The Populist Political Parties and their Overthrow in the Prevalent Order

Open access


The world is entering a new international economic order, with clearly different characteristics to the previous one. Apart from the fundamental rotation (every 40-50 years) between the regimes of free trade and protectionism, the decisive difference is the rapid rise of populist parties that are gradually displacing traditional political parties and traditional governments in Europe and the world. This development is the angry response of the victims of globalization, which has created many losers and few winners. Despite some differences among these new political parties, depending on whether they belong to the right or left, they all share certain basic choices, such as closed borders, the return of nationalism, the need for state intervention in the economy, a more equitable distribution of wealth, the demonstration of hostility to elitism and the status quo, the limitation of unregulated stock market economy, the greater emphasis on domestic production and consumption than exports. This status change is important not only from the point of view of mutating from liberal to illiberal democracy, but also from the point of view of the radical economic changes expected at the international and national levels. The main question, which at present cannot be answered, is whether life on the planet Earth will be better or worse as a result of these fundamental changes that penetrate our everyday life.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Barone Michel National Review (

  • Briefing European Populism (2018) The Economist 03/02.

  • Deudney Daniel and Ikenberry G. John (2009) “The myth of the autocratic Revival” Foreign Affairs January/February.

  • Europea Commission - Frans Timmermans and Jyrki Katainen (2017) “Paper on reducing globalization” COM(2017) 240 10/05.

  • “European populism-Threat and opportunity” (2018) The Economist 03/02.

  • Hansen Alvin (1939)”Economic Progress and Declining Population Growth” American Economic Review 29 (1):1-15.

  • Lenglet Francois (2014) La fin de mondialisation Librairie Arhème Fayard/Pluriel Chapitre 5-L’éternel retour.

  • Mattews Jessica Tuchman Andrew Kohut and Stapleton Roy (2012) “US Public Experts Differ on China Policies” Pew Research Center-septembre.

  • Mounk Yasha (2018) “How populist uprisings could bring down liberal democracy” The Guardian Sun 4 Mars 07/05 GMT.

  • Mounk Yascha (2018) “The people vs democracy” Harvard University Press.

  • Mounk Yasha and Roberto Stefan Foa (2018) “The End of the democratic Century” Foreign Affairs May-June pp. 29-36.

  • Muller Jan-Werner (2018) “The trouble with illiberal democracy” International New York Times 06/04.

  • Negreponti-Delivani Maria (2014) The Cold Blooded Murder of Greece Maria and Dimitri Delivanis Foundation and Ianos Publications (also in French L’Harmatan Paris).

  • Spengler Oswald (1918) The decline of the West Editor Alfred. A. Knopf N.Y. Vol. 1

  • Summers Lawrence (2013) “Why Stagnation Might Prove to be the New Normal” Financial Times 15/12.

  • Scott Robert (2017) “Brexit:The end of globalization as we know it?” ΅Working Economics Blog-posted June 28 2016 at 12:26 pm.

  • Survey Monkey

  • Zakaria Fareed Jan-Werner Muller (2018) “The trouble with illiberal democracy” International New York Times 06/04