Effect of Geotextile Reinforcement on Shear Strength of Sandy Soil: Laboratory Study

Open access

Abstract

This paper presents results of a series of undrained monotonic compression tests on loose sand reinforced with geotextile mainly to study the effect of confining stress on the mechanical behaviour of geotextile reinforced sand. The triaxial tests were performed on reconstituted specimens of dry natural sand prepared at loose relative density (Dr = 30%) with and without geotextile layers and consolidated to three levels of confining pressures 50, 100 and 200 kPa, where different numbers and different arrangements of reinforcement layers were placed at different heights of the specimens (0, 1 and 2 layers). The behaviour of test specimens was presented and discussed. Test results showed that geotextile inclusion improves the mechanical behaviour of sand, a significant increase in the shear strength and cohesion value is obtained by adding up layers of reinforcement. Also, the results indicate that the strength ratio is more pronounced for samples which were subjected to low value of confining pressure. The obtained results reveal that high value of confining pressure can restrict the sand shear dilatancy and the more effect of reinforcement efficiently.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] AHMED F. BATENI F. MASTURA A. Performance evaluation of silty sand reinforced with fibers Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2009 28(1) 93-99 DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2009.09.017.

  • [2] AL REFEAI T.O. Behavior of granular soils reinforced with discrete randomly oriented inclusions Geotextiles and Geomembranes 1991 10(4) 319-333 DOI: 10.1016/0266-1144(91)90009-L.

  • [3] ARAB A. SADEK M. BELKHATIR M. SHAHROUR I. Monotonic Preloading Effect on the liquefaction resistance of Chlef silty sand: A Laboratory Study Arabian Journal For Science and Engineering 2013 39(2) 1-10 DOI: 10.1007/s13369-013-0700-4.

  • [4] ASTM D2487 Standard practice for classification of soil for engineering purposes. (Unified Soil Classification System) Annual Book of ASTM Standards 2000 Vol. 04.08 ASTM Philadelphia www.astm.org

  • [5] ASTM D4253-00 Standard test method for maximum index density and unit weight of soils using a vibratory table Annual Book of ASTM Standards. American Society for Testing and Materials West Conshohocken PA 2002 1-14 www.astm.org

  • [6] ASTM D422-63 Standard method for particle-size analysis of soils Annual Book of ASTM Standards 1989 Vol. 04.08 86-92. West Conshohoken www.astm.org

  • [7] ASTM D4767 Standard test method for consolidated undrained triaxial compression test for cohesive soils ASTM International West Conshohocken PA 2011 www.astm.org

  • [8] BELKHATIR M. DELLA N. ARAB A. SCHANZ T. Laboratory Study on the Hydraulic Conductivity and Pore Pressure of Sand-Silt Mixtures Marine Georesources and Geotechnology 2014 32(2) 106-122 DOI: 10.1080/1064119X.2012.710712.

  • [9] BENGHALIA Y. BOUAFIA A. CANOU J. DUPLA J.C. Liquefaction susceptibility study of sandy soils: effect of low plastic fines Arab. Journal of Geosciences 2014 8(2) 605-618 DOI: 10.1007/s12517-013-1255-0.

  • [10] CHEN C.W. Drained and undrained behavior of fiberreinforced sand Midwest Transportation Consortium of Student Papers Transportation Scholars Conference Iowa State University Ames Iowa 2006.

  • [11] CHEN C.W. LOEHR J.E. Undrained and drained triaxial tests of fiber-reinforced sand Proceedings of the 4th Asian Regional Conference on Geosynthetics Shanghai China 2008.

  • [12] CHEN X. ZHANG J. LI Z. Shear behaviour of a geogridreinforced coarse-grained soil based on large-scale triaxial tests Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2014 42(4) 312-328 DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2014.05.004.

  • [13] CONSOLI N.C. VENDRUSCOLO M.A. FONINI A. DALLA ROSA F. Fiber reinforcement effects on sand considering a wide cementation range Geotextextiles and Geomembranes 2009 27 (3) 196-203 DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2008.11.005.

  • [14] DELLA N. BELKHATIR M. ARAB A. CANOU J. DUPLA J.C. Effect of fabric method on instability behavior of granular material Acta Mechanica 2014 225(7) 1-15 DOI: 10.1007/s00707-013-1083-z.

  • [15] DURVILLE J.L. MENEROUD J.P. Phenomenes geomorphologiques induits par le seisme d’El-Asnam Algerie.− Bull. Liaison Labo. P. et Ch. 120 juillet-aout 1982 13-23.

  • [16] ERDOGAN D. ALTUN S. Undrained response of loose fiber reinforced sand C.B.Ü. Journal of Science and Technology 2015 11(1) 7-16 DOI: 10.18466/cbufbe.82988.

