The Effect of Rootstocks on the Fruit Characteristic Attributes of ‘Jonica’ Apples

Open access

The Effect of Rootstocks on the Fruit Characteristic Attributes of ‘Jonica’ Apples

Apples of ‘Jonica’ originated from mature trees grown on various vegetative rootstocks (M.9, M.26, P22, P 59 and P 60) were subjected to quality evaluations at harvest, after storage and after simulated shelf-life. Fruits were picked at optimum harvest date and stored accordingly to recommended in Poland for that cultivar conditions. At harvest, fruit with the highest flesh firmness were obtained from trees on P59, P22 and P60. The same effects of those rootstocks on providing higher firmness of fruits were observed after storage and additional shelf life period. Lower firmness values were noted in the case of fruit from trees on rootstocks M.9 and M.26, respectively. Total soluble contents of fruit from trees on P59, P22 were significantly higher than in the case of other rootstocks under study. Titratable acidity of fruits from trees on P59 and M.26 was higher than in fruits from other rootstocks.

Dry matter of fruit from trees grown on rootstock P59 were the highest, followed by fruit from P22 and M.9 respectively. Physiological disorders (bitter pit and breakdown) were noted during post-storage phase if only M.9 and M.26 rootstocks were used. Weight loses during storage due to transpiration and respiration did not show the effect of rootstocks. The lowest shares of sound fruit after storage and after simulated shelf life period were observed for fruit from trees grafted on rootstock M.9.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Autio W.R. Barden J.A. Brown G.R. 1991. Rootstock affects ripening size mineral composition and storability of ‘Starkspur Supreme Delicious’ in the 1980-81 NC-140 cooperative planting. Fruit Var. J.45: 247-251.

  • Autio W.R. Hayden R.A. Micke W.C. Brown G.R. 1996. Rootstock affects ripening color and shape of ‘Starkspur Supreme Delicious’ apples in the 1984 NC-140 cooperative planting. Fruit Var. J.50(1): 45-53.

  • Castle W.S. 1995. Rootstock as a fruit quality factor in citrus and decidous tree crops. New Zealand J. Crop Hort. Sci.23: 383-394.

  • Ferree D.C. 1988. Role of rootstock and spur-type scions for controlling vegetative growth of apple and peach trees. HortScience23: 464-467.

  • Goffings G. Herregods M. 1994. The influence of the storage conditions on some quality parameters of Jonagold apples. Acta Hort.368: 37-42.

  • Hoehn E.H. Gasser F. Guggenbuhl B. Casutt M.M. 2001. Consumer demands on eating quality of apples: minimum requirements on firmness soluble solids and acidity. VI Intern. CA Research Conference Rotterdam. Abstract: 16-02.

  • Kader A.A. 1985. Quality factors: definition and evaluation for fresh horticultural crops. pp: 118-121. In: Postharvest technology of horticultural crops. (Eds: Kader et al. Cooperative Extension). Univ. Calif. Davies. Spec. Publ. 3311.

  • Kays K.J. 1999. Preharvest factors affecting appearance. Postharv. Biol. Technol.15: 233-247.

  • Pladett F.C. de Jager A. Oude Ophuis P.A.M. Hulshoff H.E. Jahae I.A.M.A. 1992. Evaluation of eating quality. Summary of results of an inquiry among fruit scientist. CBT. Netherlands. November 4th 1992: 1-12.

  • Płocharski W.J. Konopacka D. 1999. The relation between mechanical and sensory parameters of apples and pears. Acta Hort.485: 309-317.

  • Riesen W. Husistein A. 1998. Influence of rootstock on apple fruit quality. Acta Hort.466: 161-166.

  • Sekse L. 1992. Changes in the content of soluble solids and titratable acids in apples during ripening and storage. Norw. J. Agric. Sci.6: 111-119.

  • Vangdal E. 1985. Quality criteria for fruit for fresh consumption. Acta Agric. Scand.35: 41-47.

Journal information
Cited By
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 215 118 7
PDF Downloads 95 54 6