Who Is Afraid of Skilled Migrants From Europe? Exploring Support for Immigration Control in Switzerland

Open access

Abstract

The paper analyses the role of economic and cultural threat in exploring support for immigration control in Switzerland. A factorial survey experiment enables us to look into different migrant characteristics. Results show more support for immigration control for Eastern Europeans and low-skilled migrants. However, German migrants do not gain acceptance due to being highly skilled, and their willingness to adapt culturally is crucial for native Swiss with a high level of national pride.

7 References

  • Ackermann, Maya and Markus Freitag. 2015. What Actually Matters? Understanding Attitudes Toward Immigration in Switzerland. Swiss Political Science Review 21(1): 36–47.

  • Allport, Gordon W. 1954. The Nature of Prejudice. Reading: Addison Wesley.

  • Auspurg, Katrin and Thomas Hinz. 2015. Factorial Survey Experiments. Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences 175. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

  • Blinder, Scott. 2015. Imagined Immigration: The Impact of Different Meanings of “Immigrants” in Public Opinion and Policy Debates in Britain. Political Studies 63(1): 80–100.

  • Blumer, Herbert. 1958. Race Prejudice as a Sense of Group Position. Pacific Sociological Review 1(1): 3–7.

  • Ceobanu, Alin M. and Xavier Escandell. 2010. Comparative Analyses of Public Attitudes Toward Immigrants and Immigration Using Multinational Survey Data: A Review of Theories and Research. Annual Review of Sociology 36(1): 309–328.

  • Chandler, Charles R. and Yung-mei Tsai. 2001. Social Factors Influencing Immigration Attitudes: An Analysis of Data from the General Social Survey. The Social Science Journal 38(2): 177–188.

  • Chow, Gregory C. 1960. Tests of Equality Between Sets of Coefficients in Two Linear Regressions. Econometrica 28(3): 591–605.

  • Czymara, Christian S. and Alexander W. Schmidt-Catran. 2016. Wer ist in Deutschland willkommen? Eine Vignettenanalyse zur Akzeptanz von Einwanderern. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 68(2): 193–227.

  • Dancygier, Rafaela M. and David D. Laitin. 2014. Immigration Into Europe: Economic Discrimination, Violence, and Public Policy. Annual Review of Political Science 17(1): 43–64.

  • Facchini, Giovanni and Anna Maria Mayda. 2012. Individual Attitudes Towards Skilled Migration: An Empirical Analysis Across Countries. World Economy 35(2): 183–196.

  • Freitag, Markus, Adrian Vatter, and Sean Mueller. 2015. Switzerland’s Immigration Challenge. Viewpoints and Insights in the Aftermath of the Mass Immigration Initiative. Swiss Political Science Review 21(1): 1–4.

  • Guimond, Serge, Roxane de la Sablonnière, and Armelle Nugier. 2014. Living in a Multicultural World: Intergroup Ideologies and the Societal Context of Intergroup Relations. European Review of Social Psychology 25(1): 142–188.

  • Hainmueller, Jens and Michael J. Hiscox. 2010. Attitudes Toward Highly Skilled and Low-Skilled Immigration: Evidence From a Survey Experiment. American Political Science Review 104(1): 61–84.

  • Hainmueller, Jens and Daniel J. Hopkins. 2014. Public Attitudes Toward Immigration. Annual Review of Political Science 17(1): 225–249.

  • Hatton, Timothy J. 2014. The Economics of International Migration: A Short History of the Debate. Labour Economics 30: 43–50.

  • Helbling, Marc. 2011. Why Swiss-Germans Dislike Germans. European Societies 13(1): 5–27.

  • Helbling, Marc and Hanspeter Kriesi. 2014. Why Citizens Prefer High-Over Low-Skilled Immigrants: Labor Market Competition, Welfare State, and Deservingness. European Sociological Review 30(5): 595–614.

  • Hello, Evelyn, Peer Scheepers, and Mérove Gijsberts. 2002. Education and Ethnic Prejudice in Europe: Explanations for Cross-National Variances in the Educational Effect on Ethnic Prejudice. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research 46(1): 5–24.

  • Hjerm, Mikael. 1998. National Identities, National Pride and Xenophobia: A Comparison of Four Western Countries. Acta Sociologica 41(4): 335–347.

  • Iyengar, Shanto, Simon Jackman, Solomon Messing, Nicholas Valentino, Toril Aalberg, Raymond Duch, Kyu S. Hahn, Stuart Soroka, Allison Harell, and Tetsuro Kobayashi. 2013. Do Attitudes About Immigration Predict Willingness to Admit Individual Immigrants? A Cross-National Test of the Person-Positivity Bias. Public Opinion Quarterly 77(3): 641–665.

