2011). Relationships between dispositional factors and workplace deviant behaviour: the moderating role of religiosity. Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences 7(11) 1-. Retrieved 19th September 2018 from http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/92666408/relationships-between-dispositional-factors-workplace-deviant-behaviour-moderating-role-religiosity

  • Ramlee N. Osman A. Salahudin S. N. Yeng S. K. Ling S. C. & Safizal M. (2016). The influence of religiosity stress and job attitude towards organisational behaviour: Evidence from public universities in Malaysia. Procedia Economics and Finance 35 563-573. Elsevier B.V.

  • Robinson S. & Bennett R. (1995). A typology of deviant workplace behaviours: A multi-dimensional scaling study. Academy of Management Journal 38 555-572. Cited in. Bennett R. J. & Robinson S. L. (2000). Development of a measure of workplace deviance. Journal of Applied Psychology 85 (3) 349-360.

  • Schwartz S. H. & Huismans S. (1995). Value priorities and religiosity in four western religions. Soc. Psychol. Quart. 58 88–107. Cited in. Krok D. (2015). Value systems and religiosity as predictors of non-religious and religious coping with stress in early adulthood. Archives of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy 3 21-31. doi:10.12740/APP/59050

  • Scott K. (2015). Toxic employees confidently pump out the work while obeying the rules study finds. Retrieved 13 June 2016 from http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-12-16/toxic-workers-ooze-condidence-productivity-and-do-gooder-nature/7033458

  • Sharabi M. (2012). Current Judaism religiosity and the meaning of work in Israel. Journal of Religion & Society 14 1-11. The Kriple Centre

  • Shukor A. A. & Jamal A. (2013). Developing Scales for Measuring Religiosity in the Context of Consumer Research. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research (Research in Contemporary Islamic Finance and Wealth Management) 13 69-74. IDOSI Publications. doi:10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2013.13.1884.

  • Ugwu L. I. (2009). Personal and organisational variables as predictors of unethical behaviour in the workplace. Ife Psychologia: An International Journal of Psychology in Africa 17 (2) 250-262. Ife Centre for Psychological Studies Nigeria

  • Uwannah N. C. (2015). Absenteeism favouritism and tardiness as predictors of job deviance in academia: the Nigeria experience. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 1 (2) 75-81

  • Weaver G. R. & Agle B. R. (2002). Religiosity and ethical behaviour in organisations: a symbolic interactionist perspective. Academy of Management Review 27 (1) 77-97

  • Yamane T. (1967). Statistics: an introductory analysis. 2nd ed. New York: harper and Row.

  • Zarzycka B. & Rydz E. (2014). Centrality of religiosity and sense of coherence: a cross-sectional study with Polish young middle and late adults. International Journal of Social Science Studies 2 (2) 126-136.

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 246 246 22
PDF Downloads 160 160 18