Development Opportunities of Homesteads in Rural Areas a Social or an Economic Question?


The survival of special Hungarian settlement forms (homesteads), due to the increasing urbanization phenomena, raises more and more questions. Are these forms of settlements of special, natural, landscape and cultural value? Or are the empty spaces that have lost their original function, which are relocating to the growing urban agglomerations? In our research, we sought to find out what kind of vision the Hungarian ‘farm’ could have on the 21st century Hungarian Great Plain. On the one hand, our empirical research focused on a homestead survey in the Bács-Kiskun County, where we surveyed the general condition of the farms, and on the other hand we carried out an opinion survey of the population. We have tried to compare the opinion of the urban population and the vision of the people living on the farms, to identify new functions that will fit in with the European rural development policy, financial and professional support in the future. Our results show that diversified developments can help the survival and development of homesteads.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • BALOGH, L. 2004. Bács-Kiskun megye tanyás térségeinek múltja jelene és jövője (The past and future of the homestead areas of Bács-Kiskun County). In Csatári, B. – Kiss, A. (szerk.). Tanyai Kaleidoszkóp (Csatári, B. – Kiss, A. (ed.). Homestead kaleidoscope): Kecskemét : MTA RKK Alföldi Tudományos Intézete, 2004, pp. 144–146.

  • BARBU, C-M. – CĂPUŞNEANU, S. 2012. Agriculture, Environment and Sustainable Development of Rural Areas. In International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 2, 2012, no. 9, pp. 242–253.

  • BECSEI, J. 1992. Az alföldi tanyarendszer változásai és várható fejlődése (Changes and expected development of homestead system in the Great Plain). (Kutatási jelentés). (Research paper) OTKA 4511/1992, Budapest, 1992.

  • BECSEI, J. 2002. A tanyarendszer jövőbeni alakulására ható tényezők (Factors affecting the future development of the homestead system). In Magyar Tudomány (Hungarian Science), 2002, no. 9, pp. 1196–1213.

  • BELUSZKY, P. 2004. Magyarország településföldrajza (Geography of settlement in Hungary). Budapest : Dialóg Campus Kiadó, 2004, 568 p.

  • BERENGUER, J. – CORRALIZA, J.A. – MARTÍN, R. 2005. Rural-Urban Differences in Environmental Concern, Attitudes, and Actions. In European Journal of Psychological Assessment, vol. 21, 2005, no. 2, pp. 128–138.

  • BIOLEK, J. – ANDRÁŠKO, I. –MALÝ, J. – ZRŮSTOVÁ, P. 2017. Interrelated aspects of residential suburbanization and collective quality of life: A case study in Czech suburbs. In Acta Geografica Slovenica, vol. 57, 2017, no. 1, pp. 65–75.

  • COMMINS, P. 1978. Socio-economic adjustments to rural depopulation. In Regional Studies, vol. 12, 1978, no. 1, pp. 79–94.

  • CSATÁRI, B. – FARKAS, J. Zs. 2018. Az alföldi tanyák változó szerepe a településszerkezetben (The role of the Great Plain farms in the settlement structure). In A Falu (The village), vol. 33, 2018, no. 3, pp. 33–48.

  • CSATÁRI, B. – FARKAS, J.ZS.–KOVÁCS, A.D. 2016. Egy alföldi tanyás mezőváros terének dinamikus változásai Kecskemét példáján (Dynamic changes in the territory of a homestead in the Great Plain, following the example of Kecskemét). In Kókai, S. (szerk.). A változó világ XXI. századi kihívásai (The XXI. century challenges of changing world), University of Nyíregyháza Institute of Tourism and Geography, 2016, pp. 89–109.

  • CSATÁRI, B. – KANALAS, I. 2006. A homokhátsági tanyák jelene és területi jellemzőik (The present and territorical character of homestead in Homokhátság). In A Falu (The village), vol. 21, 2006, no. 2, pp. 95–105.

  • GÁLNÉ HORVÁTH, I. 2014. A Hódmezővásárhely környéki tanyák és tanyaközpontok vizsgálata a tér és idő összefüggésében (Studying of homestead and homestead centers aroun Hódmezővásárhely in context of space and time) (PhD dissertation). University of Pécs Faculty of Sciences Doctoral School of Earth Sciences, 2014, 197 p.

  • KOVÁCS, A.D – DÓKA, R. 2018. Tanyák a tájban – gondolatok a tanyás térségek környezeti összefüggéseiről (Farmsteads in the Landscape – Philosophic on the Environmental context of homestead areas). In A Falu (The Village), vol. 33, 2018, no. 3, pp. 61–72.

  • MIESZKOWSKI, P. – S. MILLS, E. 1993. The Causes of Metropolitan Suburbanization. In Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 7, 1993, no. 3, pp. 35–147.

  • NAGY, G. – DUDÁS, G. – BODNÁR, G. 2016. Megfogyva bár... Egy tanyafelmérés tanulságai Békés megyében (Diminishing, although... Lessons from a survey of the outskirts in Békés county). In Tér és Társadalom (Space and Society), vol. 30, 2016, no. 1, pp. 93–111.

  • NEMZETI FEJLESZTÉS. 2030 – Országos Fejlesztési és Területfejlesztési Koncepció (National Development and Territorial Development Concept of Hungary (NDTC)). 2014. Parliament Resolution No. 1/2014. (I. 3.) OGY.

  • PERGER, É. 2017. Az Országos Fejlesztési és Területfejlesztési Koncepcióban szereplő térségkategóriák felülvizsgálatának megalapozása (The foundation of the review of the regional categories included in the National Development and Regional Development Concept). Kutatási jelentések (Research report). On behalf of the Ministry of National Economy, Institute For Regional Studies, Centre For Economic And Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy Of Sciences, Kecskemét, 2017.

  • PETRÁS, E. 2006a. Fönntartható-e a tanyai településforma? Családi gazdaságok a kiskunhalasi tanyavilágban (Is the homestead as settlementform sustainable? Family farms in homesteadland of Kiskunhalas). Kutatási jelentés (Research report).

  • PETRÁS, E. 2006b. A homokhátsági tanyák jellemzői az adatlapok alapján (Characteristics of homesteads in Homokhátság based on data sheets). Research report, 2006, 69 p.

  • RESOLUTION 49/2009. (V. 27.) of the National Assembly on the preservation and development of homesteads and farm areas (OGYH).

  • ROBSON, M. – SCHNEIDER, D. 2001. Environmental health issues in rural communities. In Journal of environmental health, vol. 63, 2001, no. 10, pp. 16–19.

  • SCHOUTEN, M. – van der HEIDE, M. – HEIJMAN, W. 2009. Resilience of social-ecological systems in European rural areas: theory and prospects. In Paper prepared for presentation at the 113th EAAE Seminar “The Role of Knowledge, Innovation and Human Capital in Multifunctional Agriculture And Territorial Rural Development“, Belgrade, Republic of Serbia, December 9–11, 2009. 18 p.

  • VASÁRUS, G. – BAJMÓCY, P. – LENNERT, J. 2018. In the shadow of the city: demographic processes and emerging conflicts in the rural-urban fringe of the Hungarian agglomerations. In Geographica Pannonica, vol. 22, 2018, no. 1, pp. 14–29.

  • VIDICKIENÉ, D. 2017. Attractiveness of Rural Areas for Young, Educated Women in Post-Industrial Society. In Eastern European Countryside, vol. 23, 2017, no. 1, pp. 171–190.


Journal + Issues