Distribution and Diversity of Gelatinous Zooplankton in the South Eastern Arabian Sea, Kanyakumari to off Kollam

Open access


An attempt was made out to study the distribution and diversity of gelatinous zooplankton in the South Eastern Arabian Sea in the region Kanyakumari to off Kollam. A total of 19 species belonging to 8 groups such as chaetognaths, siphonophores, Hydrozoa and Scyphozoa of the phylum Cnidaria, ctenophores, appendicularians, doliolids and salps were recorded. Chaetognaths were not only predominant group, but also the most numerous. Sagitta enfl ata was the most widely distributed chaetognath species from most of the stations studied. Th e siphonophores were the second most abundant group. Shannon-Weaver species diversity index (H′), Margalef’s species diversity index (D) and Pielou’s species evenness (J′) of gelatinous zooplankton were found to be higher from the off shore, Kollam (Station 10) and minimum from the inshore, the Kanyakumari (Cape) West (Station 1). Diversity of gelatinous zooplankton was found to be positively correlated with atmospheric temperature, sea surface temperature and pH. A continuous seasonal study should be conducted to understand the clear impact of physical and chemical factors on the distribution and diversity of gelatinous zooplankton along this region.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Asha B. S. Satheesh Kumar C. S. Ouseph P. P. 2002. Plankton characteristics in the marine environment of Cochin. Proc. Fourteenth Kerala Science Congress Kochi. Science technology and environment committee (STEC) Govt. of Kerala. 435-438.

  • Balamurugan K. Sampathkumar P. Ezhilarasan P. Kannathasan A. 2011. Vertical distribution of chaetognaths along the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal India. European Journal of Experimental Biology 1 (3) 49-57.

  • Brodeur R. Sugisaki H. Hunt G. 2002. Increases in jellyfi sh biomass in the Bering Sea: implications for the ecosystem. Marine Ecology Progress Series 233 89-103. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Chandrasekaran V. S. 2000. Relationship between plankton and fi nfi sh and shellfi sh juveniles in Pichavaram mangrove waterways Southeast coast of India. Seaweed Res Utiln 22 199-207.

  • Conway D. V. P. White R. G. Hugues-Dit-Ciles J. Gallienne C. P. Robins D. B. 2003. Guide to the coastal and surface zooplankton of the South-Western Indian Ocean. Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Plymouth UK Plymouth Marine Laboratory 15 1-354.

  • Deibel D. Paff enhofer G. A. 2009. Predictability of patches of neritic salps and doliolids (Tunicata Th aliacea). Journal of Plankton Research 31 (12) 1571-1579.

  • Hen C. Y. Durbin E. G. 1994. Effect of pH on the growth and carbon uptake of marine phytoplankton. Marine Ecology Progress Series 190 83-94.

  • Hopcroft R. R. Roff J. C. Bouman H. A. 1998. Zooplankton growth rates: Th e larvaceans Appendicularia Fritillaria and Oikopleura in tropical waters.Journal of Plankton Research 20 539-555.

  • Iguchi N. Kidokoro H. 2006. Horizontal distribution of The tys vagina Tilesius (Tunicata Th aliacea) in the Japan Sea during spring 2004. Journal of Plankton Research 28 (6) 537-541.

  • Iyyapparajanarasimapallavan G. Kumar P. S. Kumar C. P. Jalal K. C. A. Kamaruzzaman B. Y. John B. A. 2013. Distribution and abundance of gelatinous zooplankton along Tamil Nadu coastal waters. Journal of Biological Sciences 13 (1) 18.

  • Jaswal A. K. Singh V. Bhambak S. R. 2012. Relationship between sea surface temperature and surface air temperature over Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean. Journal of Indian Geophysical Union 16 (2) 41-53.

  • Joseph S. Freeland J. H. 2005. Salinity variability in the Arabian Sea. Geophysical Research Letters. 32 L09607. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • Klemm D. J. Lewis P. A. Fulk F. Lazorchak J. M. 1990. Macroinvertebrate fi eld and laboratory methods for evaluating the biological integrity of surface waters. U.S Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory Cincinnati Ohio 1-99.

  • Laval P. 1997. A virtual mesocosm with artificial salps for exploring the conditions of swarm development in the pelagic tunicate Salpa fusiformis. Marine Ecology Progress Series 1-16.

  • Liang T. H. Vega-Perez L. A. 1995. Studies on chaetognaths off Ubatuba region. II. Feeding habits. Boletim do Instituto Oceanografi co 43 (1) 35-48.

  • Liang T. H. Vega-Perez L. A. 2001. Diversity abundance and biomass of epiplanktonic chaetognath off South Atlantic western sector from Cabo Frio (23° S 42° W) to Sao Pedro and Sao Paulo Rocks (01°N 29°W). Oceanides 16 (1) 34-48.

  • Ludwig J. A. Reynolds J. F. 1988. Statistical Ecology: A Primer on Methods and Computing. John Wiley and Sons New York 1-337.

  • Madin L. P. Harbinson G. R. 2001. Gelatinous zooplankton. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Massachusetts 24 98-263.

  • Magurran A. E. 1988. Ecological diversity and its measurement. Princeton University Press. Princeton New Jersey 1-179.

