A Laboratory Investigation on Shear Strength Behavior of Sandy Soil: Effect of Glass Fiber and Clinker Residue Content

Open access

Abstract

A study was undertaken to investigate the shear strength parameters of treated sands reinforced with randomly distributed glass fibers by carrying out direct shear test after seven days curing periods. Firstly, we studied the fiber content and fiber length effect on the peak shear strength on samples. The second part gives a parametric analysis on the effect of glass fiber and clinker residue content on the shear strength parameters for two types of uniform Algerian sands having different particle sizes (Chlef sand and Rass sand) with an average relative density Dr = 50%. Finally, the test results show that the combination of glass fiber and clinker residue content can effectively improve the shear strength parameters of soil in comparison with unreinforced soil. For instance, there is a significant gain for the cohesion and friction angle of reinforced sand of Chlef. Compared to unreinforced sand, the cohesion for sand reinforced with different ratios of clinker residue increased by 4.36 to 43.08 kPa for Chlef sand and by 3.1 to 28.64 kPa for Rass sand. The feature friction angles increased from 38.73° to 43.01° (+4.28°), and after the treatment, clinker residue content of soil evaluated to 5% (WRC = 5%).

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Ahmad F. Bateni F. Azmi M. Performance evaluation of silty sand reinforced with fibres Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2010 28(1) 93–99.

  • [2] Ahmad F. Mujah D. Hazarika H. Safari A. Assessing the potential reuse of recycled glass fibre in problematic soil applications Journal of Cleaner Production 2012 35 102–107.

  • [3] Al-Refeai T.O. Behavior of granular soils reinforced with discrete randomly oriented inclusions Geotextiles and Geomembranes 1991 10(4) 319–333.

  • [4] Anagnostopoulos C.A. Papaliangas T.T. Konstantinidis D. Patronis C. Shear strength of sands reinforced with polypropylene fibers Geotechnical and Geological Engineering 2013 31(2) 401–442.

  • [5] Arab A. Shahrour I. Lancelot L. A laboratory study of liquefaction of partially saturated sand J. Iber. Geol. 2011 37(1) 29–36.

  • [6] ASTM D 3080 Standard test method for direct shear test of soils under consolidated drained conditions American Society for Testing and Materials West Conshohocken 2005.

  • [7] Belkhatir M. Arab A. Della N. Missoum H. Schanz T. Influence of inter-granular void ratio on monotonic and cyclic undrained shear response of sandy soils Comptes Rendus Mecanique 2010 338(5) 290–303.

  • [8] Belkhatir M. Schanz T. Arab A. Effect of fines content and void ratio on the saturated hydraulic conductivity and undrained shear strength of sand–silt mixtures Environ. Earth Sci. 2013.

  • [9] Benessalah I. Arab A. Villard P. Sadek M. Kadri A. Laboratory Study on Shear Strength Behaviour of Reinforced Sandy Soil: Effect of Glass Fiber Content and Other Parameters Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering 2015 1–11.

  • [10] Binici H. Aksogan O. Shah T. Investigation of fiber reinforced mud brick as a building material Construction and Building Materials 2005 19(4) 313–318.

  • [11] Brahim A. Arab A. Belkhatir M. Shahrour I. Laboratory Study of Geotextiles Performance on Reinforced Sandy Soil Journal of Earth Science 2016 DOI: 10.1007/s12583-015-0621-0 http://en.earth-science.net

  • [12] Chu J. Bo M.W. Choa V. Improvement of ultra-soft soil using prefabricated vertical drains Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2006 24(6) 339–348.

  • [13] Consoli N.C. Casagrande M.D. Coop M.R. Effect of fiber reinforcement on the isotropic compression behavior of sand Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 2005 131(11) 1434–1436.

  • [14] Consoli N.C. Montardo J.P. Donato M. Prietto P.D.M. Effect of material properties on the behaviour of sand-cement-fibre composites Ground Improvement 2004 8(2) 77–90.

  • [15] Consoli N.C. Montardo J.P. Prietto P.D.M. Pasa G.S. Engineering behavior of a sand reinforced with plastic waste Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 2002 128(6) 462–472.

  • [16] Consoli N.C. Prietto P.D. Ulbrich L.A. Influence of fiber and cement addition on behavior of sandy soil Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 1998 124(12) 1211–1214.

  • [17] Della N. Arab A. Belkhatir M. Static liquefaction of sandy soil: An experimental investigation into the effects of saturation and initial state Acta Mech. 2010 218(1–2) 175–186.

