From Modernity to Post-Modernity: Conflicting Voices in Literary Discourse – A Corpus Analysis of You and One

Open access

Abstract

This paper discusses the possibilities of a corpus analysis applied to literary study and interpretation. It is thus its goal to present some findings related to the disambiguation of some pronominal references, i.e. you and one, as they occur in speech and thought presentation in prose fiction, across periods in the 20th century. The texts selected are two of Virginia Woolf's novels (early and late modernist period) and one by Hugo Hamilton (in the postmodern era). The analysis benefits from a multi-layered interpretive framework drawing on discourse analysis, corpus-based approaches and literary study, particularly in that it unpacks ways in which writers make use of linguistic structures. These involve readers in a dialogic interpretation of the text's “polyphony” and “heteroglossia”, either conveying the generic pronoun reference or the protagonist's inner voice.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • ASAKA K. 2008. Free indirect discourse and the personal pronoun ‘one’ in To the Lighthouse. Online Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Poetics and Linguistics Association (PALA). Available at: http://www.pala.ac.uk/resources/proceedings/2008/alexander2008.pdf.

  • ASAKA K.2010. Figuring out ‘who tells the story’ from the personal pronoun: The use of one in Virginia Woolf's short stories. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Poetics and Linguistics Association (PALA). Available at: http://www.pala.ac.uk/resources/proceedings/2010/alalami2010.pdf

  • ASAKA K.2010. Figuring out ‘who tells the story’ from the personal pronoun: The use of one in Virginia Woolf's short stories. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Poetics and Linguistics Association (PALA). Available at: http://www.pala.ac.uk/resources/proceedings/2010/alalami2010.pdf

  • BAKER P. 2006. Using corpora in discourse analysis. New York: Continuum.

  • BAKHTIN M. M. 1981. The dialogic imagination: Four essays. M. Holquist ed. Trans. C. Emerson and M. Holquist Austin and London: University of Texas Press (1930; 1975).

  • BELSEY C. 2002. Critical practice. London: Methuen.

  • BHABHA H. 1998. Culture's in between. In: D. Bennett ed. Multicultural states: Rethinking difference and identity. London: Routledge pp. 29-47.

  • BIBER D. CONRAD S. and LEECH G. 2002. Longman student grammar of spoken and written English. Longman: Harlow.

  • BIBER D. CONRAD S. and REPPEN R. 1998. Corpus linguistics: investigating Language structure and use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. British National Corpus. Available at: http://www.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/.

  • BROWN L. ed.1993. The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford: OUP.

  • CARTER R. and MCCARTHY M. 2006. Cambridge grammar of spoken and written English and usage. Cambridge: CUP.

  • CAUGHIE P. 1991. Virginia Woolf and postmodernism: literature in quest & question of itself. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

  • DAICHES D. 1942. Virginia Woolf. New York: New Directions Books.

  • DAVID H. 1994. Textual ‘you’ and double deixis in Edna O'Brien's A Pagan Place. Style vol.28 no.3 pp. 378-411. Available at: http://cogweb.ucla.edu/Abstracts/Herman_94.html

  • DUPLEISS R. 1985. “‘I’ rejected; ‘we’ substituted”: The later novels of Woolf. In: Writing beyond the ending: Narrative strategies of twentieth-century women writers. Bloomington: Indian University Press pp. 162-177.

  • FLUDERNIK M. 1993. The fictions of language and the languages of fiction: The linguistic representation of speech and consciousness. London: Routledge.

  • GENETTE G. 1988. Narrative discourse. Trans. J. Lewin. Ithaca: Cornell UP.

  • HAMILTON H. 2003. The Speckled People: A Memoir of a Half-Irish Childhood Hammersmith: Harper Perennial.

  • HOEY M. 1991. Patterns of lexis in text. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • HOEY M. 2001. Textual interaction: An introduction to written discourse analysis. London: Routledge.

  • HOEY M. 2005. Lexical priming: A new theory of words and language. London: Routledge.

  • HUTCHEON L. 1984. The theme of linguistic identity: La Macchina Mondiale. In: Narcissistic narrative: The metafictional paradox. London: Routledge pp. 104-117.

  • LAKOFF G. 1996. Sorry I'm Not Myself Today: The Metaphor System for Conceptualizing the Self. In: G. Fauconnier and E. Sweetser eds. Spaces worlds and grammar. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press pp. 91-123.

  • MACLEOD N. 2005. Stylistics and point of view in fiction: A credo and some examples. The European English Messenger. ESSE vol. 14 no 2 pp. 61-73.

