Phenotypic Diversities of Four Populations of Clarias Gariepinus (Siluriformes, Clariidae) Obtained from Ogun and Ondo State Waterbodies in South-Western Nigeria

Open access


The study determined the variation in the morphological and meristic features among four populations of Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822 obtained from Owena Dam and River Oluwa in Ondo State and Rivers Omo and Ogbere in Ogun State, both in Nigeria. A total of ninety five (95) and one hundred and twenty (120) fish specimens collected from Ondo and Ogun states respectively were measured using standard procedures and the results were analysed using Analysis of variance and multivariate analyses. The results obtained from the ANOVA and Principal Component Analyses of Clarias gariepinus from the four populations revealed heterogeneity for most of their characters. Therefore, the morphological differences between the wild African catfish found in Ondo and Ogun state populations could be linked to genetic differences or environmental factors or a combination of both factors. Hence, this study concluded that the populations are different which could imply high genetic diversity if molecular marker techniques are employed in further studies.

Adewumi, A. A., Ola-Oladimeji, F. A. 2016. Performance characteristics and feed utilization of African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fed varying inclusion levels of fermented mulberry leaf. Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science, 4 (5), 87-93.

Agbebi, O. T., Olufeagba, S. O., Mbagwu, I. G., Ozoje, M. O., Aremu, A. 2009. Morphological characteristics and body indices of Heterobranchus bidorsalis from three geographical locations in Nigeria. Journal of Fisheries International, 4 (4), 68-72.

Gatsz, A. J. J. 1998. Community organization of fi shes as indicated by morphological features. Ecology, 608, 711-718.

Guilliet, J. M., Hain, D. C., Hood, C. S. 2003. Th e eff ect of phylogeny on interspecifi c body shape variation in daters (Pisces: Percidae). Systematic Biology, 52, 488-500.

Hammer, O. Harper, D. A. T., Ryan, P. D. 2006. PAST Paleontological Statistics version 1.58.

Klug, W. S., Cummings, M. R., Spencer, C. A., Palladino, M. A. 2011. Concept of Genetics. 10th edition. Pearson Benjamin Cummings, California, 1-660.

Lasisi, M. 2002. Owena/Ondo Water Supply Scheme. Ondo State Water Corporation (OSWC), 2-3.

Majolagbe, F. A., Awopetu, J. I., Omitogun, O. G. 2011. Cytogenetical study of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) and Heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1809) and their reciprocal hybrids. Adamawa State University Journal of Scientific Research, 1 (1), 32-38.

Majolagbe, F. A., Awodiran, M. O., Awopetu, J. I. 2012. Electrophoretic Studies of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822) and Heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1809) and their hybrids. Ife Journal of Science, 14 (1), 167-176.

Olaniyi, W. A., Omitogun, O. G. 2012. Induction of diploid gynogeneic larvae of African catfi sh, Clarias gariepinus Burchell (1822). Ife Journal of Agriculture, 25, 73-82.

Oladimeji, T. E., Awodiran, M. O., Komolafe, O. O. 2015. Genetic diff erentiation studies among natural populations of Tilapia zillii. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 7 (4), 423-429.

Ola-Oladimeji, F. A. 2015. Comparison of Fitness Traits between Reciprocal Hybrids and Parentals of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) and Heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoff roy Saint-Hilaire, 1809). IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences, 10 (5), 78-82.

Ola-Oladimeji, F. A., Awodiran, M. O., Fagbuaro, O., Akomolafe, A. O. 2016. Morphological characterization of wild and cultured Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822) using principal component and cluster analyses. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 8 (4), 428-436.

Omoniyi, I. T. Agbon, A. O., Akegbejo-Samsons, Y. 2011. Th e Food Habits of Ctenopoma pethereci, Gunther (Pisces: Anabantidae) in River Oluwa, Ondo State, Nigeria. West African Journal of Applied Ecology, 19, 1-7.

Oso, J. A, Majolagbe, F. A, Idowu, E. O. Fagbuaro, O. 2013. Fecundity of two dominant fi sh species in Ado Reservoir, Southwest Nigeria. Albanian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 12 (4), 603-607.

Reist, J. D. 1985. An empirical evaluation of several univariate methods that adjust for size variation in morphometric data. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 63, 1429-1439.

Robins, C. R., Bailey, R. M., Bond, C. E., Brooker, J. R., Lachner, E. A., Lea, R. N., Scott, W. B. 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication, 21, 243.

Rognon, X., Teugels, G., Guyomard, R., Andramanga, M., Volckaert, F., Agnese, J. F. 1998. Morphometric and allozyme variation in the African catfi shes, Clarias gariepinus and C. anguillaris. Journal of Fish Biology, 53, 192-207.

Skelton, P. 2001. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, 1-262.

Sneath, P. H., Sokal, R. R. 1973. Th e principle and practice of numerical classifi cation. Numerical Taxonomy. W. H. Freeman and Co. San Francisco, USA, 1-573.

Solomon, S. G., Okomoda, V. T., Ogbenyikwu, A. I. 2015. Intraspecific morphological variation between cultured and wild Clarias gariepinus (Burchell) (Clariidae, Siluriformes). Archives of Polish Fisheries, 23, 53-61.

Teugels, G. G. 1982. Preliminary results of a morphological study of five African species of the subgenus Clarias (Clarias) (Pisces; Clariidae). Journal of Natural History, 16 (3), 439-464.

Teugels, G. G. 1986. A systematic revision of the African species of the genus Clarias (Pisces; Clariidae) Annales de Musee Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Sciences Zoologiques, 247, 63-72.

Turan, C., Yalcin, S., Turan, F., Okur, E., Akyurt, I. 2005. Morphometric comparisons of African catfish, Clarias gariepinus populations in Turkey. Folia Zoological, 54 (1-2), 165-172.

Wimberger, P. H. 1992. Plasticity of fish body shape - the effects of diet, development, family and age in two species of Geophagus (Pisces: Cichlidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 45, 197-218.

Vestnik Zoologii

The Journal of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Schmalhauzen Institute of Zoology

Journal Information

Cite Score 2017: 0.39

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.268
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.485


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 171 171 19
PDF Downloads 99 99 7