  • Menard F. Dallot S. Th omas G. Braconnot G. C. 1994. Temporal fl uctuations of two Mediterranean salp populations from 1967 to 1990. Analysis of the influence of environmental variables using a Markov chain model. Marine Ecology Progress Series 104 139-152.

  • Mills C. E. 2001. Jellyfish blooms: Are populations increasing globally in response to changing ocean conditions. Hydrobiologia 451 55-68.

  • Nair V. R. Terazaki M. Jayalakshmy K. V. 2002. Abundance and community structure of chaetognaths in the northern Indian Ocean. Plankton Biology and Ecology 49 27-37.

  • Oresland V. 1987. Feeding of the chaetognaths Sagitta elegans and Sagitta setosa at diff erent seasons in Gullmarsfj orden Sweden. Marine Ecology Progress Series 39 (1) 69-79.

  • Padmanabha B. Belagali S. L. 2006. Comparative study on population dynamics of rotifers and water quality index in the lakes of Mysore. Nature Environment and Pollution Technology 5 107-109.

  • Palma S. Apablaza P. 2004. Seasonal abundance and vertical distribution of the carnivorous gelatinous zooplankton in an upwelling area of the northern Humboldt current system. Invest Mar Valparaiso 32 49-70.

  • Palma S. Rosales S. 1995. Composition distribution and seasonal abundance of macroplankton in Valparaiso Bay. Invest Mar Valparaiso 23 49-66.

  • Rai S. V. Rajashekhar M. 2014. Seasonal assessment of hydrographic variables and phytoplankton community in the Arabian Sea waters of Kerala southwest coast of India. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography 62 (4) 279-289.

  • Raskoff K. A. Sommer F. A. Hamner W. M. Cross K. M. 2003. Collection and culture techniques for gelatinous zooplankton. Th e Biological Bulletin 204 (1) 68-80.

  • Rengarajan K. 1975. Distribution of siphonophores along the west coast of India and the Laccadive Sea. Journal of Marine Biological Association of India 17 (1) 56-72.

  • Robin R. S. Sajith Kumar A. Asha B. S. Satheesh Kumar C. S. 2003. Nutrient dynamics and plankton characteristics in the marine environment of Neendakara. Proc. Fift eenth Kerala Science Congress Th iruvananthapuram. STEC Govt. of Kerala 574-580.

  • Santhakumari V. Nair V. R. 1999. Distribution of hydromedusae from the exclusive economic zone of the west and east coast of India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 28 150-157.

  • Santhanam P. Perumal P. 2003. Diversity of zooplankton in Parangipettai coastal waters southeast coast of India. Journal of Marine Biological Association of India 45 144-151.

  • Satpathy K. K. Biswas S. 2014. Distribution of copper in the coastal waters of Kalpakkam and comment on” Distribution of heavy metals in the vicinity of a nuclear power plant east coast of India: with emphasis on copper concentration and primary productivity. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences (2010) 39 (Issue 2) by

  • Rajamohanet al. (2010). Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 43 (3) 323-328.

  • Saxena M. M. 1982. Limnological studies of freshwater reservoir: Sardarsamanad. Ph.D Thesis University of Jodhpur Jodhpur India.

  • Srichandan S. Sahu B. K. Panda R. Baliarsingh S. K. Sahu K. C. Panigrahy R. C. 2015. Zooplankton distribution in coastal water of the North-Western Bay of Bengal off Rushikulya estuary east coast of India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 44 (4) 546-561.

  • Stemmann L. Hosia A. Youngbluth M. J. Soiland H. Picheral M. Gorsky G. 2008. Vertical distribution (0-1000 m) of macrozooplankton estimated using the underwater video profiler in different hydrographic regimes along the northern portion of the mid-atlantic ridge. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 55 94-105.

  • Subramanian B. Mahadevan A. 1999. Seasonal and diurnal variations of hydro biological characters of coastal waters of Chennai (Madras) Bay of Bengal. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 28 429-433.

  • Todd C. D. Laverack M. S. 1991. Coastal Marine Zooplankton: A Practical Manual for Students. Cambridge University Press Cambridge 1-159.

  • Uye S. Ichino S. 1995. Seasonal variations in abundance size composition biomass and production rate of Oikopleura dioica (Fol) (Tunicata: Appendicularia) in a temperate eutrophic inlet. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 189 1-11.

  • Varadharajan D. Soundarapandian P. 2013. Zooplankton abundance and diversity from Pointcalimere to Manamelkudi South east coast of India. Journal of Earth Science and Climatic Change 4 151.

  • Venkataraman K. 2005. Coastal marine biodiversity of India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 34 57-75.

  • Weikert H. Godeaux J. E. 2008. Thaliacean distribution and abundance in the northern part of the Levantine Sea (Crete and Cyprus) during the eastern Mediterranean climatic transient and a comparison with the western Mediterranean basin. Helgoland Marine Research 62 (4) 377.

  • Yamazi I. 1971. Data Report and Distributional Maps of the CSK Standard Zooplankton Sample. Miscellaneous Reports of the National Science Museum 6 (1) 703.

  • Zakaria H. Y. 2004. Pelagic coelenterates in the waters of the western part of the Egyptian Mediterranean coast during summer and winter. Oceanologia 46 253-268.

Journal information
Impact Factor

Cite Score 2018: 0.41

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.324
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.422

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 546 546 15
PDF Downloads 317 317 27