Mobility and distribution of barium and strontium in profiles of podzolic soils

  • 1 Institute of Environmental Protection - National Research Institute ul. Krucza 5/11, 00-548 Warszawa Warsaw University Life Sciences, Department of Soil Environment Sciences ul. Nowoursynowska 157, 02-766 Warszawa


The study was aimed at determining the content, distribution and mobility of barium and strontium in various forest podzol soils. Samples with a wide range of chemical and physical properties were collected from typical uncontaminated soils of south-western Poland. The total metal content in the analyzed soils was considered as the geochemical background thanks to the natural features of the study site. Sequential chemical extraction procedure were used to provide information on the mobility and bioavailability of the studied metals in the soil. Fractions of Ba and Sr were determined using the five-step procedure of Tessier et al. (1979). The results show that heavy metals were generally represented by the exchangeable fraction (F1 . barium) and the residual fraction (F5 . strontium) with the average values at 53 and 69%, respectively. The mobility of barium in all soil profiles was very high, ranging within 52.54% and indicating a generally high availability and mobility. Relatively very low levels of the trace elements were found in the fraction bound to organic matter (F4: 3.8%). Very low levels of strontium were found also in the fraction bound to carbonates (F2: 2.3%). Humic-eluvial, illuvial and sideric horizons were enriched in the fractions of barium and strontium bound to iron and manganese oxides (F3).

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