Azo Dyes, Their Environmental Effects, and Defining a Strategy for Their Biodegradation and Detoxification

Open access

Azo Boje, Njihov Utjecaj Na Okoliš I Potencijal Biotehnološke Strategije Za Njihovu Biorazgradnju I Detoksifikaciju

Intenzivan industrijski razvoj popraćen je sve većom kompleksnošću sastava otpadnih voda, što u smislu učinkovite zaštite okoliša i održivog razvoja nalaže potrebu pospješivanja kvalitete postojećih te uvođenjem novih postupaka obrade otpadnih voda, kao iznimno važnog čimbenika u interakciji čovjeka i okoliša. Posebnu znanstveno-tehnološku pozornost zahtijevaju novosintetizirani ksenobiotici, poput azo-boja, koji su u prirodi veoma teško razgradivi. Azo-boje podložne su bioakumulaciji, a zbog alergijskih, kancerogenih, mutagenih i teratogenih svojstava nerijetko su prijetnja zdravlju ljudi i očuvanju okoliša. Primjenu fizikalnokemijskih metoda za uklanjanje azo-boja iz otpadnih voda često ograničavaju visoke cijene, potrebe za odlaganjem nastalog štetnog mulja ili nastanak toksičnih sastojaka razgradnje. Biotehnološki postupci su, zbog mogućnosti ekonomične provedbe i postizanja potpune biorazgradnje, a time i detoksifikacije, sve zastupljeniji u obradi svih vrsta otpadnih voda, pa tako i onih koje sadržavaju azo-boje.

Siva R. Status of natural dyes and dye-yielding plants in India. Curr Sci 2007;92:916-25.

Wesenberg D, Kyriakides I, Agathos SN. White roth fungi and their enzymes for the treatment of industrial dye effluents. Biotechnol Adv 2003;22:161-87.

Holme I. Sir William Henry Perkin: a review of his life, work and legacy. Color Technol 2006;122:235-51.

Anjaneyulu Y, Chary NS, Suman Raj DS. Decolourization of idustrial efflents - available methods and emerging technologies. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 2005;4:245-73.

Adedayo O, Javadpour S, Taylor C, Anderson WA, Moo-Young M. Decolourization and detoxification of methyl red by aerobic bacteria from a wastewater treatment plant. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 2004;20:545-50.

Stolz A. Basic and applied aspects in the microbial degradation of azo dyes. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2001;56:69-80.

Forgacs E, Cserháti T, Oros G. Removal of synthetic dyes from wastewaters: a review. Environ Int 2004;30:953-71.

Khalid A, Arshad M, Crowley DE. Accelerated decolorization of structurally different azo dyes by newly isolated bacterial strains. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2008;78:361-9.

Pandey A, Singh P, Iyengar L. Bacterial decolorization and degradation of azo dyes. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 2007;59:73-84.

Hunger K. Industrial Dyes-Chemistry, Properties, Applications. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2003.

Venkataraman K. The Chemistry of Synthetic Dyes. London: Academic Press; 1970.

Griffiths J. Colour and Constitution of Organic Molecules. London: Academic Press; 1976.

Zollinger H. Colour Chemistry: Syntheses, Properties and Applications of Organic Dyes and Pigments. New York: Wiley-VCH; 1991.

Cristóvão RO, Tavares AP, Ribeiro AS, Loureiro JM, Boaventura RA, Macedo EA. Kinetic modelling and simulation of laccase catalyzed degradation of reactive textile dyes. Bioresour Technol 2008;99:4768-74.

Bamforth SM, Singleton I. Bioremidiation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: current knowledge and future directions. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 2005;80:734-6.

Yu Z, Wen X. Screening and identificaton of yeast for decolorizing synthetic dyes in industrial wastewater. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 2005;56:109-14.

Eichlerová I, Homolka L, Benada O, Kofronová O, Hubálek T, Nerud F. Decolorization of Orange G and Remazol Brilliant Blue R by the white rot fungus Dichomitus squalens: Toxicological evaluation and morphological study. Chemosphere 2007;69:795-802.

