This paper addresses homogamy and assortative mating in Switzerland. The empirical analysis monitors trends for education and hourly wages using the Swiss Labour Force Survey and the Swiss Household Panel. The analysis disentangles the effects of educational expansion from mating patterns and incorporates not only couples, but also singles. Results show an increasing level of assortative mating both for education and for wages. For wage homogamy, selection is more important than adaptation.
Balestra, Simone and Uschi Backes-Gellner. 2017. Heterogeneous Returns to Education Over the Wage Distribution: Who Profits the Most? Labour Economics 44: 89–105.
Becker, Rolf and Christoph Zangger. 2013. Die Bildungsexpansion in der Schweiz und ihre Folgen. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 65(3): 423–449.
Black, Sandra E. and Paul J. Devereux. 2011. Recent Developments in Intergenerational Mobility. Pp. 1487–1541 in Handbook of Labor Economics Vol. 4B, edited by David Card and Orley Ashenfelter. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Blossfeld, Hans-Peter. 2009. Educational Assortative Marriage in Comparative Perspective. Annual Review of Sociology 35: 513–530.
Blossfeld, Hans-Peter and Andreas Timm. 2003. Who Marries Whom? Educational Systems as Marriage Markets in Modern Societies. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Breen, Richard and Leire Salazar. 2011. Educational Assortative Mating and Earnings Inequality in the United States. American Journal of Sociology 117(3): 808–843.
Breen, Richard and Leire Salazar. 2010. Has Increased Women’s Educational Attainment Led to Greater Earnings Inequality in the United Kingdom? A Multivariate Decomposition Analysis. European Sociological Review 26(2): 143–157.
Brines, Julie. 1994. Economic Dependency, Gender, and the Division of Labor at Home. American Journal of Sociology 100(3): 652–688.
Budría, Santiago and Pedri Telhado-Pereira. 2011. Educational Qualifications and Wage Inequality: Evidence for Europe. Revista de Economía Aplicada 19(56): 5–34.
Bühlmann, Felix and Céline Schmid Botkine (eds.). 2012. Rapport social 2012: Générations en jeu. Zurich: Seismo Press.
Chadwick, Laura and Gary Solon. 2002. Intergenerational Income Mobility Among Daughters. American Economic Review 92(1): 335–344.
Collins, Randall. 1971. Functional and Conflict Theories of Educational Stratification. American Sociological Review 36(6): 1002–1019.
Diekmann, Andreas and Kurt Schmidheiny. 2001. Education and Marriage. An Event-History Analysis of Swiss Family Biographies. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Soziologie 27(2): 241–254.
Dribe, Martin and Paul Nystedt. 2013. Educational Homogamy and Gender-Specific Earnings: Sweden, 1990–2009. Demography 50(4): 1197–1216.
Esping-Andersen, Gøsta. 2007. Sociological Explanations of Changing Income Distributions. American Behavioral Scientist 50(5): 639–658.
Esping-Andersen, Gøsta and John Myles. 2011. Economic Inequality and the Welfare State. Pp. 639−664 in The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality, edited by Brian Nolan, Wiemer Salverda, and Timothy M. Smeeding. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fernandez, Rarquel, Nezih Guner, and John Knowles. 2005. Love and Money: Inequality, Education, and Marital Sorting. Quarterly Journal of Economics 120(1): 273–344.
Förster, Michael. 2000. Trends and Driving Factors in Income Inequality and Poverty in the OECD Area. OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Paper No. 42. Paris. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/488747757407 (27.02.2017)
Goode, William J. 1963. World Revolution and Family Patterns. New York: Free Press.
Grotti, Raffaele and Stefani Scherer. 2016. Does Gender Equality Increase Economic Inequality? Evidence From Five Countries. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 45: 13–26.
Hou, Feng and John Myles. 2008. The Changing Role of Education in the Marriage Market: Assortative Marriage in Canada and the United States Since the 1970s. Canadian Journal of Sociology 33(2): 337–366.
Hu, Anning and Zhenchao Qian. 2016. Does Higher Education Expansion Promote Educational Homogamy? Evidence from Married Couples of the Post-80s Generation in Shanghai, China. Social Science Research 60: 148–162.
Kalmijn, Matthijs. 1998. Intermarriage and Homogamy: Causes, Patterns, Trends. Annual Review of Sociology 24: 395–421.
Kalmijn, Matthijs. 1994. Assortative Mating by Cultural and Economic Occupational Status. American Journal of Sociology 100(2): 422–452.
