In this paper, the whole process of pile construction and performance during loading is modelled via large deformation finite element methods such as Coupled Eulerian Lagrangian (CEL) and Updated Lagrangian (UL). Numerical study consists of installation process, consolidation phase and following pile static load test (SLT). The Poznań site is chosen as the reference location for the numerical analysis, where series of pile SLTs have been performed in highly overconsolidated clay (OCR ≈ 12). The results of numerical analysis are compared with corresponding field tests and with so-called “wish-in-place” numerical model of pile, where no installation effects are taken into account. The advantages of using large deformation numerical analysis are presented and its application to the pile designing is shown.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
 ATKINSON J. The mechanics of soils and foundations CRC Press 2007.
 BIENEN B. QIU G. PUCKER T. CPT correlation developed from numerical analysis to predict jack-up foundation penetration into sand overlying clay Ocean Engineering 2015 108 216-226 DOI: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2015.08.009.
 CHEN X. ZHANG J. XIAO Y. LI J. Effect of roughness on shear behavior of red clay-concrete interface in large-scale direct shear tests Canadian Geotechnical Journal 2015 52(8) 1122-1135 DOI: 10.1139/cgj-2014-0399.
 CHIN F.K. Estimation of the ultimate load of piles not carried to failure In 2nd Southeast Asia Conference on Soil Engineering 11-15 June 1970 81-90. Singapore: Southeast Asian Society of Soil Engineering.
 DOHERTY P. GAVIN K. Pile aging in cohesive soils Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 2013 139(9) 1620-1624 DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000884.
 GRABE J. HENKE S. PUCKER T. HAMANN T. CEL: simulations for soil plugging screwed pile installation and deep vibration compaction [in:] M.A. Hicks J. Dijkstra M. Lloret-Cabot M. Karstunen (eds.) International Conference on Installation Effects in Geotechnical Engineering (pp. 118-127). London: Taylor and Francis Group 2013 DOI: 10.1201/b13890-19.
 HAMANN T. QIU G. GRABE J. Application of a Coupled Eulerian- Lagrangian approach on pile installation problems under partially drained conditions Computers and Geotechnics 2015 63 279-290 DOI: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2014.10.006.
 JIANGTAO Y. Centrifuge and Numerical Modelling of Sand Compaction Pile Installation Phd Thesis National University of Singapore Singapore. 2009.
 KOMURKA V.E. WAGNER A.B. EDIL T.B. A Review of Pile Set-Up Proc. 51st Annual Geotechnical Engineering Conference 2003.
 KONKOL J. Numerical estimation of the pile toe and shaft unit resistances during the installation process in sands Studia Geotechnica et Mechanica 2015 37(1) 37-44 DOI: 10.1515/sgem-2015-0005
 KONKOL J. BAŁACHOWSKI L. Large deformation finite element analysis of undrained pile installation Studia Geotechnica et Mechanica 2016 38(1) 45-54 DOI: 10.1515/sgem-2016-0005.
 LARISCH M. Behaviour of stiff fine-grained soil during the installation of screw auger displacement piles Phd Thesis. University of Queensland Queensland Australia 2014.
 LONG J. KERRIGAN J. WYSOCKEY M. Measured time effects for axial capacity of driven piling Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1999 (1663) 8-15 DOI: 10.3141/1663-02.
 MABSOUT M.E. TASSOULAS J.L. A finite element model for the simulation of pile driving International Journal for numerical methods in Engineering 1994 37(2) 257-278 DOI: 10.1002/nme.1620370206.
 NOH W.F. CEL: a time-dependent two-space-dimensional coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian code Lawrence Radiation Lab. Univ. of California Livermore 1963.
 QIU G. HENKE S. GRABE J. Application of a Coupled Eulerian- Lagrangian approach on geomechanical problems involving large deformations Computers and Geotechnics 2911 38(1) 30-39 DOI: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2010.09.002.
 RANDOLPH M.F. CARTER J.P. WROTH C.P. Driven piles in clay-the effects of installation and subsequent consolidation Geotechnique 1979 29(4) 361-393 DOI: 10.1680/ geot.19188.8.131.521.
 SCHMERTMANN J.H. The mechanical aging of soils Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 1991 117(9) 1288-1330 DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1991)117:9(1288).
 TOMLINSON M. WOODWARD J. Pile design and construction practice CRC Press 2014.
 VARDANEGA P.J. BOLTON M.D. Stiffness of clays and silts: Normalizing shear modulus and shear strain Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 2013 139(9) 1575-1589 DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000887.
 WROTH C.P. The interpretation of in situ soil tests Geotechnique 1984 34(4) 449-489 DOI: 10.1680/geot.19184.108.40.2069