Beneath the Black Robes of Ignatius and Mariana: Limited Liberty within an Interventionist Order

L. B. Edgar 1
  • 1 Loyola University, , New Orleans 6363 St. Charles Avenue New Orleans, LA 70118


The Society of Jesus sprang from the devout faith of a sidelined soldier who traded in his weapons to form a militant order of Catholic Reformers sworn to serve the Papacy as missionary soldiers of Christ. Specialization in education led Jesuits to roles as theologians of the 16th Century, including as members of the School of Salamanca, whose Jesuit members mostly took pro-market positions on free enterprise. One learned Jesuit in particular deviated from his order’s default position of papal dirigisme to become an enemy of the state.

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