Kremer, Michael. 1997. How Much Does Sorting Increase Inequality? Quarterly Journal of Economics 112(1): 115–139.
Kuhn, Ursina and Laura Ravazzini. 2017. The Impact of Assortative Mating on Income Inequality in Switzerland. FORS Working papers, 2017–1.
Lemieux, Thomas. 2006. Increasing Residual Wage Inequality: Composition Effects, Noisy Data, or Rising Demand for Skill? The American Economic Review 96(3): 461–498.
Leuven, Edwin, Hessel Oosterbeek, and Hans Van Ophem. 2004. Explaining International Differences in Male Skill Wage Differentials by Differences in Demand and Supply of Skill. The Economic Journal 114(495): 466–486.
Liu, Haoming and Jingfeng Lu. 2006. Measuring the Degree of Assortative Mating. Economics Letters 92(3): 317–322.
Mare, Robert D. 1991. Five Decades of Educational Assortative Mating. American Sociological Review 56(1): 15–32.
McPherson, Miller, Lynn Smith-Lovin, and James M. Cook. 2001. Birds of a Feather: Homophily in Social Networks. Annual Review of Sociology 27: 415–444.
Nakosteen, Robert A., Olle Westerlund, and Michael A. Zimmer. 2004. Marital Matching and Earnings: Evidence from the Unmarried Population in Sweden. The Journal of Human Resources 39(4): 1033–1044.
Pestel, Nico. 2016. Marital Sorting, Inequality and the Role of Female Labour Supply: Evidence From East and West Germany. Economica 84(333): 104–127.
Schumacher, Reto and Luigi Lorenzetti. 2005. “We Have No Proletariat”: Social Stratification and Occupational Homogamy in Industrial Switzerland, Winterthur 1909/1910–1928. International Review of Social History 50(S13): 65–91.
Schwartz, Christine R. 2013. Trends and Variation in Assortative Mating: Causes and Consequences. Annual Review of Sociology 39: 451–470.
Schwartz, Christine R. 2010. Earnings Inequality and the Changing Association Between Spouses’ Earnings. American Journal of Sociology 115(5): 1524–1557.
Schwartz, Christine R. and Robert D. Mare. 2005. Trends in Educational Assortative Marriage From 1940 to 2003. Demography 42(4): 621–646.
Smits, Jeroen. 2003. Social Closure Among the Higher Educated: Trends in Educational Homogamy in 55 Countries. Social Science Research 32(2): 251–277.
Smits, Jeroen, Wout Ultee, and Jan Lammers. 2000. More or Less Educational Homogamy? A Test of Different Versions of Modernization Theory Using Cross-Temporal Evidence for 60 Countries. American Sociological Review 65(5): 781–788.
Smits, Jeroen, Wout Ultee, and Jan Lammers. 1998. Educational Homogamy in 65 Countries: An Explanation of Differences in Openness Using Country-Level Explanatory Variables. American Sociological Review 63(2): 264–285.
Sweeney, Megan M. and Maria Cancian. 2004. The Changing Importance of White Women’s Economic Prospects for Assortative Mating. Journal of Marriage and Family 66(4): 1015–1028.
Tillmann, Robin, Marieke Voorpostel, Ursina Kuhn, Florence Lebert, Valérie-Anne Ryser, Oliver Lipps, Boris Wernli, and Erika Antal. 2016. The Swiss Household Panel Study: Observing Social Change Since 1999. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies 7(1): 64–78.
Trostel, Philip, Ian Walker, and Paul Woolley. 2002. Estimates of the Economic Return to Schooling for 28 Countries. Labour Economics 9(1): 1–16.
Ultee, Wout C. and Ruud Luijkx. 1990. Educational Heterogamy and Father–to–Son Occupational Mobility in 23 Industrial Nations: General Societal Openness or Compensatory Strategies of Reproduction? European Sociological Review 6(2): 125–149.
Ultee, Wout C., Jos Dessens, and Wim Jansen. 1988. Why Does Unemployment Come in Couples? An Analysis of (Un)Employment and (Non)Employment Homogamy Tables for Canada, the Netherlands and the United States in the 1980s. European Sociological Review 4(2): 111–122.
Winkler, Anne E., Timothy McBride, and Courtney Andrews. 2005. Wives Who Outearn Their Husbands: A Transitory or Persistent Phenomenon for Couples? Demography 42(3): 523–535.
Zimmer, Michael. 1996. Assortative Mating and Ethnicity in the Low Wage Population: An Examination of Spouses’ Earnings. Applied Economic Letters 3(5): 311–315.