Pollination Ecology Characteristics of Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng. (Lecythidaceae)

Jacob Solomon Raju Aluri 1 , Suvarna Raju Palathoti 2 , Dileepu Kumar Banisetti 3 , and Sravan Kumar Samareddy 1
  • 1 Andhra University, Department of Environmental Sciences, 530003, Visakhapatnam, India
  • 2 International College of Engineering and Management, Department of Health and Safety Environmental Management, Muscat
  • 3 M. R. College (autonomous), Department of Botany, Vizianagaram, India

Abstract

Barringtonia racemosa is an evergreen mangrove associate. It is an year-round bloomer that produces attractive pinkish-white flowers on long, hanging racemes. The flowers open during evening-night time during which only hawk moths swiftly visit them for nectar collection effecting both self- and cross-pollination. Fruits are large, single-seeded, indehiscent and buoyant, and disperse in the direction of tidal or ocean currents. Seeds are exposed only when fruits rot; when anchored in the muddy substratum, they germinate within two or three weeks to produce new plants.

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