Forest habitats and forest types on chernozems in south-eastern Poland

Abstract

The objective of the study is the presentation of the chemical properties of forest chernozems and the features of forest habitats developed on chernozems in south-eastern Poland. The assessment of the trophic status of chernozems was presented based on the Trophic Soil Index (SIG). Moreover, the paper presents the diversity of forest vegetation on chernozems. The research covered 15 plots from the habitat inventory performed for the Mircze and Strzelce Forest Districts (SE Poland). Habitat conditions were characterised on the research plots, with particular consideration of the soil and vegetation. The analysed soils were featured by the presence of thick humus horizons and the occurrence of calcium carbonate. High SIG values confirm the eutrophic status of the analysed soils. In general, fresh and wet habitats of broadleaved forests (Lśw and Lw), as well as fresh habitats of broadleaved upland forest (Lwyżśw) develop on chernozems in Poland. They are associated with multi-species broadleaved tree stands. The conducted research indicates that, in current environmental conditions, the potential plant community is oak-hornbeam forest with predominance of oak, hornbeam, and abundant admixtures of other broadleaved species. High trophic status of the analysed chernozems is confirmed by high bonitation of tree stands and richness of forest floor vegetation.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Błońska E., Lasota J., Gruba P., 2016. Effect of temperate forest tree species on soil dehydrogenase and urease activities in relation to other properties of soil derived from loess and glaciofluvial sand. Ecological Research 31(5): 655–664.

  • Błońska E., Lasota J., Gruba P., 2017. Enzymatic activity and stabilization of organic matter in soil with different detritus inputs. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 63: 242–247.

  • Błońska E., Klamerus-Iwan A., Lasota J., Gruba P., Pach M., Pretzsch H., 2018. What Characteristics of Soil Fertility Can Improve in Mixed Stands of Scots Pine and European Beech Compared with Monospecific Stands? Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 49: 237–247.

  • Börjesson G., Bolinder M.A., Kirchmann H., Kätterer T., 2018. Organic carbon stocks in topsoil and subsoil in long-term ley and cereal monoculture rotations. Biology and Fertility of Soils 54: 549–558.

  • Borowiec J., 1964. Some aspects of chernozems occurrence on loess of the Lublin Upland. Soil Science Annual 14: 303–312.

  • Brożek S., Lasota J., Zwydak M., Wanic T., Gruba P., Błońska E., 2011. Application of the trophic soil index (SIG) in the diagnosis forest site types. Soil Science Annual 62: 133–149.

  • De Vos B., Cools N., Ilvesniemi H., Vesterdal L., Vanguelova E. & Carnicelli S. (2015). Benchmark values for forest soil carbon stocks in Europe: Results from a large scale forest soil survey. Geoderma 251–252: 33–46.

  • Eckmeier E., Gerlach R., Gehrt E., Schmidt M.W.I., 2007. Pedogenesis of Chernozems in Central Europe – A review. Geoderma 139: 288–299.

  • Forest in Poland. Lasy w Polsce 2018. CILP, Warszawa.

  • Gruba P., 2004. Aluminum (Al) toxicity in forest soils. Sylwan 1: 50–56.

  • Iturrate-Garcia M., O’Brien M.J., Khitum O., Abiven S., Niklaus P.A., Schaepman-Strub G., 2016. Interactive effects between plant functional types and soil factors on tundra species diversity and community composition. Ecology and Evolution 6: 8126–8137.

  • Kabała C., 2019. Chernozem (czarnoziem) – Soil of the Year 2019 in Poland. Origin, classification and properties of chernozems in Poland. Soil Science Annual 70(3): 184–192.

  • Klasyfikacja Gleb Leśnych Polski. 2000. CILP Warszawa

  • Kondracki J., 1977. Physico-geographical regions of Poland. Publisher of the University of Warsaw, Warsaw.

  • Kowaliński S., Licznar M., Drozd J., Licznar S.E., 1987. Micromorphological interpretation of physico-chemical processes running in chernozems in soils of different Poland’s region. Soil Science Annual 38: 78–100.

  • Lasota J., Pacanowski P., Zwydak M., 2010. Soil of the plant community in the ekstern Baltic Lakelands. Studia i Materiały Centrum Edukacji Przyrodniczo-Leśnej, Rogów, 2: 328–340.

  • Lasota J., Brożek S., Zwydak M., Wanic T. 2011. Soil diversity of the rich beech and oak-hornbeam forest comunities. Soil Science Annual 62: 93–108.

  • Lasota J, Błońska E., 2013. Forest Site Science in the Polish Lowlands and Highlands; Scientific Papers; University of Agriculture in Krakow, Kraków, Poland.

  • Licznar M., 1976. Properties and genesis of some chernozem soils of the Głubczyckie Tableland. Soil Science Annual 24(4): 107–148.

  • Łabaz B., Kabała C., 2014. Origin, properties and classification of “black earths” in Poland. Soil Science Annual 64(2): 80–90.

  • Marinho M.A., Pereira M.W.M., Vázquez E.V., Lado M., González A.P., 2017. Depth distribution of soil organic carbon in an Oxisol under different land uses: Stratification indices and multifractal analysis. Geoderma 287: 126–134.

  • Operat siedliskowy dla Nadleśnictwa Mircze, 2009. Biuro Urzą-dzania Lasu i Geodezji Leśnej w Lublinie.

  • Operat siedliskowy dla Nadleśnictwa Strzelce, 2015. Biuro Urzą-dzania Lasu i Geodezji Leśnej w Lublinie.

  • Ostrowska A., Gawliński S., Szczubiałka Z., 2001. Methods of analysis and assessment of soil and plant properties. Institute of Environmental Protection, Warszawa: 334 pp.

  • Paluszek J., 1995. Changes in soil structure and physical properties of chernozems under the influence of water erosion. Soil Science Annual 46: 21–35.

  • Siedliskowe podstawy hodowli lasu. CILP. Warszawa 2003.

  • Systematyka gleb Polski, 2019. Polskie Towarzystwo Gleboznawcze, Komisja Genezy Klasyfikacji i Kartografii Gleb. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego we Wrocławiu, Polskie Towarzystwo Gleboznawcze, Wrocław-Warszawa: 293 pp.

  • Zielony R., Kliczkowska A., 2012. The regionalization of nature and forest of Poland 2010. CILP. Warszawa

  • Zwydak M., Błońska E., Lasota J., 2017. Organic carbon accumulation in soil of different forest site types. Sylwan 161(1): 62–70.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search