Seed Source Variation in Morphology, Germination and Seedling Growth of Jatropha curcas Linn. in Central India

Open access

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine source variation in Jatropha curcas seeds collected from ten locations in Central India. A significant seed source variation was observed in seed morphology (colour, size and weight), seed germination (viability, germination percent, germination energy, germination value) and seedling growth parameters (survival percentage, seedling height, collar diameter, leave/plant, and seedling biomass). The seed source of Chhindwara (M.P.) was found as the best source in comparison to others. The phenotypic and genotypic variance, their coefficient of variability and broad sense heritability also showed a sizeable variability. This offers a breeder ample scope to undertake screening and selection of seed sources for the desired traits. Further, high percentage of heritability coupled with moderate intensity of genetic gain, was observed for seed germination traits, which signifies that germination is under strong genetic control and good amount of heritable additive genetic component can be exploited for improvement of this species.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • ALDHOUS J. R. (1972): Nursery practice. Forestry Commonwealth Bulletin No. 45: 16-17 London.

  • COSTALES A. B. and V. P. VERACION (1978): Germination of Benguet pine seeds at various intervals of watering. Sylvatrop 3(4): 243-245.

  • CZABATOR F. J. (1962): Germination Value: an index combining speed and completeness of pine germination. Forest Science 8: 386-396.

  • GINWAL H. S. and M. GERA (2000): Genetic variation in seed germination and growth performance of 12 Acacia nilotica provenances in India. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 12(2): 286-297.

  • GINWAL H. S. P. S. RAWAT and R. L. SRIVASTAVA (2004): Seed source variation in growth performance and oil yield of Jatropha curcas Linn. in central India. Silvae Genetica 53(4): 186-192.

  • GUPTA S. P. (1994): Statistical methods XV Ed. Sultan Chand and Sons Darya Ganj New Delhi.

  • HELLER J. (1996): Physic nut. Jatropha curcas L. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 1. Institute of Plant genetics and Crop Plant Research Gatersleben/IPGRI Rome. 66pp.

  • JOHNSON H. W. H. F. ROBINSON and R. F. COMSTOCK (1955a): Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in Soyabean. Agron. J. 47: 314-318.

  • JOHNSON H. W. H. F. ROBINSON and R. F. COMSTOCK (1955b): Genotypic and phenotypic correlation in soybean and their implication in selection. Agron. J. 47: 477-483.

  • MATHUR R. S. K. K. SHARMA and M. M. S. RAWAT (1984): Germination behaviour of provenances of Acacia nilotica sp. indica. Indian Forester 110: 435-449.

  • OKORO O. O. (1976): Germination of Terminalia ivqrensis seeds source under various conditions of germination. In ‘Seed problem’ Proceedings second international symposium on physiology of seed germination. October 1976 IUFRO Fiji Japan.

  • ROY S. M. R. C. THAPLIYAL and S. S. PHARTYAL (2004): Seed source variation in cone seed and seedling characteristic across the natural distribution of Himalayan low-level pine Pinus roxburghii Sarg. Silvae Genetica 53(3): 116-123.

  • ROYAL HORTICULTURE SOCIETY (1966): Colour chart of Royal Horticulture Society London. L. in Costa Rica. Commonwealth Forestry Review 66: 317-324.

  • SALZAR R. and M. QUESADA (1987): Provenance variation in Guazuma ulmifolia L. in Costa rica. Commonwealth Forestry Review 66 317-324.

  • SCHMIDT L. (2000): Guide to handling of tropical and sub tropical forest seeds. Danida forest seed center Krogerupvej-21 Denmark.

  • TURNBULL J. W. (1975): Seed collection - sampling consideration and collection tech. In report of FAO/DANIDA training course of forest seed collection on handling held in Chiang Mai Thailand Feb/March FAO/TF/RAS-11(DEN) FAO Rome.

  • VAKSHASYA R. K. O. P. RAJORA and M. S. RAWAT (1992): Seed and seedling traits of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.: Seed source variation studies among ten sources in India. Forest Ecology and Management 48: 265-275.

  • WHITTINGTON W. J. (1973): Genetic regulation of germination. pp. 5-30 in Seed Ecology edited by W. HEYDECTER Butterworth London

  • WILLAN R. L. (1985): A guide to forest seed handling with particular reference to the topics. FAO Forestry paper 20/2.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.741
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.651

CiteScore 2018: 0.77

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.345
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.362

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 448 254 6
PDF Downloads 265 197 8