Obraz żywiołu wody w muzyce i sztukach plastycznych. Przyczynek do edukacji interdyscyplinarnej / The image of the element of water in music and plastic arts. A contribution to interdisciplinary education
The themes of the four elements - with their extremely rich symbolism - have been taken up by many artists. The forming of knowledge about nature, initiated already in the ancient times, resulted in the four-component conception of the elements, which distinguished earth, water, air and fire. These elements aroused and shaped the imagination of many artists and composers. After all, fire means warmth and light but also conflagration and destruction; water keeps one alive but it also floods; wind in turn revives but it also causes devastation; similarly, earth is the mother of all riches, but at the same time it hides destructive forces that lie dormant in its mysterious interior.
he present article discusses the problems of inspiration by the element of water, found in musical pieces and in plastic arts; at the same time it places the subject matter so defined in the perspective of correspondence and integration of arts. The study presents the analysis of the problems of inspiration by the water element in reference, inter alia, to the relationships and parallels occurring between the sphere of architecture and music, and to the subject matter of the river, sea and ocean present in painting and music, occasionally taking achievements in sculpture and literature into consideration. The principal object of observation was music. Therefore, the works of the following composers have been discussed: Ottorino Respighi, Francisco Tarrega, Karol Szymanowski, Bedřich Smetana, Nikołaj Rimsky-Korsakov, Claude Debussy, and Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis. The present study is first of all a contribution to interdisciplinary education, being chiefly meant for music teachers.