Biomechanics – Elastic Foundation Applied in Modelling of Calcaneal Nails

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Abstract

This paper presents a strength analysis of a calcaneal nail (material Ti6Al4V and stainless steel) which is used to treat complex heel fractures. The application focuses on a unique calcaneal nail, the C-NAIL, produced by Medin a.s. (Nové Město na Moravě, Czech Republic). The paper first presents an analysis of fracture types, treatment methods and loading of the calcaneus. It then presents an analysis of limit conditions and loading. Calculations (displacement and stress) are performed for 6 and 7 fixing screws using FEM (Ansys Workbench 14 software). The calculation involves a new, original application of an elastic foundation, which effectively replaces the complex interaction of the calcaneal nail and the heel bone.

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