The selective treatment of municipal waste – a challenge for the architect


Contemporary civilisation has an obsession for consuming more and more goods. This, combined with the packaging habbits of suppliers, results in the emergence of increasingly large amounts of waste in Poland. The collection, selection and utilisation of this waste are becoming more and more significant, expensive and logistically complicated problems. In Poland, municipal utilities enterprises are responsible for solving these problems. However, as the space occupied by the collection, storage and disposal of waste is becoming larger, architects and urban planners should also consider being involved in providing solutions. This article presents figures and legal regulations related to the subject of municipal waste management in Poland. They are correlated with the methods of selective waste collection in Polish housing estates. Scientific research that was performed in housing estates is also presented; this research was aimed at checking the quality of existing urban and architectural solutions for municipal waste collection points. The article moves on to present good practices – examples of beneficial solutions for selective waste collection in selected European countries, such as Sweden and Italy. In order to carry out preliminary analyses of how to solve the functional and aesthetic issues related to housing waste collection points as part of the didactic classes at the Faculty of Architecture, of SUT, research exercises were conducted on the subject of developing a concept for new containers in a housing estate. Based on the received work (65 drawings) elements can be noticed that students most often paid attention to. Based on the conducted research and analysis, conclusions were reached regarding the methods of aestheticisation of district selective waste collection points and fundamental problems related to their design.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Bochenek, D., (2018). Ochrona środowiska w 2018 r. Informacje sygnalne (Environmental protection in 2018. Signal information). Central Statistical Office, Department of Spatial and Environmental Research. Retrieved from (date of access: 2019/06/28).

  • Domańska, W., (Ed.). (2018). Ochrona środowiska 2018 (Environment 2018). Central Statistical Office, Department of Spatial and Environmental Research: Warszawa.

  • Garbage collection system, Hammarby Sjöstad. Retrieved from www. (date of access: 2019/11/18).

  • Garbage collection system, Sweden. Retrieved from (date of access: 2019/11/18).

  • Komar, B. (2014). Modern quality of the space of cooperative housing estates in view of the Sustainable Development principles – case studies. Publishing House of Silesian University of Technology: Gliwice.

  • Komar, B. (2016). Universal design method of quality researches of residential space. ACEE, vol. 4.

  • Kucharczyk-Brus, B. (2018). Dealing with garbage. Worn out home furnishings against the idea of sustainable development. In A. Guskos, J. Rybicki, I. Gawłowicz, N. Guskos, (Eds.), MEDEA 2018 Gene | Meme | Techne, Task Publishing: Gdansk University of Technology: Gdańsk, Poland.

  • Landfill in Gliwice. Retrieved from (date of access: 2019/10/15).

  • Pneumatic refuse collection. Retrieved from (date of access: 2019/11/18).

  • Przegląd Komunalny (Municipal Review), 7/2019, 26.

  • Rozkrut, D., (Ed.). (2018). Concise Statistical Yearbook of Poland, Central Statistical Office: Warszawa.

  • Rozkrut, D., (Ed.). (2019). Concise Statistical Yearbook of Poland, Central Statistical Office: Warszawa.

  • Rozporządzenie Ministra Środowiska z dnia 29 grudnia 2016 r. w sprawie szczegółowego sposobu selektywnego zbierania wybranych frakcji odpadów (Dz.U. 2017, poz. 19).

  • Sachanowicz, T. (2013). Sztokholm. Ekologiczna perełka europejskich miast (Stockholm. The ecological pearl of European cities). Retrieved from,85298,14412922,Sztokholm__Ekologiczna_perelka_europejskich_miast.html (date of access: 2019/11/18).

  • Types of PSZOK. Retrieved from (date of access: 2019/10/15).

  • Ustawa z dnia 13 września 1996 r. o utrzymaniu czystości i porządku w gminach (Dz.U. Nr 132, poz. 621 i 622).

  • Ustawa z dnia 1 lipca 2011 r. o zmianie ustawy o utrzymaniu czystości i porządku w gminach oraz niektórych innych ustaw (Dz.U. Nr 152, poz. 897).

  • Waste collection in historical cities. Retrieved from (date of access: 2019/11/25).


Journal + Issues