Focal Myocarditis in Professonal Female Athlete: A Case Report

Open access

Abstract

A 35-year-old female athlete appealed to her sports physician on new onset of frequent palpitations, just before an important competition. Initial electrocardiography revealed unifocal premature ventricular complexes in the form of bigeminy. Echocardiography revealed fine-granulated hyperdensic changes in septum. Global strain rate was within a range normal, as well as pulsed tissue Doppler ultrasound. Patient was referred for cardiac MRI, which revealed interventricular septum with rougher compounds, but with preserved continuity, with thickness of 10 mm, which is in the middle of the LV, in length of 5 mm, thinned to a thickness of 4 mm. ELISA laboratory test demonstrated an increased titer of IgM antibodies for adenovirus. Six months later, the patient was referred for control MRI of the heart, which showed pronounced trabeculation of infero-lateral wall of the left ventricle, but without certain criteria for non-compaction cardiomyopathy. There was T1 oedema component in apical septal segment and apical segment of the left ventricle. There was increase of the signal in late gadolinium enhancement in the medial parts of the same segments but also in the segment of the basomedial septum, with previous focal myocarditis. These findings suggest myocardial fibrosis in the segments that were stricken by myocarditis, now without active ongoing myocarditis, but without consequent myocardial fibrosis.

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Serbian Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research

The Journal of Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac

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CiteScore 2018: 0.13

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