The Significance of an Antenna for Jamming Resistance of a GPS Receiver

  • 1 Polish Naval Academy, Institute of Navigation and Hydrography, Śmidowicza 69 Str., 81-127 , Gdynia, Poland
  • 2 Polish Navy, 3rd Flotilla of Ships, Rondo Bitwy pod Oliwą Str., 81-103 , Gdynia, Poland


At present jamming is considered one of the main threats to a GPS receiver’s user, both in dynamic and stationary conditions, and especially regarding telecommunication synchronization. Threats stemming from the use of cheap jammers, more and more commonly referred to as Personal Protecting Devices, available on the Internet, are especially dangerous. Despite the formal ban on using them, there is evidence that they are in common use. Therefore the problem which has hitherto been considered marginal needs to be urgently investigated. Reports dealing with investigations on jamming focus mostly on analyses of effects of various jammers on receivers. This article presents part of the results of experiments focused on the effects and it shows that the effects of jamming when the same device is used depend on both the receiver and the antenna it employs.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Bastide F., Akos D., Macabiau C., Roturier B., Automatic Gain Control (AGC) as an Interference Assesment Tool, ‘ION GPS/GNSS’, 2003, pp. 2042-2053.

  • [2] Bastide F., Chartre E., Macabiau C., GPS Interference Detection and Identification Using Multicorrelator Receivers, ‘ION GPS’, 2001, pp. 872-881.

  • [3] Calcagno R., Fazio S., Savasta S., Dovis F., An interference detection algorithm for COTS GNSS receivers, ‘NAVITEC’, 2010, Workshop, Noordvijk.

  • [4] Dixon Ch., Hill S., Ucar A., Ameer G., Greaves M., Cruddace P., GNSS threat quantification in the United Kingdom in 2015, ‘Coordinates’, 2016, Vol. XII, Issue 01.

  • [5] Extreme space weather: impacts on engineered systems and infrastructure, Royal Acad. of Engineering, London 2013, [online], [access 12.09.2014].

  • [6] Falen, G. L., Analysis and Simulation of Narrowband GPS Jamming Using Digital Excision Temporal Filtering, Master’s thesis, Air University, Air Force Institute of Technology, Ohio 1994.

  • [7] Global Navigation Space Systems: reliance and vulnerabilities, The Royal Academy of Engineering, London 2011, [online], [access 12.03.2016].

  • [8] Good Timing. Fighting GPS Interference on the London Skyline, ‘Velocity - Novatel’s Annual Journal of GNSS Technology Solutions and Innovation’, 2015.

  • [9] Isoz O., Akos D., Development of a deployable low cost interference detection and localization system for the GNSS L1/E1 band, ‘NAVITEC’, 2010, Workshop, Noordvijk.

  • [10] Kuusniemi H., Bhuiyan M. Z. H., Kroger T., Signal Quality Indicators and Reliability Testing for Spoof-Resistant GNSS Receiver, ‘European Journal of Navigation’, 2013, Vol. 11, No. 2.

  • [11] Lindstrom J., Akos D., Isoz O., Junered M., GNSS Interference Detection and Localization using a Network of Low Cost Front-End Modules, ‘ION GNSS’, Sep. 2007, pp. 1165-1172.

  • [12] Scott L., Spoofs, Proofs & Jamming, ‘Inside GNSS’, September/October 2012, pp. 42-53.

  • [13] Sheridan K., Whotworth T., Gabelli G., Casile R., Guidotti A., Corazza G. E., Hoelper C., Fremont G., DETECTOR: Applications and Threats Analysis, 2012, [online], [access 20.03.2016].

  • [14] Sheridan K., Yeqiu Ying Y., Whitworth T., Radio Frequency Interference Detection to Support the Use of GNSS in ITS, 9th ITS European Congress, Dublin 2013.

  • [15] Space Weather Full Report, Royal Academy of Engineering, London 2013, [online], [access 15.07.2014].

  • [16] [access 10.04.2016].

  • [17] [access 10.04.2016].


Journal + Issues