The Czech Pirate Party in the 2010 and 2013 Parliamentary Elections and the 2014 European Parliament Elections: Spatial Analysis of Voter Support

Open access

Abstract

The paper presents a spatial analysis of the Czech Pirate Party (Pirates) voter support in the 2010 and 2013 parliamentary elections and the 2014 European Parliament elections. The main method applied for classifying electoral results was the spatial autocorrelation and spatial regression. The result of the analysis has shown that territorial support for the Pirates copies to a great extent the areas of high support for right-wing parties and simultaneously the areas exemplified by a high development potential. In the case of spatial characteristics, little support for the Pirates was shown in Moravia and higher in the Sudetenland in terms of determinants of support. Additionally to spatial regimes, inter-regional support for the Pirates was also influenced by other non-spatial characteristics, although the strength of their influence was relatively weak. The units which embodied a successful environment for voting for the Pirates were particularly characterized by greater urbanization and a greater number of entrepreneurs, while a lack of jobs and the older age structure, i.e. the signs that in the socio-economic, or socio-ecological sense define peripheral areas, negatively impacted the gains of the Pirates. Ambiguous influence was exercised by college-educated inhabitants, who in the parliamentary elections in 2010 and 2013 decreased the gains of the Pirates, however, in the elections to the European Parliament in 2014 a direction of relationship was modified and turned positive.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • ANSELIN L. 1995. Local Indicators of Spatial Association–LISA. Geographical Analysis 27(2) pp. 93-115.

  • ANSELIN L. 2002. Under the hood: Issues in the specification and interpretation of spatial regression models. Agricultural Economics 27(3) pp. 247-267.

  • ANSELIN L. 2005. Exploring Spatial Data with GeoDaTM : A Workbook. Urbana: University of Illinois.

  • BERNARD J. 2014. Historické faktory jako vysvětlení prostorových vzorců volebního chování v postkomunistickém období. In: T. KOSTELECKÝ et al. Koho volí Vaši sousedé? Prostorové vzorce volebního chování na území Česka od roku 1920 do roku 2006 jejich změny a možné příčiny. Praha: SLON pp. 133-138.

  • BEYER J. 2014. The Emergence of a Freedom of Information Movement: Anonymous WikiLeaks the Pirate Party and Iceland. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 19(2) pp. 141-154.

  • BLAŽEK J. and NETRDOVÁ P. 2009. Can Development Axes Be Identified By Socio-economic Variables? The Case of Czechia. Geografie 114(4) pp. 245-262.

  • BOLLEYER N. LITTLE C. and NOSTIZ VON F. 2015. Implementing Democratic Equality in Political Parties: Organisational Consequences in the Swedish and the German Pirate Parties. Scandinavian Political Studies 38(2) pp. 158-178.

  • BRUNCLÍK M. 2010. Pirátské strany: nový fenomén v politice. Naše společnost 8(1) pp. 21-29.

  • BRUNSDON C. FOTHERINGHAM S. A. and CHARLTON M. E. 1996. Geographically Weighted Regression: A Method for Exploring Spatial Nonstationarity. Geographical Analysis 28(4) pp. 281-298.

  • BRUNSDON C. 2009. Statistical Inference for Geographical Processes. In: A.S. Fotheringham and P.A. Rogerson eds. The SAGE Handbook of Spatial Analysis. London: SAGE pp. 207-224.

  • COSSTICK A. 2009. OK Computer: File Sharing the Music Industry and Why We Need the Pirate Party. Journal of Media and Communication. [online] Available at: https://platformjmc.com/2014/10/29/ok-computer-file-sharing-the-music-industry-and-why-we-need-the-pirate-party-2009/ [Accessed November 19 2016]

  • CLIFF A.D. and ORD J. K. 1981. Spatial Processes: Models and Applications. London: Pion.

  • CZSO. Czech statistical office – Public database. [online] Available at: http://vdb.czso.cz/vdbvo/uvod.jsp [Accessed November 19 2016]

  • EMANUELE V. and CHIARAMONTE A. 2016. A growing impact of new parties: Myth or reality? Party system innovation in Western Europe after 1945. Party Politics First-View Article.