  • [17] FEIA S. SULEM J. CANOU J. GHABEZLOO S. CLAIN X. Changes in permeability of sand during triaxial loading: effect of fine particles production Acta Geotechnica 2014 11(1) 1-19 DOI: 10.1007/s11440-014-0351-y.

  • [18] GRAY D.H. OHASHI H. Mechanics of fiber reinforcement in sand Journal of Geotech. Eng. 1983 109(3) 335-353 DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1983)109:3(335).

  • [19] HAERI S.M. NOORZAD R. OSKOOROUCHI A.M. Effect of geotextile reinforcement on the mechanical behavior of sand Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2000 18(6) 385-402 DOI: 10.1016/S0266-1144(00)00005-4.

  • [20] HAMIDI A. HOORESFAND M. Effect of fiber reinforcement on triaxial shear behavior of cement treated sand Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2013 36 1-9 DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2012.10.005.

  • [21] HOSSEINPOUR I. MIRMORADI S.H. BARARI A. OMIDVAR M. Numerical evaluation of sample size effect on the stress-strain behavior of geotextile-reinforced sand Journal of Zhejiang 2010 11(8) 555-562 DOI: 10.1631/jzus.A0900535.

  • [22] IBRAIM E. DIAMBRA A. MUIR WOOD D. RUSSELL AR. Static liquefaction of fibre reinforced sand under monotonic Loading Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2010 28(4) 374-385 DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2009.12.001.

  • [23] KIM Y.S. OH S.W. CHO D.S. Effect of non-woven geotextile reinforcement on mechanical behavior of sand J. Korean Geosynthetics Society 2010 9 39-45.

  • [24] KRISHNASWAMY N.R. ISAAC N.T. Liquefaction potential of reinforced sand Geotextiles and Geomembranes 1994 13(1) 23-41 DOI:10.1016/0266-1144(94)90055-8.

  • [25] LATHA M.G. MURTHY V.S. Effects of reinforcement form on the behavior of geosynthetic reinforced sand Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2007 25(1) 23-32 DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2006.09.002.

  • [26] LATHA M.G. MURTHY S.V. Investigation on sand reinforced with different geosynthetics Geotechnical Testing Journal 2006 29(6) DOI: 10.1520/GTJ100439.

  • [27] LIU J. WANG G. KAMAI T. ZHANG F. YANG J. SHI B. Static liquefaction behavior of saturated fiber-reinforced sand in undrained ring-shear tests Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2011 29(5) 462-471 DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2011.03.002.

  • [28] NAEINI S.A. KHALAJ M. IZADI E. Interfacial shear strength of silty sand-geogrid composite Geot. Eng. 2013 166(1) 67-75 DOI: 10.1680/geng.10.00118.

  • [29] NAEINI S.A. GHOLAMPOOR N. Cyclic behavior of dry silty sand reinforced with a geotextile Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2014 42(6) 611-619 DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2014.10.003.

  • [30] NOORZAD R. FARDAD AMINI P. Liquefaction resistance of Babolsar sand reinforced with randomly distributed fibers under cyclic loading Geotextiles and Geomembranes Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 2014 66 281-292 DOI: 10.1016/j.soildyn.2014.07.011.

  • [31] NOURI S. NECHNECH A. LAMRI B. LURDES LOPES M. Triaxial test of drained test reinforced with plastic layers Arab. J. Geosci. 2015 9(1) 1-9 DOI 10.1007/s12517-015-2017-y.

  • [32] RAJAGOPAL K. KRISHNASWAMY N.R. LATHA M.G. Behaviour of sand confined with single and multiple geocells. Geotextiles and Geomembranes 1999 17(3) 171-184 DOI: 10.1016/S0266-1144(98)00034-X.

  • [33] RANJAN G. VASAN R.M. CHARAN H.D. Behavior of plastic fiber-reinforced sand Geotextiles and Geomembranes 1994 13(8) 555-565 DOI:10.1016/0266-1144(94)90019-1.

  • [34] TUNA S.C. KARAKAN E. ALTUN S. Mechanical behaviour of geotextile reinforced sand Imo Teknik Journal 2015 26 7015-7022.

  • [35] VENKATAPPA RAO G. DUTTA R.K. UJWALA D. Strength Characteristics of Sand Reinforced with Coir Fibres and Coir Geotextiles Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering USA 2005 10/G http://www.ejge.com

  • [36] YETIMOGLU T. SALBAS O. A study on shear strength of sands reinforced with randomly distributed discrete fibers Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2003 21(2) 103-110 DOI: 10.1016/S0266-1144(03)00003-7.

  • [37] ZHANG M.X. JAVADI A.A. MIN X. Triaxial tests of sand reinforced with 3D inclusions Geotextiles and Geomembranes 2006 24(4) 201-209 DOI: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2006.03.004

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 1.03

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.213
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.106

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 448 155 15
PDF Downloads 501 258 21