  • MACOVSKI M. 1994. Dialogue and literature: Apostrophe auditors and the collapse of Romantic discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • MARTINEZ M. A. 2008. Focaliser's inner speech: Levels of participant representation in fictional narrative discourse. Online Paper Abstracts of the Annual Conference of the Poetics and Linguistics Association 2008 (PALA).

  • MCINTYRE D. BELLARD-THOMSON C. HEYWOOD J. MCENERY A. M. SEMINO E. and SHORT M. H. 2004. Investigating the presentation of speech writing and thought in British English: A corpus-based approach. ICAME Journal vol.28 pp. 49-76.

  • MAHLBERG M. 2007. Corpus stylistics: bridging the gap between linguistic and literary studies. In: M. Hoey M. Mahlberg M. Stubbs and W. Teubert eds. Text discourse and corpora. London: Continuum pp. 219-246.

  • NASU M. 2010. Can we appreciate her ‘Moments of Being’? - A stylistic analysis of Woolf's short fiction. Online Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Poetics and Linguistics Association (PALA). Available at: http://www.pala.ac.uk/resources/proceedings/2010/alalami2010.pdf

  • OGLE D. 2002. Raising reading in the middle. Reading Today vol. 19 no.4 p. 7. PARTINGTON A. 1998. Patterns and meanings: Using corpora for English language research and teaching. Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

  • ROBERT H. 1954. Stream of consciousness in the modern novel: A study of James Joyce Virginia Woolf Dorothy Richardson William Faulkner and others. Berkeley: University of California Press.

  • SAMPSON G. and MCCARTHY D. eds. 2004. Corpus linguistics: Readings in a widening discipline. London: Continuum.

  • SEMINO E. and SHORT M. 2004. Corpus stylistics: Speech writing and thought presentation in a corpus of English writing. London: Routledge.

  • SEMINO E. SHORT M. and CULPEPER J. 1997. Using a corpus to test and refine a model of speech and thought presentation. Poetics vol.25 no.1 pp. 17–43. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-422X(97)00007-7.

  • SIMPSON P.1997. Language through literature: An introduction. London: Routledge.

  • SINCLAIR J. ed. 1990. Collins Cobuild English grammar. London/Glasgow: Collins.

  • SINCLAIR J. 2004. Developing linguistic corpora: A guide to good practice. Ahds literature languages and linguistics. Available at: www.ahds.ac.uk/creating/guides/linguistic-corpora/chapter1.htm#section11 [Accessed 1 February 2006].

  • SOTIROVA V. 2009. The roots or routes of a literary style? Joyce's presentation of consciousness in Ulysses. PALA 2009 Abstracts (p. 48). Available at: http://www.roac.nl/roac/_files/conferences/PALA%202009%20Book%20of%20Abstracts.pdf

  • SOUSA A. 2008. Mapping out real and imaginary settings: Cohesion in Hamilton's The Speckled People. Dedalus 11-12 - A Ilha e os Mapas da Cultura pp.195-224.

  • STANZEL F. K. 1988. A theory of narrative. Cambridge: CUP.

  • STOCKWELL P. 2002. Miltonic texture and the feeling of reading. In E. Semino and J. Culpeper eds. Cognitive stylistics. language and cognition in text analysis. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. pp. 73-94.

  • SWEETSER E. and FAUCONNIER G. 1996. Cognitive links and domains. In: G. Fauconnier and E. Sweetser eds. Spaces worlds and grammar. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press pp. 1-28.

  • TRENGOVE G. 1975. Who is you? Grammar in Grassic Gibbon. Scottish Literary Journal vol.2 no.2 pp. 47-62.

  • QUIRK R. and GREENBAUM S. 1993. A university grammar of English. Hong Kong: Longman.

  • WALES K. 1997. Dictionary of stylistics. London and New York: Longman.

  • WIDDOWSON H. 1975. Stylistics and the teaching of literature [1991]. London: Longman.

  • WOOLF V. 1982. Night and Day. London: Granada (1919).

  • WOOLF V. 2002. Between the Acts. The Shakespeare Head Press Edition. Oxford: Blackwell (1941).

  • WYNNE M. SHORT M. and SEMINO E. 1998. A corpus-based investigation of speech thought and writing presentation in English narrative texts. In: A. Renouf ed. Explorations in corpus linguistics. Amsterdam: Rodopi pp. 233-250.

  • WYNNE M. 2006. Stylistics. Corpus approaches. In: K. Brown ed. Encyclopedia of language and linguistics. Oxford: Elsevier pp. 223-226.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.25

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.144
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.447

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 247 98 4
PDF Downloads 238 135 12