Cooper and Shuttle Run Test in Young Students: Results and Correlations

Open access

Abstract

Young people performance is often used to define the well-being and physical activity level. Several studies were assessed in school environments where more sedentary students were recruitable. As such, over 3800 students were tested with Shuttle Run Test (5m x 10) and Cooper endurance test during Physical Education classes. Shuttle Run Test was assessed according to the instructions given by Eurofit battery while the endurance trial was run in the playing field of each school. All phases of the test were run by teachers who collected data. During growth, males and females followed different trends: females showed the highest peak between 11 and 12 years while males between 13 and 14 years. Between 11 and 14 females increased their weight by about 10 kgs, while males gained 16 kgs. During Shuttle Run Test, the mean time spent performing the trial was 19,27 sec (M) and 20,25 sec (F). In both sexes the 13 and 14 year-old students were quickest while the 12 year-old students were the slowest. Males performed the test between 3200 m and 810 m while females performed 1795 m (on average). Statistical differences were found only between Cooper test and gender in all age groups. Disinclination for active life style is widespread however school education programs could reach all young people and arrange the tendency of students towards sport and well being.

References
  • Baquet, G., Berthoin, M., Gerbeaux, E., & Van Praagh E. (2001). High intensity aerobic training during a 10 week one-hour physical education cycle: effects on physical fitness of adolescents aged 11 to 16. International Journal of SportsMedicine, 22, 295-300.

  • Casajús, J. A., Leiva, M. T., Villarroya, A., Legaz, A., & Moreno L. A. (2007). Physical performance and school physical education in overweight Spanish children. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, 51(3), 288-296.

  • Council of Europe. (1998). Eurofit: handbook for the EUROFIT tests of Physical fitness. Rome: Secretariat of the Committee for the Development of Sport within the Council of Europe.

  • Hebbelinck, M., Clarys, P., & De Malsche, A. (1999). Growth, development, and physical fitness of Flemish vegetarian children, adolescents, and young adults. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 70, 579S-85S.

  • Freitas, D. L., Maia, J., Beunen, G. P., Claessens, A. L., Thomis, M. A., Marques A. T., Crespo M., & Lefevre J. A. (2007). Socio-economic status, growth, physical activity and fitness: the Madeira Growth Study. Annals of HumanBiology, 34(1), 107-122.

  • Lovecchio, N., Bussetti, M., & Eid, L. (2009). Flexibilty and abdominal strength among young student: Eurofit protocol. European Journal of Physical & HealthEducation, 1(1), 19-23.

  • Lovecchio, N., Casolo, F., Invernizzi, P. L., & Eid, L. (2012). Strenght in young Italian students: results from Eurofit test and comparison among European data. Polish Journal of Sport and Tourisme, 5(19), 13-15.

  • Ortega, F. B., Ruiz, J. R., Castillo, M. J., Moreno, L. A., González-Gross, M., Wärnberg, J., & Gutiérrez, A. (2005). Low level of physical fitness in Spanish adolescents. Relevance for future cardiovascular health (AVENA study). Revista Espaniola de Cardiologia, 58(8), 898-909.

  • Ozdirenç, M., Ozcan, A., Akin, F., & Gelecek, N. (2005). Physical fitness in rural children compared with urban children in Turkey. Pediatrics International, 47(1), 26-31.

  • Tsimeas, P. D., Tsiokanos, A. L., Koutedakis, Y., Tsigilis, N., & Kellis, S. (2005). Does living in urban or rural settings affect aspects of physical fitness in children? An allometric approach. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(9), 671-4.

  • The Cooper Institute. Available online at http://www.cooperinstitue.org. (Accessed June 2012).

  • Vaeyens, R., Malina, R. M., Janssens, M., Van Renterghem, B., Bourgois, J., Vrijens, J., & Philippaerts, R. M. (2006). A multidisciplinary selection model for youth soccer: the Ghent Youth Soccer Project. British Journal of Sports Medicine,40(11), 928-34.

  • van de Vliet, P., Rintala, P., Fröjd, K., Verellen, J., van Houtte, S., Daly, D. J., & Vanlandewijck, Y. C. (2006). Physical fitness profile of elite athletes with intellectual disability. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 16(6), 417-25.

  • www.cooperinstitue.org

Sport Science Review

The Journal of National Institute for Sport Research

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 14 14 14
PDF Downloads 1 1 1