Genetic comparison of planted and natural Quercus robur stands in Russia

Bernd Degen 1 , Yulai Yanbaev 2 , Celine Blanc-Jolivet 1 , Ruslan Ianbaev 2 , Svetlana Bakhtina 2 , and Malte Mader 1
  • 1 Thünen Institute of Forest Genetics, , Sieker Landstrasse 2, D-22927, Grosshansdorf, Germany
  • 2 Bashkir State Agrarian University, , 50-letiya Oktyabrya str.-34, 450001, Ufa


Genetic diversity and the optimal genetic composition are essential for the adaptability and adaptation of tree populations. Artificial regeneration of stands might reduce the genetic diversity and increase family structures if the seeds were collected from a limited number of mother trees. We did a genetic inventory in 12 pedunculate oak stands in Russia using a set of 366 nuclear gene markers (361 SNPs, 5 Indels) in order to look for differences in the genetic composition among natural and artificial stands. Our results did not reveal any systematic differences among both types of stands. However, we found two extreme cases of limited genetic diversity and increased proportion of full-sibs and half-sibs in urban man-made stands. The implications for the forestry and gene conservation programs were discussed.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Anonymous (1982) Forest seed zoning of the basic forest-forming species in the USSR (in Russian). Moscow: Forest Industry

  • Anonymous (1999) Forest Fund of Russia: guide (in Russian). Moscow Research and information center on forest resources

  • Aravanopoulos FA (2018) Do Silviculture and Forest Management Affect the Genetic Diversity and Structure of Long-Impacted Forest Tree Populations? Forests 9(6):14.

  • Blanc-Jolivet C, Degen B (2014) Using simulations to optimize genetic diversity in Prunus avium seed harvests. Tree Genetics & Genomes 10(3):503-512.

  • Buschbom J, Yanbaev Y, Degen B (2011) Efficient long-distance gene flow into an isolated relict oak stand. Journal of Heredity 102(4):464-472.

  • Degen B, Blanc-Jolivet C, Bakhtina S, Ianbaev R, Yanbaev Y, Mader M, Nürnberg S, Schröder H (2020a) A new set of nuclear and plastid SNP and Indel loci for Quercus robur and Quercus petraea screened with targeted genotyping by sequencing Conservation Genetic Ressources:submitted

  • Degen B, Yanbaev R, Yanbaev Y (2019) Genetic differentiation of Quercus robur in the South-Ural. Silvae Genetica 68(1):111-115.

  • Degen B, Yanbaev Y, Ianbaev R, Bakhtina S, Tagirova A (2020b) Genetic diversity and differentiation among populations of the pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) at the eastern margin of its range based on a new set of 95 SNP loci. Journal of Forestry Research:7.

  • Dumolin S, Demesure B, Petit RJ (1995) Inheritance of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes in pedunculate oak investigated with an efficient PCR method. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 91(8):1253-1256.

  • Gauli A, Gailing O, Stefenon VM, Finkeldey R (2009) Genetic similarity of natural populations and plantations of Pinus roxburghii Sarg. in Nepal. Annals of Forest Science 66(7):10.

  • Gil MRG, Floran V, Ostlund L, Mullin TJ, Gull BA (2015) Genetic diversity and inbreeding in natural and managed populations of Scots pine. Tree Genetics & Genomes 11(2):12.

  • Gregorius HR (1984) A unique genetic distance. Biometrical Journal 26(1):13-18.

  • Gregorius HR (1987) The relationship between the concepts of genetic diversity and differentiation. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 74(3):397-401.

  • Hammer Ø, Harper D, Ryan P (2001) PAST: Paleontological Statistics Software Package for education and data analysis. Palaeontolia Electronica 4

  • Hosius B, Leinemann L, Konnert M, Bergmann F (2006) Genetic aspects of forestry in the central Europe. European Journal of Forest Research 125(4):407-417.

  • Jolivet C, Holtken AM, Liesebach H, Steiner W, Degen B (2012) Mating patterns and pollen dispersal in four contrasting wild cherry populations (Prunus avium L.). European Journal of Forest Research 131(4):1055-1069.

  • Jones OR, Wang J (2010) COLONY: a program for parentage and sibship inference from multilocus genotype data. Molecular Ecology Resources 10(3):551-555.

  • Koldanov VJ (1967) Steppe afforestation (in Russian). Moscow: Forest Industry

  • Kozharinov A, Borisov P (2013) Distribution of oak forests in Eastern Europe over the last 13000 years. Contemporary Problems of Ecology 6(7):755-760

  • Kremer A, Hipp AL (2020) Oaks: an evolutionary success story. New Phytologist 226(4):987-1011.

  • Marshall TC, Slate J, Kruuk LEB, Pemberton JM (1998) Statistical confidence for likelihood-based paternity inference in natural populations. Molecular Ecology 7(5):639-655.

  • Paluch J, Zarek M, Kempf M (2019) The effect of population density on gene flow between adult trees and the seedling bank in Abies alba Mill. European Journal of Forest Research 138(2):203-217.

  • Prunier J, Verta JP, MacKay JJ (2016) Conifer genomics and adaptation: at the crossroads of genetic diversity and genome function. New Phytologist 209(1):44-62.

  • Schroeder H, Yanbaev Y, Kersten B, Degen B (2019) Short note: Development of a new set of SNP markers to measure genetic diversity and genetic differentiation of Mongolian oak (Quercus mongolica Fisch. ex Ledeb.) in the Far East of Russia. Silvae Genetica 68(1):85-91.

  • Shutyaev AM (2000) Biodiversity of pedunculate oak and its using in breeding and afforestation Voronezh: Research Institute of forest genetics and breeding

  • Tsaralunga VV (2015) External signs of pathology of the pedunculate oak (in Russian). Voronezh: Voronezh State Technical University

  • Vakkari P, Rusanen M, Heikkinen J, Huotari T, Karkkainen K (2020) Patterns of genetic variation in leading-edge populations of Quercus robur: genetic patchiness due to family clusters. Tree Genetics & Genomes 16(5):12.


Journal + Issues