Robinson T, McMullan G, Marchant R, Nigam P. Remediation of dyes in textile effluent - a critical review on current treatment technologies witha a proposed alternative. Bioresour Technol 2001;77:247-55.

Slokar YM, Le Marechal M. Methods of decoloration of textile wastewaters. Dyes Pigm 1998;37:335-56.

Edwards LC, Freman HS. Synthetic dyes based on environmental considerations. Part 3: Aquatic toxycity of iron-complexed dyes. Color Technol 2005;121:265-70.

Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) of 18 December 2006.

Pearce CI, Lloyd JR, Guthrie JT. The removal of colour from textile wastewater using whole bacterial cells: a review. Dyes Pigm 2003;58:179-96.

Vandervivere PC, Bianchi R, Verstraete W. Treatment and reuse of wastewater from the textile wet-processing industry: review of emerging technologies. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 1998;72:289-302.

Urra J, Sepúlveda L, Contreras E, Palma C. Screening of static culture and comparison of batch and continuos culture for the textile dye biological decolorization by Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Braz J Chem Eng 2006;23:281-90.

Moosvi S, Keharia H, Madamwar D. Decolorization of textile dye Reactive Violet 5 by a newly isolated bacterial consortium RVM 11.1. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 2005;21:667-72.

Asgher M, Bhatti HN. Decolorization potential of mixed micribial consortia for reactive and disperse textile dyestuffs. Biodegradation 2007;18:311-6.

Ambrósio ST, Campos-Takaki GM. Decolorization of reactive azo dyes by Cunninghamella elegans UCP 542 under co-metabolic conditions. Bioresour Technol 2004;91:69-75.

He F, Hu W, Li Y. Biodegradation mechanisms and kinetics of azo dye 4BS by a microbial consortium. Chemosphere 2004;57:293-301.

Georgiou D, Melidis P, Aivasidis A. Use of a microbial sensor-inhibition effect of azo-reactive dyes on activated sludge. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 2002;25:79-83.

Clarck BJ, Morris M. Wastewater Engineered, Treatment, Disposal and Reuse. 3rd ed. New York: Metcalf and Eddy Inc; 1991.

Koprivanac N, Vujević D. Degradation of an azo dye by Fenton type processes assisted with UV irradiation. Int J Chem Reactor Eng 2007;5:A56.

Oakes J, Gratton P. Kinetic investigations of azo dye oxidation in aqueous media. J Chem Soc Perkin Trans 2 1998;9:1857-64.

Sandhya S, Padmavathy S, Swaminathan K, Subrahmanyam YV, Kaul SN. Microaerophilic-aerobic sequential batch reactor for treatment of azo dyes containing simulated wastewater. Process Biochem 2005;40:885-90.

Carey JH. An introduction to advanced oxidation processes (AOP) for destruction of organics in wastewater. Water Poll Res J Can 1992;27:1-21.

Zheng H, Pan Y, Xiang X. Oxidation of acidic dye Eosin Y by the solar photo-Fenton processes. J Hazard Mater 2007;141:457-64.

Rauf MA, Ashraf SS. Radiation induced degradation of dyes-an overview. J Hazard Mater 2009;166:6-16.

Supaka N, Juntongjin K, Damronglerd S, Delia ML, Strehaiano P. Microbial decolorization of reactive azo dyes in a sequential anaerobic-aerobic system. Chem Eng J 2004;99:169-76.

Hong YG, Guo J, Xu Z, Mo C, Xu M, Sun G. Reduction and partial degradation mechanism of naphthylaminesulfonic azo dye amaranth by Shewanella decolordtionis S12. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2007;75:647-54.

Kapdan IK, Kargi F, McMullan G, Marchant R. Effect of environmental conditions on biological decolorization of textile dye by C. versicolor. Enzyme Microb Technol 2000;26:381-7.

Novotný C, Rawal B, Bhatt M, Patel M, Šašek V, Molitoris HP. Capacity of Irpex lacteus and Pleurotus ostreaus for decolorization of chemically different dyes. J Biotechnol 2001;89:113-22.

Dafale N, Rao NN, Meshram SU, Wate SR. Decolorization of azo dyes and simulated dye bath wastewater using acclimatized microbial consortium - biostimulation and halo tolerance. Bioresour Technol 2008;99:2552-8.