  • ERLINGSSON G. Ó. and PERSSON M. 2011. The Swedish Pirate Party and the 2009 European Parliament Election: Protest or Issue Voting? Politics 31(3) pp. 121-128.

  • FEŘTOVÁ M. and TEMELOVÁ J. 2011. Prostorová specifika strukturální nezaměstnanosti na úrovni obcí v České republice. Sociologický časopis 47(4) pp. 681-715.

  • FORTIN M. J. and DALE M. R. T. 2009. Spatial Autocorrelation. In: A.S. FOTHERINGHAM and P.A. ROGERSON eds. The SAGE Handbook of Spatial Analysis. London: SAGE pp. 89-104.

  • FOTHERINGHAM A. S. 2009. Geographically Weighted Regression. In: A.S. FOTHERINGHAM and P.A. ROGERSON eds. The SAGE Handbook of Spatial Analysis. London: SAGE pp. 243-253.

  • FOTHERINGHAM A. S. BRUNSDON C. and CHARLTON M. 2002. Geographically Weighted Regression: the analysis of spatially varying relationships. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

  • FREDRIKSSON M. 2015. The Pirate Party and the Politics of Communication. International Journal of Communication 9 pp. 909-924.

  • HARTLEB F. 2013. Anti-elitist cyber parties? Journal of Public Affairs 13(4) pp. 355-369.

  • HLOUŠEK V. and KOPEČEK L. 2008. Cleavages in the Contemporary Czech and Slovak Politics Between Persistence and Change. East European Politics & Societies 22(3) pp. 518-552.

  • CHARVÁT J. 2015. Pravice nebo levice? Analýza ideologie pirátských stran. Central European Journal of Politics 1(1) pp. 29-39.

  • KING G. 1996. Why Context Should Not Count. Political Geography 15(2) pp. 159-164.

  • KOSTELECKÝ T. and ČERMÁK D. 2004. Vliv teritoriálně specifických faktorů na formování politických orientací voličů. Sociologický časopis 40(4) pp. 469-487.

  • KOSTELECKÝ T. STACHOVÁ J. and ČERMÁK D. 2002. Region a politika. Praha: Sociologický ústav AV ČR.

  • KOUBA K. 2007. Prostorová analýza českého stranického systému. Institucionalizace a prostorové režimy. Sociologický časopis 43(5) pp. 1017-1037.

  • LINEK L. 2004. Volby do Evropského parlamentu 2004 - analýza volební účasti a stranické podpory v České republice. Praha: Sociologický ústav AV ČR.

  • LYONS P. 2012. Stranická identifikace a volební chování. In: L. LINEK ed. Voliči a volby 2010. Praha: SLON pp. 132-151.

  • LYONS P. and LINEK L. 2007. Povaha a zdroje stranické identifikace. In: T. LEBEDA L. LINEK P. LYONS and K. VLACHOVÁ et al. Voliči a volby 2006. Praha: Sociologický ústav AV ČR pp. 147-175.

  • LUCARDIE P. 2000. Prophets Purifiers and Prolocutors: Towards a Theory on the Emergence of New Parties. Party Politics 6(2) pp. 175-185.

  • MAŠKARINEC P. 2013. Obrat vpravo: Islandské parlamentní volby 2013. Evropská volební studia 8(1) pp. 75-87.

  • MAŠKARINEC P. 2014. Voličská základna švédské pirátské strany v letech 2006-2010. In: QAUERE 2014 vol. IV: Recenzovaný sborník interdisciplinární mezinárodní vědecké konference doktorandů aodborných asistentů. Hradec Králové: Magnanimitas pp. 501-510.

  • MAŠKARINEC P. and BLÁHA P. 2014. For whom the Bell Tolls: Grievance Theory and the Rise of New Political Parties in the 2010 and 2013 Czech Parliamentary Elections. Sociológia 46(6) pp. 706-731.

