Shahr-I Sokhta, Burned City, located in the south of Zabol, Sistan where founded circa 3200 BCE and some part of the city was burnt. Marvelous finds such as the world's earliest known artificial eyeball, the first animation in the world, the oldest known backgammon, with its dice and so forth all in this city. Their expertise was merely not in handicrafts. In this work provided evidences which Burned City’s walls are highly resistance against seismic loads and has engineering aspects, a wall was simulated by a finite element software and seismically considerations was approve the walls minimal deformation even after circa five thousand years.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
 Tosi M. “A topographical and stratigraphical periplus of Shahr-i-Sokhta”. Proceeding of the IVth Annual Symposium on Archaeological Research in Iran (1975) 130-158.
 Keykhaei M. M.haji Valiei R.Shirazi F. Khademi nadoosha “Shahr-i Sokhta and the Bronze production Workshop: a review” IANSA (2012) Issue 2 Vol. 3 203-210
 Quoted in Cultural Heritage News Agancy “Burned City Residential Sections to Be Restored” http://chnpress.ir/NSite/FullStory/News/?Id=34&Serv=1&SGr=11 accessed November 2013
 Mortazavi M. “From Ancient to Modern Urbanization: Intermediary Function of an Urban Society” International Journal of Historical Archaeology Springer (2010) 126-137
 Quoted in “Paradise of Archeologist- last excavation in Shar-I Sokhta” (title translated in English but S. M. S. Sajjadi’s speech in Persian) Tarikh journal Roshd Amoozesh Tarikh (2004) No. 15 .2-6
 Interview with S. M. S. Sajjadi Interviewers: S. Nasrollahzade M. Kaboli N. Salehi M. Tabriznia Tabrizi Maho Tarzkh va Geography (2004) No. 85 7-20 (in Persian)
 Hansman J.F. “The Question of Aratta - Journal of Near Eastern Studies” (1978) - JSTOR
 Quoted in http://shahr-i-sokhta.ir/en/accessed November 2013 (most information written in Persian)
 Thornton C. P. “The Emergence of Complex Metallurgy on the Iranian Plateau: Escaping the Levantine Paradigm” Journal of World Prehistory Volume 22 Issue 3 (2009) 301-327
 Singh Rana S. N.Kumar Pandey S.Sharma A. Kumar Mishra “Image and Video Portraitization Using Color Segmentation (RGB color model)” International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications Vol. 3 Issue 1 (2013) 747-750
 Tafzili A. “Takhte Nard: Taghdir ya Tadbir” (2004) 33 (in Persian)
 Zargaran A. A.Fazelzadeh A. Mohagheghzadeh “Surgeons and Surgery from Ancient Persia (5000 Years of Surgical History)” World Journal of Surgery Springer Volume 37 Issue 8 (2013) 2002-2004
 Sajjadi S.M.S. M. Casanova L. Costantini and K.O. Lorentz “Sistan and baluchistan Project: Short Reports On The Tenth Campaign of Excavations at Shahr-i Sokhta” British Institute of Persian Studies Vol. 46 (2008) 315-319
 Yonekura J. “Indus Towns and Huanghe Towns: The Origin of the Grid Pattern Town Plan” Geographical Review of Japan Ser. B Vol. 57 No. 2 (1984) 101-110
 Grant J. “The dark side of the grid: power and urban design Planning Perspectives” Volume 16 Issue 3 (2001) 219-241
 Sajjadi S. M. S. F. Foruzanfar R. Shirazi and S. Baghestani “ Excavations at Shahr-i Sokhta. First Preliminary Report on the Excavations of the Graveyard 1997-2000” British Institute of Persian Studies Vol. 41 (2003) 21-97.
 Manzoor S.J. P.J. Seung “Focusing Brick by Brick from Micro Level Material to Macro Level City Morphology: Green Healthy Brick Design” Civil Engineering and Architecture Vol. 1 No 3 (2013) 79-87
 Tarque Ruíz S.N. “Numerical modelling of the seismic behavior of adobe buildings” A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Earthquake Engineering (2011) 29-60 113-130
 Mangueira F.B. Oliveira Neto L. Azambuja M. A. “Determination of the Numerical Parameters of a Continuous Damage Model for the Structural Analysis of Clay Brick Masonry” Materials Research vol.15 no.6 (2012) 1013-1021
 Earthquake acceleration database of the University of Berkeley. Available online: http://peer.berkeley.edu/nga_files/ath/KOBE/TAZ000.AT2