This paper aims at discussing the function of deliberate metaphors in humorous narratives due to the similarities in mechanisms underlying both elements of language. This corpus-based analysis has shown the relation between deliberate metaphors and elements of the knowledge resources of the General Theory of Verbal Humor (GTVH). The study has revealed that if deliberate metaphors are part of humorous narratives, they are more likely to be the source of the funniness rather than the transit system which conveys the metaphors themselves. With this in mind, it is possible to assess the extent to which deliberate metaphors contribute to humor.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Attardo, S., & Raskin, V. (1991). Script theory revis(it)ed: Joke similarity and joke representation model. HUMOR – International Journal of Humor Research, 4(3–4), 293–347. https://doi.org/10.1515/humr.1991.4.3–4.293
Attardo, S. (2001). Humorous texts: A semantic and pragmatic analysis. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Attardo, S. (2015). Humorous metaphors. In G. Brône, K. Feyaerts & T. Veale (Eds.), Cognitive linguistics and humor research (pp. 13–48). Berlin and Boston, MA: Mouton de Gruyter.
Attardo, S. (2017). The general theory of verbal humor. In S. Attardo (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of language and humor (pp. 126–142). New York: Routledge.
Burgers, C., Brugman, B. C., Renardel de Lavalette, K. Y., & Steen, G. J. (2016). HIP: A method for linguistic hyperbole identification in discourse. Metaphor and Symbol, 31(3), 163–178. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926488.2016.1187041
Carter, B. & Craig, T. (Producers). (2005–2014). How I met your mother [Television series]. Retrieved from http://www.netflix.com
Pragglejaz Group. (2007). MIP: A method for identifying metaphorically used words in discourse. Metaphor and Symbol, 22(1), 1–39.
Raskin, V. (1985). Semantic mechanisms of humor. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: D. Reider Publishing Company.
Reijnierse, W. G. (2017). The value of deliberate metaphor. Utrecht, The Netherlands: LOT, Netherlands Graduate School.
Reijnierse, W. G., Burgers, C., Krennmayr, T., & Steen, G. J. (2018). DMIP: A method for identifying potentially deliberate metaphor in language use. Corpus Pragmatics, 2(2), 129–147. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41701-017-0026-7
Šorm, E., & Steen, G. J. (2018). VISMIP: Towards a method for visual metaphor identification. In G. Steen (Ed.), Visual metaphor: Structure and process (pp. 47–88). Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Steen, G. (2011). From three dimensions to five steps: The value of deliberate metaphor. Metaphorik, 21, 83–110.
Steen, G., Dorst, A. G., Herrmann, J. B., Kaal, A. A., Krennmayr, T., & Pasma, T. (2010). A method for linguistic metaphor identification: From MIP to MIPVU. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Tsakona, V. (2013). Okras and the metapragmatic stereotypes of humour. In M. Dynel (Ed.), Developments in linguistic humour theory (pp. 25–48). Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.