  • MATĚJŮ P. and ŘEHÁKOVÁ B. 1997. Turning Left or Class Realignment? Analysis of the Changing Relationship Between Class and Party in the Czech Republic 1992-1996. East European Politics & Societies 11(3) pp. 501-542.

  • MIEGEL F. and OLSSON. T. 2008. From pirates to politicians: The story of the Swedish fle sharers who became a political party. In: N. CARPENTIER et al. Democracy Journalism and Technology: New Developments in an Enlarged Europe. Tartu: University of Tartu Press pp. 203-215.

  • MUSIL J. 2004. Současná pojetí sociální soudržnosti a Česká republika. In: J. MUSIL ed. Pojetí sociální soudržnosti v soudobé sociologii a politologii. Praha: UK FSV CESES pp. 7-16.

  • MUSIL J. and MÜLLER J. 2008. Vnitřní periferie v České republice jako mechanismus sociální exkluze. Sociologický časopis 44(2) pp. 321-348.

  • NOVÁK J. and NETRDOVÁ P. 2011. Prostorové vzorce sociálně-ekonomické diferenciace obcí v České republice. Sociologický časopis 47(4) pp. 717-744.

  • NOVOTNÝ L. 2014. Liquid democracy a Pirátská strana v Německu. Acta Politologica 6(2) pp. 154-165.

  • NOVOTNÝ L. 2015. Piráti v berlínské poslanecké sněmovně: bilance jejich dosavadního působení. Central European Journal of Politics 1(1) pp. 1-16.

  • POWELL E. N. and TUCKER J. A. 2014. Revisiting electoral volatility in post-communist countries: new data new results and new approaches. British Journal of Political Science 44(1) pp. 123-147.

  • REIF K. and SCHMITT H. 1980. Nine second-order national elections – A conceptual framework for the analysis of European election results. European Journal of Political Research 8(1) pp. 3-44.

  • SHIN M. and AGNEW J. 2011. Spatial Regression for Electoral Studies: The Case of the Italian Lega Nord. In: B. WARF and J. LEIB eds. Revitalizing Electoral Geography. Farnham/Burlington: Ashgate pp. 59-74.

  • SIKK A. 2012. Newness as a Winning Formula for New Political Parties. Party Politics 18(4) pp. 465-486.

  • SLDB 2011. Sčítání lidu domů a bytů 2011. [online] Available at: http://www.scitani.cz/ [Accessed November 19 2016]

  • SMITH M. L. and MATĚJŮ P. 2011. Restratifikace české politiky. Vývoj třídně podmíněného volebního chování v České republice v letech 1992–2010. Sociologický časopis 47(1) pp. 33-59.

  • SPURNÁ P. 2008. Prostorová autokorelace – všudypřítomný jev při analýze prostorových dat? Sociologický časopis 44(4) pp. 767-787.

  • TAVITS M. 2008. On the linkage between electoral volatility and party system instability in Central and Eastern Europe. European Journal of Political Research 47(5) pp. 537-555.

  • TOBLER W. R. 1970. A Computer Movie Simulating Urban Growth in the Detroit Region. Economic Geography 46(2) pp. 234-240.

  • UNWIN A. and UNWIN D. 1998. Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis with Local Statistics. The Statistician 47(3) pp. 415-421.

  • VLACHOVÁ K. and MATĚJŮ P. 1998. Krystalizace politických postojů a politického spektra v České republice. Sociologický časopis 34(2) pp. 145-170.

  • VLACHOVÁ K. and ŘEHÁKOVÁ B. 2007. Sociální třída a její vliv na volební chování. In: T. LEBEDA L. LINEK P. LYONS and K. VLACHOVÁ et al. Voliči a volby 2006. Praha: Sociologický ústav AV ČR pp. 133-145.

  • WONG D. 2009. The Modifiable Areal Unit Problem (MAUP). In: A. S. FOTHERINGHAM and P. A. ROGERSON eds. The SAGE Handbook of Spatial Analysis. London: SAGE pp. 105-123.

Search
Journal information
Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 262 138 13
PDF Downloads 175 102 9