Age and Growth Comparison of Diploid and Triploid Species of Crucian Carps (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae) in the Water Bodies of the DNIPRO Basin

S. V. Kokodiy 1
  • 1 Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, NAS of Ukraine, vul. B. Khmelnytskogo, 15, , Kyiv, Ukraine

Abstract

The genetic structure of crucian carps colonies in Ukrainian water bodies was defined by gene marking. The sexual structure and ploidy were investigated, the duration of spawners maturation, life-span, rate of growth and the linear growth of independent species and biotypes were defined. The comparative biological analysis showed that virtually all the researched crucian carps had low linear growth index and early maturation terms. Th e hybrid individuals of C. auratus-C. carassius during the first years of life were characterized by the high rate of growth which was most likely determined by the “hybrid power” which is kept by this biotype only within the starting phase of existence, after which the active growth is significantly reduced. Th e individual biological peculiarities of peculiar species and biotypes of crucian carps do not depend on their genetic nature but in most cases are defined by the external living conditions.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Abramenko, M. I., Kravchenko, O. V., Velikoivanenko, A. E. 1997. Genetic structure of populations in diploidand- triploid complex of Prussian carp Carassius auratus gibelio in the Don basin. Journal of Ichthyology, 37, 1, 62-71 [In Russian].

  • Astanin, L. P, Podgornyi, M. I. 1963. Reproduction capability of crucian carps Carassius carassius (L.) C. auratus gibelio (Bloch). Journal of Ichthyology, 8, 2(49) [In Russian].

  • Bogutskaya, N. G., Naseka, А. М., eds. 2004. Catalogue of jawless and fish in fresh & brackish waters of Russia with nomenclature and taxonomic comments. Academic publishing society KMK, Moscow, 1-389 [In Russian].

  • Cherfas, N. B. 1966. Analysis of meiosis of unisexual and bisexual crucian carp. Tr. VNIIPRKh, 14, 68-82 [In Russian].

  • Golovinskaya, K. A., Romashov, D. D., Cherfas, N. B. 1965. Unisexual and digeneous forms of the Prussian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio Bloch). Journal of Ichthyology, 5, 1, 614-629 [In Russian].

  • Goriunova, A. I. 1974. Cytomertic blood analysis’ application in studying the intraspecific differenciation of the Prussian carp Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch). Journal of Ichthyology, 14, 5 (88) [In Russian].

  • Holčik, J. 1978. On the expansion and origin of Carassius auratus in Czechoslovakia. Folia Zool., 27, 279-288

  • Holcik, J. 2003. Changes in the fish fauna and fisheries in the Slovak section of the Danube River: a review. Ann. Limnol., 39 (3), 177-195.

  • Kharitonova, N. N. 1963. About the forms of the Prussian carp Carassius auratus gibelio Bloch. Journal of Ichthyology, 3, is. 2 (27) [In Russian].

  • Kirpichnikov, V. S. 1987. Genetics and selection of fish. Nauka, Leningrad, 1-520 [In Russian].

  • Kokodiy, S. V. 2010. Natural hybridization of the Crucian carp Carassius сarassius (L. 1758) with the Prussian carp C. auratus (L. 1758) s. lato in the Dnepr basin. Ph.D thesis, Kyiv, 1-23 [In Ukrainian].

  • Kottelat, M. 1997. European freshwater fishes. An heuristic checklist of the freshwater fishes of Europe (exclusive of former USSR), with an introduction for non-systematics and comments on nomenclature and conservation. Biologia, Bratislava, 52, suppl., 1-271.

  • Lusk, S. 2003. Rehabilitating the floodplain of the lower River Dyje for fish. River Research and Application, 19 (3), 281-288.

  • Mezhzherin, S. V. 2008. Animal resources of Ukraine in relation to sustainable development strategy: analytic. Logos, Кyiv, 1-282 [In Russian].

  • Mezhzherin, S. V., Kokodiy, S. V . 2010. Genetis structure of settlements of Prussian carps Cаrassius (superspecies auratus) (Linnaeus, 1758) of the Middle Dnepr basin. Genetics, 46, 6, 817-824.

  • Movchan, Y. V., Smirnov, A. I. 1983. Fauna of Ukraine. Vol. 8, Is. 2, Part 2. Naukova Dumka, Kyiv [In Ukrainian].

  • Pravdin, I. F. 1966. Fish study guide. Food idustr., Moscow, 1-376 [In Russian].

  • Sysoyeva, T. N. 1958. Materials related to age structure and growth rate of the Prussian carp Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch). Writings of Amur ichthyologic expedition, 4, 149-157 [In Russian].

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search