Torsional Shear Device for Testing the Dynamic Properties of Recycled Material

Open access


From the viewpoint of environmental preservation and effective utilization of resources, it is beneficial and necessary to reuse wastes, for example, concrete, as the recycled aggregates for new materials. In this work, the dynamic behavior of such aggregates under low frequency torsional loading is studied. Results show that the properties of such artificial soils match with those reported in the literature for specific natural soils.


  • [1] BENZ T., Small-Strain Stiffness of Soils and its Numerical Consequences, Dissertation, Institut für Geotechnik, Universität Stuttgart, Germany, 2007.

  • [2] COLLINS R.J., Recycled aggregate in ready mix, Concrete, Engineering International, 1998, 49-54.

  • [3] DHIR R.K., LIMBACHIYA M.C., LEELAWAT T., Suitability of recycled concrete aggregate for use in BS 5328 designated mixes, Proceedings of ICE: Structures & Buildings, August. 1999, 134 (3), 257-274.

  • [4] European Committee for Standardization. (2009). Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates. Classification test the constituents of coarse recycled aggregate, EN 933-11:2009.

  • [5] FERGUSON J., Managing and Minimizing Construction Waste: a Practical Guide[M], Thomas Telford Publications, London, UK, 1995.

  • [6] GABRYŚ K., SAS W., SZYMAŃSKI A., Kolumna rezonansowa jako urządzenie do badań dynamicznych gruntów spoistych (Resonant Column Apparatus as a device for dynamic testing of cohesive soils), Przegląd Naukowy Inżynieria i Kształtowanie Środowiska Scientific Review - Engineering and Environmental Sciences, 2013, 22(1), 59, 3-13, (in Polish).

  • [7] GABRYŚ K., Charakterystyki odkształceniowe wybranych gruntów spoistych (Deformation characteristics of selected cohesive soils), Ph.D. Thesis. Department of Civil- and Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Warsaw, Poland, 2014, (in Polish).

  • [8] HANSEN T.C., Recycling of Demolished Concrete and Masonry [R], Report of Technical Committee 37-DRC, RILEM, 1992.

  • [9] HARDIN B.O., DRNEVICH V.P., Shear Modulus and Damping in Soils: Measurement and Parameter effect, Journal of Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, ASCE, 1972, 98(6), 603-624.

  • [10] ISENHOWER W.M., Torsional Simple Shear/Resonant Column Properties of San Francisco Bay Mud, MSc Thesis, Civil Engineering Department, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, 1979.

  • [11] NI S.H., Dynamic Properties of Sand under True Triaxial Stress States from Resonant Column/Torsional Shear Tests, Ph.D. Thesis, Civil Engineering Department, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, 1987.

  • [12] Polish Committee for Standardization (2013). Geotechnical investigation and testing - Identification and classification of soil - Part 2: Principles for a classification PN-EN 14688-2.

  • [13] SAS W., GABRYŚ K., SZYMAŃSKI A., Effect of Time on Dynamic Shear Modulus of Selected Cohesive Soil on One Section of Express Way No. S2 in Warsaw, Acta Geophysica, 2015, 63(2), 398-413, DOI: 10.2478/s11600-014-0256-z.

  • [14] SAS W., SOBÓL E., GABRYŚ K., MARKOWSKA-LECH K., Study of the cohesive soil stiffness in a modified resonant column, [in:] Materiały Konferencji Naukowych XVII Warsztaty Górnicze II Sympozjum Geofizyczne, Applied Geophysics, 2016, Gdańsk, 1-3 June 2016 (1-15).

  • [15] WT-4. Unbound mixtures for national roads. Available online: (in Polish).

  • [16] ZAVORAL D., Dynamic properties of an undisturbed clay from resonant column tests, MSc Thesis, Civil engineering Department, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, 1990.

  • [17] ZHANG J.F., ANDRUS R.D., JUANG C.H., Normalized Shear Modulus and Material Damping Ratio Relationships, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, 2005, 131(4), 453-464, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241.

  • [18] XUAN D.X., Literature Review of Research Project: Structural Properties of Cement Treated Materials [R], Report 7-09-217-1, Section Road and Railway Engineering, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands, 2009.

Studia Geotechnica et Mechanica

The Journal of Wroclaw University of Technology

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 24 24 15
PDF Downloads 5 5 2