Opera is undoubtedly a particularly high and traditional genre of art, but recently there have been numerous attempts at breaking this stereotype and presenting opera in a contemporary light. The most popular way of achieving this aim is either staging modernized opera productions, i.e. transferring their plot from their traditional setting to the here and now, or considerably changing their interpretation. Staging modernized productions involves, first of all, the issue of stage design, and an alteration in the traditional interpretation is mostly created by acting, but nowadays it is also the translation shown in the form of surtitles that creates the significance of operatic productions.
Bassnett, Susan. “The Meek or the Mighty: Reappraising the Role of the Translator.” Translation, Power, Subversion. Ed. Román Álvarez and M. Carmen-África Vidal. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 1996. 10–24. Print.
Burton, Jonathan. “The Art and Craft of Opera Surtitling.” Audiovisual Translation: Language Transfer on Screen. Ed. Jorge Díaz Cintas and Gunilla Andermann. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. 58–70. Print.
Derrida, Jacques. “Różnia (différance).” Drogi współczesnej filozofii. Trans. Joanna Skoczylas. Ed. Marek J. Siemek. Warszawa: Czytelnik, 1978. 374–411. Print.
Desblache, Lucile. “Music to My Ears, but Words to My Eyes? Text, Opera and Their Audiences.” Linguistica Antverpiensia, New Series–Themes in Translation Studies 6 (2007): 155–70. Web. 28 May 2016.
Dubiski, Stanisław. Opera pod lupą. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, 2009. Print.
Hettinger, Holger. “Finesse ohne virtuosen Überschwang.” Deutschlandfunkkultur.de. Deutschlandfunk Kultur 27 Jan. 2015. Web. 28 May 2016.
Kozinn, Allan. “The Met Shows Off Its New Titles.” Nytimes.com. New York Times 24 Mar. 1995. Web. 28 May 2016.
Lefevere, André. Translation, Rewriting and the Manipulation of Literary Fame. London: Routledge, 1992. Print.
Savage, Roger. “The Staging of Opera.” The Oxford Illustrated History of Opera. Ed. Roger Parker. New York: Oxford UP, 1994. 350–420. Print.
Tommasini, Anthony. “Reinventing Supertitles: How the Met Did It.” Nytimes.com. New York Times 2 Oct. 1995. Web. 28 May 2016.
Venuti, Lawrence. The Translator’s Invisibility: A History of Translation. London: Routledge, 2008. Print.
Wakin, Daniel J. “Oh, Baby! That Duke Sure is a Dreamboat in the New Rigoletto.” Nytimes.com. New York Times 8 Feb. 2013. Web. 28 May 2016.