Sumathi S, Manju BS. Uptake of reactive textile dyes by Aspergillus foetidus. Enzyme Microb Technol 2000;27:347-55.

Barragán BE, Costa C, Márquez MC. Biodegradation of azo dyes by bacteria inoculated on solid media. Dyes Pigm 2007;75:73-81.

Tan NCG, Borger A, Slenders P, Svitelskaya A, Lettinga GH, Field JA. Degradation of azo dye Mordant Yellow 10 in a sequential anaerobic and bioaugmented aerobic bioreactor. Water Sci Technol 2000;42:337-44.

Yu J, Wang X, Yue PL. Optimal decolorization and kinetic modeling of synthetic dyes by Pseudomonas strains. Water Res 2001;35:3579-86.

Cerliell CM, Barclay SJ, Naidoo N, Buckley CA, Mulholland DA, Seniore E. Microbial decolourisation of a reactive azo dye under anaerobic conditions. Water SA 1995;21:61-9.

O'Neil C, Lopez A, Esteves S, Hawkes FR. Azo-dye degradation in an anaerobic-aerobic treatment system operating on simulated textile effluent. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2000;53:249-54.

Nyanhongo GS, Gomes J, Güubitz GM, Zvauya R, Read J, Steiner W. Decolorization of textile dyes by laccases from a newly isolated strain of Trametes modesta. Water Res 2002;36:1449-56.

Kirby N, Marchant R, McMullan G. Decolourisation of synthetic textile dyes by Phlebia tremellosa. FEMS Microbiol Lett 2000;188:93-6.

Banat IM, Nigam P, Singh D, Marchant R. Microbial decolorization of textile-dye containing effluents: a review. Bioresour Technol 1996;58:217-27.

Cloete TE, Muyima NYO. Microbial Community Analysis: The Key to the Design of Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems. Scientific and Technical Teport no. 5. London; IWA Publishing; 1997.

Jenkins D, Richard MG, Daigger GT. Manual on the Causes and Control of Activated Sludge Bulking and Foaming. Michigan: Lewis Publishers Inc; 1993.

Glancer Šoljan M, Ban S, Landeka Dragičević T, Šoljan V, Matić V. Granulated mixed microbial culture suggesting successful employment of bioaugmentation in the treatment of process wastewaters. Chem Biochem Eng Q 2001;15: 87-94.

Elizalde-González MP, Fuentes-Ramirez LE, Guevara-Villa MRG. Degradation of immobilized azo dyes by Klebsiella sp. UAP-b5 isolated from maize bioadsorbent. J Hazard Mater 2009;161:769-74.

Aivasidis A, Hochscherf H, Rottman G, Hagen T, Mertens MT, Reiners G, Wandrey C. Neuere konzepte zur Prozessüberwashung und -regellung bei der biologischen Stickstoffelimination [New concepts for process monitoring and control in biological nitrogen elimination, in German]. Abwassertech 1992;42:48-55.

Silva IS, Grossman M, Durrant LR. Degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (2-7 rings) under microaerobic and very-low-oxygen conditions by soil fungi. Int Biodeter Biodegr 2009;63:224-9.

Mohanty S, Dafale N, Rao NN. Microbial decolorization of reactive black-5 in a two-stage anaerobic-aerobic reactor using aclimatized activated textile sludge. Biodegradation 2006;17:403-13.

Thompson IP, Gast CJ, Ciric L, Singer AC. Bioaugmentation for bioremidiation - the challenge of strain selection. Environ Microbiol 2005;7:909-15.

Khehra MS, Saini HS, Sharma DK, Chadha BS, Chimni SS. Decolorization of various azo dyes by bacterial consortium. Dyes Pigm 2005;67:55-61.

Van Limbergen H, Top EM, Verstraete W. Bioaugmentation in activated sludge: current features and future perspectives. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 1998;50:16-23.

Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology

The Journal of Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.117
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.335



CiteScore 2017: 1.24

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.341
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.494

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 442 442 51
PDF Downloads 219 219 23