The writer’s pragmatic aims attainment in Doris Lessing’s To Room Nineteen: A cognitive linguistics view

Open access

Abstract

This paper presents an inquiry into the cognitive-pragmatic specifics of To Room Nineteen by Doris Lessing. Its major goal is to investigate the cognitive means that enable the fulfilment of the writer’s pragmatic aims in the process of literary communication. The research reveals the writer’s aims of raising the problem of women in a patriarchal society and of intensifying manipulative influence upon the reader, which were achieved via the implicit concept of NEUROSIS and the CONTAINER concept used to metaphorically interpret the described events. The investigation proved that the concept of NEUROSIS intensifies psychological manipulation of the reader, ensuring the reader’s engagement in message creation, preserving the reader’s trust regardless of the transference of inaccurate information, etc. It participates in the reader’s neural simulation through nomination of somatisms, retrieval of memories from previous painful experiences, the activation of the “mirroring” phenomenon, etc. Metaphoric modelling provides a psychological manipulation of the reader’s perception through shading and highlighting of the appropriate facets, creating proper associations and establishing specific images. It implements activation of the neural activity, creating imaginative simulation of the reader’s body in action and involving personal cognitive experiences.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Bara B. G. Tirassa M. 2000. Neuropragmatics: brain and communication. Brain and Language vol. 71 no. 1 pp. 10-14.

  • Bara B. G. 2010. Cognitive pragmatics: The mental processes of communication (translated by John Douthwaite). Cambridge: A Bradford Book.

  • Bortolussi M. Dixon P. 1996. Literary communication: Effects of reader-narrator cooperation. Poetics vol. 23 pp. 405-430.

  • Bystrov Y. 2014. Fractal metaphor LIFE IS A STORY in biographical narrative. Topics in Linguistics vol. 14 no. 1 pp. 1-8.

  • Bystrov Y. 2011. Modelling authorial conceptual scheme: linguosynergetic aspect (based on the material of English). The Journal of V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Series: Romance and Germanic Philology. Methods of Foreign Language Teaching vol. 68 no. 973 pp. 130-135.

  • Chantal B. Tracey I. and Holmes E. A. 2012. How a better understanding of spontaneous mental imagery linked to pain could enhance imagery-based therapy in chronic pain. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology (JEP) vol. 3 no. 2 pp. 258-273.

  • Dorland’s medical dictionary for health consumers 2007. Saunders an imprint of Elsevier Inc. [Accessed 11 December 2018]. Available at: https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/neurosis/

  • Engel A. K. Maye A. Kurthen M. and Konig P. 2013. Where’s the action? The pragmatic turn in cognitive science. Trends in Cognitive Sciences vol. 17 no. 5 pp. 1-8.

  • Gallese V. Lakoff G. 2005. The brain’s concepts: the role of the sensory-motor system in conceptual knowledge. Cognitive Neuropsychology vol. 22 no. 3 pp. 455-479.

  • Gibbs R. W. Jr. Matlock T. 2008. Metaphor imagination and simulation: Psycholinguistic evidence. In: R. W. Gibbs Jr. ed. The Cambridge handbook of metaphor and thought. New York: Cambridge University Press pp. 161-176.

  • Grisot C. 2017. A quantitative approach to conceptual procedural and pragmatic meaning: Evidence from inter-annotator agreement. Journal of Pragmatics vol. 117 pp. 245-263.

  • Hua Yu Guo Jian 2015. A stylistic analysis of To room nineteen. Linguistics and Literature Studies vol. 3 no. 3 pp. 88-90.

  • Klinger E. 1978. The flow of thought and its implications for literary communication. Poetics vol. 7 pp. 191-205.

  • Lakoff G. The neural theory of metaphor (January 2 2009). [Accessed 11 December 2018]. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1437794/

  • Lerchner G. 1990. The text as a “model-forming system” in literary communication. Poetics vol. 19 pp. 411-422.

  • Lessing D. 2010. To room nineteen. Stuttgart: Philipp Reclam Jun.

  • Mazzarella D. Reinecke R. Noveck I. and Mercier H. 2018. Saying presupposing and implicating: How pragmatics modulates commitment. Journal of Pragmatics vol. 133 pp. 15-27.

  • McGraw-Hill concise dictionary of modern medicine 2002. McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. [Accessed 11 December 2018]. Available at: http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/neurosis/

  • Mosby’s dental dictionary (2nd ed.) 2008. Elsevier Inc. [Accessed 11 December 2018]. Available at: http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/neurosis/

  • Quawas R. 2007. Lessing’s “To room nineteen”: Susan’s voyage into the inner space of ‘elsewhere’. Atlantis vol. 29 no. 1 pp. 107-122. [Accessed 11 December 2018]. Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/41055268?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents/

  • Ruiz J. H. 2009. Understanding tropes: At the crossroads between pragmatics and cognition. Series: Duisburg papers on research in language and culture vol. 75. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang GmbH.

  • Ryan D. 2004. The pragmatic theory of meaning: negotiation by stealth. Language Sciences vol. 26 pp. 217-229.

  • Sa Junior P. H. de 2003. Schizophrenia or female consciousness: Diagnosing a borderline personality in Doris Lessing’s “To room nineteen”. Revista Eletronica do Instituto de Humanidades vol. 1 no. 4. [Accessed 25 January 2019]. Available at: http://publicacoes.unigranrio.edu.br/index.php/reihm/issue/view/4

  • Saussure L. de 2005. Manipulation and cognitive pragmatics: Preliminary hypotheses. Manipulation and ideologies in the twentieth century: Discourse language mind. In: L. de Saussure and P. Schulz eds. Discourse Approaches to Politics. Society and Culture 17. Amsterdam-Philadelphia: John Benjamins pp. 113-146.

  • Schmid H.-J. 2012. Generalizing the apparently ungeneralizable. Basic ingredients of cognitive-pragmatic approach to the construal of meaning-in-context. In: H.-J. Schmid ed. Cognitive Pragmatics. Series: Handbook of Pragmatics vol. 4. De Gruyter Mouton pp. 3-22.

  • Semino E. 2010. Descriptions of pain metaphor and embodied simulation. Metaphor and Symbol vol. 25 no. 4 pp. 205-226.

  • Verschueren J. 2015. Pragmatics Linguistic. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed.) vol. 18. Elsevier Ltd pp. 795-802.

  • Walter N. Saturday 15 October 1994. Interview / The golden journey: After a lifetime of novels Doris Lessing has written her autobiography. Natasha Walter met her. The Independent. [Accessed 11 December 2018]. Available at: https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/interview-the-golden-journey-after-a-lifetime-of-novels-doris-lessing-has-written-her-autobiography-1443057.html/

  • Weber J. J. 1995. How metaphor leads Susan Rawlings into suicide: A cognitive-linguistic analysis of Doris Lessing’s ‘To Room Nineteen’. In: P. Verdonk and J. J. Weber eds. Twentieth century fiction: From text to context. New York: Routledge pp. 32-44.

  • Zhao K. 2012. An analysis of three images in Doris Lessing’s To Room Nineteen. Theory and Practice in Language Studies vol. 2 no. 8 pp. 1651-1655.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 0.25

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.144
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.447

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 147 147 35
PDF Downloads 95 95 18