  • Lewin-Epstein, Noah, and Asaf Levanon. 2005. National Identity and Xenophobia in an Ethnically Divided Society. International Journal on Multicultural Societies 7(2): 90–118.

  • Malhotra, Neil, Yotam Margalit, and Cecilia Hyunjung Mo. 2013. Economic Explanations for Opposition to Immigration: Distinguishing Between Prevalence and Conditional Impact. American Journal of Political Science 57(2): 391–410.

  • Manevska, Katerina and Peter Achterberg. 2013. Immigration and Perceived Ethnic Threat: Cultural Capital and Economic Explanations. European Sociological Review 29(3): 437–449.

  • Mayda, Anna Maria. 2006. Who Is Against Immigration? A Cross-Country Investigation of Individual Attitudes Toward Immigrants. Review of Economics and Statistics 88(3): 510–530.

  • Meuleman, Bart, Eldad Davidov, and Jaak Billiet. 2009. Changing Attitudes Toward Immigration in Europe, 2002–2007: A Dynamic Group Conflict Theory Approach. Social Science Research 38(2): 352–365.

  • O’Connell, Michael. 2011. How Do High-Skilled Natives View High-Skilled Immigrants? A Test of Trade Theory Predictions. European Journal of Political Economy 27(2): 230–240.

  • Pottie-Sherman, Yolande and Rima Wilkes. 2017. Does Size Really Matter? On the Relationship Between Immigrant Group Size and Anti-Immigrant Prejudice. International Migration Review Early View 51(1): 218–250.

  • Quillian, Lincoln. 1995. Prejudice as a Response to Perceived Group Threat: Population Composition and Anti-Immigrant and Racial Prejudice in Europe. American Sociological Review 60(4): 586–611.

  • Scheve, Kenneth F. and Matthew J. Slaughter. 2001. Labor Market Competition and Individual Preferences Over Immigration Policy. Review of Economics and Statistics 83(1): 133–145.

  • Schmidt-Catran, Alexander W. and Dennis C. Spies. 2016. Immigration and Welfare Support in Germany. American Sociological Review 81(2): 242–261.

  • Sciarini, Pascal, Alessandro Nai, and Anke Tresch. 2014. Analyse der eidgenössischen Abstimmungen vom 9. Februar 2014. VOX Analysen eidgenössischer Urnengänge. Bern/Geneva.

  • Semyonov, Moshe, Rebeca Raijman, and Anastasia Gorodzeisky. 2006. The Rise of Anti-Foreigner Sentiment in European Societies, 1988–2000. American Sociological Review 71(3): 426–449.

  • Sides, John and Jack Citrin. 2007. European Opinion About Immigration: The Role of Identities, Interests and Information. British Journal of Political Science 37(3): 477–504.

  • Sniderman, Paul M., Louk Hagendoorn, and Markus Prior. 2004. Predisposing Factors and Situational Triggers: Exclusionary Reactions to Immigrant Minorities. American Political Science Review 98(1): 35–49.

  • Spies, Dennis C. and Alexander Schmidt-Catran. 2016. Migration, Migrant Integration and Support for Social Spending: The Case of Switzerland. Journal of European Social Policy 26(1): 32–47.

  • Theiler, Tobias. 2004. The Origins of Euroscepticism in German-Speaking Switzerland. European Journal of Political Research 43(4): 635–656.

  • Wagner, Ulrich, Rolf van Dick, Thomas F. Pettigrew, and Oliver Christ. 2003. Ethnic Prejudice in East and West Germany: The Explanatory Power of Intergroup Contact. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations 6(1): 22–36.

  • Weins, Cornelia. 2011. Gruppenbedrohung oder Kontakt? Ausländeranteile, Arbeitslosigkeit und Vorurteile in Deutschland. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 63(3): 481–499.

  • Zamora-Kapoor, Anna, Petar Kovincic, and Charles Causey. 2013. Anti-Foreigner Sentiment: State of the Art. Sociology Compass 7(4): 303–314.

  • Zárate, Michael A., Berenice Garcia, Azenett A. Garza, and Robert T. Hitlan. 2004. Cultural Threat and Perceived Realistic Group Conflict as Dual Predictors of Prejudice. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 40(1): 99–105.

Swiss Journal of Sociology

Revue Suisse de sociologie/ Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Soziologie

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 22 22 22
PDF Downloads 6 6 6