There are several reasons for the English language to become lingua franca of aviation including some historical turning points for the world aviation and some specific linguistic features of the language itself. This paper aims to firstly present a short, yet interesting history of implementation of English as standardized language for aviation. It will provide introductory historical background, establishment of arguments necessary for standardization and leading to the implementation of the Language Proficiency Requirements (LPRs) within the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). It will then provide an overview of the ICAO’s actions to support its members states in implementation of the English language standards for aviation and try to evaluate the effects based on the powers granted to the Organization. Such evaluation will be presented in the comparative perspective with the powers and instruments used within the European Union to achieve the same goal - standardization of the aviation English.
Abeyratne R.I.R. (2012). Air Navigation Law. Heidelberg Dordrecht London New York: Springer.
Breul C. (2013). Language in aviation: The relevance of linguistics and relevance theory, LSP Journal, 4, 1, 71-86.
Cookson S. (2009). Zagreb and Tenerife: Airline Accidents Involving Linguistic Factors, Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, 32, 3, 22.1-22.14.
Cutting J. (2012). English for airport ground staff, English for Specific Purposes, 31, 3-13.
Dempsey P.S. (1992). The State of the Airline, Airport and Aviation Industries, Transportation Law Journal, 21, 1,129-214.
Fitzgerald G.F. (1970). The Development of the Authentic Trilingual Text of the Convention on International Civil Aviation, The American Journal of International Law, 64, 2, 364-371.
Garzone G., Catino M., Gobo G., Bait M., Catenaccio P., Degano Ch., Rozzi S. (2010). Towards and Integrated Model for Understanding of Communication Failures in Aviation Accidents: Tenuous Identities under Pressure. In G. Garzone, J. Archibald (Eds.), Discourse, Identities and Roles in Specialized Communication (pp. 209-244). Bern: Peter Lang.
Jones R.K. (2003). Miscommunication between pilots and air traffic control, Language Problems & Language Planning, 27, 3, 233-248.
Knoch U. (2014). Using subject specialists to validate an ESP rating scale: The case of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) rating scale, English for Specific Purposes, 33, 77-86.
Kralewski P. (2010). ICAO Level 4 - prawdy i mity o egzaminach z języka angielskiego w ULC. Wywiad z Katarzyną Krasnodębską - Rzecznikiem Polskiego Urzędu Lotnictwa Cywilnego (ICAO Level 4 - truths and myths about the English exam at PCAA. Interview with Katarzyna Krasnodębska - the Spokeswoman for the Polish Civil Aviation Authority) 18.11.2010, Retrieved August 28, 2015 from: http://dlapilota.pl/wiadomosci/dlapilota/icao-level-4-prawdy-i-mity-o-egzaminach-z-jezyka-angielskiego-w-ulc.
Moder C.L. (2014). Aviation English. In B. Paltridge, S. Starfield, The handbook of English for Specific Purposes (pp. 227-242). Chichester: Wiley Blackwell.
Moder C.L and Halleck G.B. (2009). Planes, politics and oral proficiency. Testing international air traffic controllers. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, 32, 3, 25.1-25.16.
Nevile M. (2004). Beyond the Black Box: Talk-In-Interaction in the Airline Cockpit (Directions in Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis). Aldershot: Ashgate Pub Ltd.
Seiler W. (2009). English as a lingua franca in aviation, English Today, 25, 2, 43-48.
Shawcross P. Social, safety and economic impacts of global language testing in aviation, Aviation English Academy. Retrived September 1, 2015 from https://aviationenglishacademy.com.au/resources/social-safety-and-economic-impacts-of-global-language-testing-in-aviation/
Tajima A. (2004). Fatal miscommunication: English in aviation safety, World Englishes, 23, 3, 451-470.
Wagner W. J. (1970). International Air Transportation as Affected by State Sovereignty. Bruxelles: Etablissements Emile Bruylant.
Weber L. (2007). International Civil Aviation Organization. Introduction, Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International.