Comparative Analysis of Macro- and Microstructure of Printed Elements in the FDM, SLS and MJ Technologies

Natalia Majca-Nowak 1 , Ewelina Kluska 1  and Piotr Gruda 1
  • 1 Aviation Systems, Engineering Design Center, 02-256, Warsaw, Poland


The article presents research conducted with the project: ‘Additive manufacturing in conduction with optical methods used for optimization of 3D models’’ [2]. The article begins with the description of properties of the materials used in three different additive technologies – Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM), Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) and Material Jetting (MJ). The next part focuses on the comparative analysis of macro- and microstructure of specimens printed in order to test selected materials in additive technologies mentioned above. In this research two types of specimens were used: dumbbell specimens and rectangular prism with hole specimens. In order to observe macrostructure specimens, they were subjected to load test until it broke. In the case of observing microstructure, they were cut in some places. Each of described additive technologies characterizes by both different way of printing and used materials. These variables have a significant influence on macro- and microstructure and fracture appearance. FDM technology specimens printed of ABS material characterized by texture surface appearance. SLS technology specimens printed of PA12 material characterized by amorphous structure. MJ technology specimens printed of VeroWhite Plus material characterized by fracture appearance which had quasi- fatigue features. The microstructure of these specimens was uniform with visible inclusions.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Kluska E., Gruda P., Majca-Nowak N. The accuracy and the printing resolution comparison of different 3D printing technologies. Warsaw: Institute of Aviation, 2019.

  • [2] Kluska E., Gruda P., Majca-Nowak N. Additive manufacturing in conduction with optical methods used for optimization of 3D models. Warsaw: Institute of Aviation, 2018.

  • [3] Vishwakarma S., Pandey P., Gupta N. Characterization of ABS material: Review. Journal of Research in Mechanical Engineering. 5, 2017, Vol. 3, pages 13-16.

  • [4] Lammens N., De Baere I., Van Paepegem W. On the orthotropic elasto-plastic material response of additively manufactured polyamide 12. Zwijnaarde, Belgium: Ghen University, 2017.

  • [5] Schmid M., Amado A., Wegener K. Polymer powders for Selective Laser Sintering (SLS). Switzerland : API Conference - American Institute of Physics, 2015. Volume 1664.

  • [6] Hafsa M., Ibrahim M., Wahab M., Zahid M. Evaluation of FDM pattern with ABS and PLA material. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 2013, Vols. 465-466, pages 55-59.

  • [7] Niino T., Haraguchi H., Itagaki Y. Microstructural observation and mechanical property evaluation of plastic parts obtained by preheat free laser sintering. Japan: Institute of Industrial Science - Tokyo University, August 2012.

  • [8] Kassim N, Saidin Wahab M, Yusof Y. Bali Physical properties and fracture surface of acrylic denture bases processed by conventional and vacuum casting fabrication technique. 12th International Conference on QiR (Quality in Research), 2011. ISSN 114-1284.

  • [9] Bourell D., Leu M., Rosen D. Rodamap for Additive Manufacturing: Identifying the Future of Freeform Processing. Austin: Tech Rep, 2009.

  • [10] Zarringhalam H., Hopkinson N., Kamperman N.F., de Vlieger J.J. Effects of processing on microstructure and properties of SLS nylon 12. United Kingdom: Loughborough University, 2008.

  • [11] ABS-acrylonitrile butadiene styrene. [Online] 2003.

  • [12] M., Stocker. From Rapid Prototyping to Rapid Manufacturing. Auto Technology. 2002, Vol. 2, pages 38-40.

  • [13] Rodriguez J., Thomas J., Renaud J. Characterization of the mesostructure of styrene materials. Rapid Prototyping Journal. 3, 2000, Vol. 6, pages 175-185.

  • [14] Bernal C., Frontini P., Sforza M., Bibbo M. Microstructure, Deformation, and Fracture Behavior of Commercial ABS Resins. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. DOI: 10.1002/app.1995.070580101, October 1995.


Journal + Issues