The role of the robin as a determinant of heterotrophic consortia is considered. The robin is a consort of determinants of autotrophic consortia, which core is represented mostly by dominating species of deciduous trees (Quercus robur Linnaeus, 1753, Tilia cordata Miller, 1768, Acer platanoides Linnaeus, 1753, Acer campestre Linnaeus, 1753), and also by sedges (Carex sp.) and grasses (Poaceae), connected with the determinants by fabric links. The robin also belongs to the concentr of the second and higher orders as a component of forest biogeocenoses and it is also the main determinant in species composition of the insects inhabiting bird nests. As a result of the taxonomic analysis of invertebrates in the robin nests, it has been found out that the most numerous class was Insecta (9 orders and 27 families), with the dominance of Coleoptera (30.7 %). The nidicolous fauna of the robin (38 species) was dominated by zoophages along with parasites and hematophages such as Hippoboscidae (46.4 %). The percentage of phytophages and saprophages among the invertebrate nest inhabitants was somewhat less (21 % each), then followed necrophages (12 %). Zoophages and parasites also dominated according to the number of objects in the nests (42 %; n = 150), the less was the portion of phytophages (34 %), saprophages (18 %), and necrophages (6 %). The highest number of species and objects of zoophages was recorded for climax and mature biocenoses (oak forests in NNP “HL” and pine cenoses in NNP “H””).
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Balashov, J. S. 2009. Ecological features of permanent ectoparasites. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 313 (3), 241-248 [In Russian].
Bulakhov, V. L., Gubkin, A. A., Ponomarenko, O. L., Pakhomov, O. Yu. 2015. Biological diversity of Ukraine. The Dnipropetrovsk region. Birds: Passerines (Aves: Passeriformes). Dnipropetrovsk Univ. Press, Dnipropetrovsk, 1-522 [In Ukrainian].
Chaplygina, A. B. 2016. The consortial relations of Eurasian Blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla L.) in the forest cenoses of Left -bank Ukraine. Studia Biologica, 10 (1), 99-110 [In Ukrainian].
Chaplygina, A. B., Gramma, V. M., Bondarecz, D. I., Savynska, N. O. 2015. Arthropods in a trophic-cenosis structure of the collared fl ycatcher consortia in conditions of forest ecosystems of North-Eastern Ukraine. Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology, Ecology, 23 (1), 74-85 [In Ukrainian].
Efremova, G. A., Tchaikovsky, A. I. 2004. Biocenotic relations of parasitocenoses of the rook’s nests. Actual problems of ecology. Materials of the I Intern. Scien. Conf., 220-223[In Russian].
Golubets, M. А., 2000. Ecosystemology. Pollі, L’vіv, 1-316[In Ukrainian].
Grunin, K. Y. 1970. Family Hippoboscidae. Family Calliphoridae. In: Bej-Bienko, G. Y., ed. Identifi cation guide of the European part of the USSR. Nauka, Moscow, 5 (2), 596-601, 607-624 [In Russian].
Homenko, V. N., Petrusenko, A. A., Zhezherin, I. V. 1988. The composition of the soil-litter mesofauna of Askania-Nova virgin steppe. Kiev, 1-56 (Prepr. AN UkrSSR. Instytut zoologii; 88.3) [In Russian].
Kirichenko, A. N. 1949. Nests of birds as a habitat of true bugs (Hemiptera). Entomol. Obozreniie, 30 (3-4), 239-241[In Russian].
Krivokhatskij, V. А., Narchuk, E. P. 2001. The Diptera (Diptera) are inhabitants of bird nests in the reserve “Forest on the Vorskla River” (Belgorod Region). Entomol. Obozreniie, 80 (2), 383-397 [In Russian].
Lundyshev, D. S. 2011. The Coleoptera insects in the consortium of bird nests in front of Polissya and Polissyan provinces of Belarus. Ph.D thesis, Minsk, 1-24 [In Russian].
Meleshchuk, L. І. 2008 a. Structure of the nidicoles fauna of song thrush in the Carpathian region of Ukraine. Scientifi c Bulletin of the Chernivtsi University. Rue, Chernivtsi, 165-167 [In Ukrainian].
Meleshchuk, L. І. 2008 b. The study of the structure of nidicolous groups of greenfi nch Chloris chloris L. and some regularities of their formation. Scientifi c Bulletin of the Uzhgorod University. Ser. Biology. Uzhgorod, 23, 82-86 [In Ukrainian].
Meleshchuk, L. І., Fedoryak, M. M. 2013. The Spiders (Araneae) in the composition of nidicolous fauna of dendrophilous birds of the Carpathian Region of Ukraine. Berkut, 22 (2), 151-160 [In Ukrainian].
Meleshchuk, L. І., Skilsky, I. V. 2007. On the study of nidicolous fauna of blackbirds in the Carpathian region of Ukraine. Berkut, 16 (1), 165-167[In Ukrainian].
Nartshuk, E. P., Krivokhatsky, V. A. 2001. Bird nest’s consortia: insects as components of nest eco-systems. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences “Zoological Session (Annual Reports 2000)”, 289, 155-160 [In Russian].
Prokofieva, I. V. 2000. Encounters of bloodsucking insects and mites in birds during the nesting season in Leningrad Region. The Russian Journal of Ornithology, 104, 12-17 [In Russian].
Tsaryk, J. V., Hnatyna, O. S. 2015. Warblers of genus Acrocephalus Naum. in the system of consortium. Visnyk of Lviv University. Biological ser., 70, 155-161 [In Ukrainian].
Yuzyk, D. I. Chaplygina, A. B. 2015. The consortial relations of the Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) in conditions of the forest cenoses of Northeast Ukraine. Berkut, 24 (2), in press [In Ukrainian].
Yuzyk, D. I. Chaplygina, A. B. 2016. The blue tits (Parus caeruleus L.) in the system of consortions in conditions of forest cenoses of Northeast Ukraine. Regional aspects of fl oristic and faunistic research. Proceedings of the third international scientifi c and practical conference, 13-14 May 2016, Putyla-Chernivtsi, Uklraine. Druk Art, Chernivtsi, 83-87 [In Ukrainian].