In this paper I will consider several interpretations of the fallacy of secundum quid as it is given by Aristotle in the Sophistical Refutations and argue that they do not work, one reason for which is that they all imply that the fallacy depends on language and thus fail to explain why Aristotle lists this fallacy among the fallacies not depending on language (extra dictione), amounting often to a claim that Aristotle miscategorises this fallacy. I will argue for a reading that preserves Aristotle’s categorization by a quite different account of how qualifications function.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Aristotle. (1941). Metaphysics. In Richard McKeon (ed.) The Basic Works of Aris- totle tr. W.D. Ross. New York: Random House
-. (1941). Posterior Analytics. In Richard McKeon (ed.) The Basic Works of Aristotle tr. Hugh Tredennick. New York: Random House
-. (1941). Sophistical Refutations. In Richard McKeon (ed.) The Basic Works of Aristotle tr. W.A. Pickard-Cambridge. New York: Random House
Botting, David. (2012). The two one fallacy theory theory. In Philosophical and Formal Approaches to Linguistic Analysis ed. Piotr Stalmaszczyk. Frankfurt, Paris, Lancaster, New Brunswick: Ontos Verlag
Buridan, Jean. (2001). Summulae de dialectica tr. Gyula Klima. New Haven and London: Yale University Press
Kirwan, Christopher. (1979). Aristotle and the so-called fallacy of equivocation. The Philosophical Quarterly, 29(114), 35-46
Knuuttila, S., & Hintikka, J. (Eds.). (1986). The Logic of Being: Historical Studies (Vol. 28). Springer.
Tindale, C.W. (2007). Fallacies and argument appraisal. New York: Cambridge University Press Van Eemeren, F. H., & Grootendorst, R. (1987). Fallacies in pragma-dialectical perspective. Argumentation, 1(3), 283-301.
Walton, Douglas. (2005). Argumentation methods in artificial intelligence in law.
-. (1999). Rethinking the fallacy of hasty generalization. Argumentation, 13(2), 161-182 170