  • [18] Diambra A. Ibraim E. Wood D.M. Russell A.R. Fibre reinforced sands: experiments and modelling Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2010 28(3) 238–250.

  • [19] Dos Santos A.S. Consoli N.C. Baudet B.A. The mechanics of fibre-reinforced sand Geotechnique 2002 60(10) 791–799.

  • [20] Gao Z. Zhao J. Evaluation on failure of fiber-reinforced sand Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 2012 139(1) 95–106.

  • [21] Guoxiang W.U. The Research of Enforcing Role on Glass Fiber to Stablizing Soil of Cement-fly Ash Journal of Heilongjiang Institute of Science 2002 7(3) 007.

  • [22] Heineck K.S. Coop M.R. Consoli N.C. Effect of micro-reinforcement of soils from very small to large shear strains Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 2005 131(8) 1024–1033.

  • [23] Ibraim E. Diambra A. Russell A.R. Wood D.M. Assessment of laboratory sample preparation for fibre reinforced sands Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2012 34 69–79.

  • [24] Jones M.J. McKinley J.D. Ogden C. Ellis D.J. The strength properties of a fiber-reinforced engineered soil Proc. XV Int. Conf. on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Balkema Rotterdam The Netherlands 2001 1605–1608.

  • [25] Kazemian S. Huat B.B. Prasad A. Barghchi M. A review of stabilization of soft soils by injection of chemical grouting Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 2010 4(12) 5862–5868.

  • [26] Krim A. El Abidine Zitouni Z. Arab A. Mostéfa B. Identification of the behavior of sandy soil to static liquefaction and microtomography Arabian Journal of Geosciences 2013 6(7) 2211–2224.

  • [27] Krim A. Arab A. Bouferra R. Sadek M. Shahrour I. Characteristics of Cyclic Shear Behavior of Sandy Soils: A Laboratory Study Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering 2016 1(11) DOI: 10.1007/s13369-016-2064-z

  • [28] Ladd R.S. Preparing test specimens using undercompaction ASTM Geotechnical Testing Journal 1978 1(1).

  • [29] Li C. Zornberg J.G. Mobilization of reinforcement forces in fiber-reinforced soil Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 2012 139(1) 107–115.

  • [30] Liu J. Wang G. Kamai T. Zhang F. Yang J. Shi B. Static liquefaction behavior of saturated fiber-reinforced sand in undrained ring-shear tests Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2011 29(5) 462–471.

  • [31] Maher M.H. Gray D.H. Static response of sands reinforced with randomly distributed fibers Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 1990 116(11) 1661–1677.

  • [32] Maher M.H. Ho Y.C. Behavior of fiber-reinforced cemented sand under static and cyclic loads Geotechnical Testing Journal 1993 16 330–330.

  • [33] Maher M.H. Ho Y.C. Mechanical properties of kaolinite/fiber soil composite Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 1994 120(8) 1381–1393.

  • [34] Michałowski R.L. Cermák J. Triaxial compression of sand reinforced with fibers Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 2003 129(2) 125–136.

  • [35] Mujah D. Ahmad F. Hazarika H. Safari A. Evaluation of the mechanical properties of recycled glass fibers-derived three dimensional geomaterial for ground improvement Journal of Cleaner Production 2013 52 495–503.

  • [36] Sadek S. Najjar S.S. Freiha F. Shear strength of fiber-reinforced sands Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 2010 136(3) 490–499.

  • [37] Shao W. Cetin B. Li Y. Li J. Li L. Experimental investigation of mechanical properties of sands reinforced with discrete randomly distributed fiber Geotechnical and Geological Engineering 2014 32(4) 901–910.

  • [38] Tang Y.H. Bao C.G. Wang M.Y. Ding J.H. Experimental Study on the Strength Characteristics of Expansive Soil Reinforced With Synthetic Fibers [in:] Geosynthetics in Civil and Environmental Engineering Springer Berlin–Heidelberg 2008 369–373.

  • [39] Yetimoglu T. Salbas O. A study on shear strength of sands reinforced with randomly distributed discrete fibers Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2003 21(2) 103–110.

  • [40] Zornberg J.G. Discrete framework for limit equilibrium analysis of fiber-reinforced soil Geotechnique 2002 52(8) 593–604.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 1.03

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.213
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.106

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 1048 346 17
PDF Downloads 501 311 7