French Civil Partnership Contract (PACS)

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Abstract

A civil partnership is a legally recognized relationship between two people of the same sex or the opposite sex that offers many of the same benefits as a conventional marriage. Before addressing the specificities of the French civil partnership contract, designated as a civil covenant of solidarity (pacte civil de solidarité), commonly known as PACS, it is necessary to define and explain the origin of this type of contract. The conclusion of a PACS, despite the fact that it is less formal than marriage, implies the respect of certain conditions of substance and form during its formation and its modification. Recently, PACS has undergone changes on this point, through a simplification of the rules of form with the establishment of its statement and registration by the registrar, removing the court clerk’s intervention. Once the PACS is concluded, with the main purpose of organizing the couple’s common life, this contract produces personal, pecuniary and patrimonial effects between the partners. As the PACS is legally only a contract, it can be dissolved by the appearance of four events. When PACS is dissolved, consequences result for the situation of the partners because they must proceed to the liquidation of the property they own and also repay the debts incurred during the period of their living together. If the dissolution of PACS is caused by the death of one of the partners, then particular consequences will affect the situation of the surviving partner. In fact, couples who entered into a PACS are not considered heirs in the eyes of the law. However, there are alternatives preventing the application of this principle, but they must be realized during the lifetime of the partners.

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  • - Bernard Beignier « Droit des personnes et de la famille » 3ème édition 2017.

  • - Patrick Courbe « Droit de la famille » 7ème édition 2017.

  • - Philippe Simler Patrice Hilt « Le nouveau visage du Pacs : un quasi mariage » Revue « Semaine Juridique Générale » (2006) N. 30 p. 1495-1500

  • - French Civil Code

  • - Loi n°99-944 du 15 novembre 1999 relative au pacte civil de solidarité Retrived from: https://web.archive.org/web/20070509105706/http://www.legislation.cnav.fr/textes/loi/TLR-LOI_99944_15111999.htm

  • - Loi n° 2013-404 du 17 mai 2013 ouvrant le mariage aux couples de personnes de même sexe Retrived from : https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000027414540&categorieLien=id

  • - Loi n° 2011-331 du 28 mars 2011 de modernisation des professions judiciaires ou juridiques et certaines professions réglementées Retrived from:https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000023776687&categorieLien=id

  • - Loi n° 2016-1547 du 18 novembre 2016 de modernisation de la justice du XXIe siècle Retrived from :- https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/eli/loi/2016/11/18/JUSX1515639L/jo

  • - Loi n° 2006-728 du 23 juin 2006 portant réforme des successions et des libéralités Retrived from :- https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000000637158&categorieLien=cid

  • - Constitutional Council decision n ° 99-419 of November 9 1999 Retrived from: http://www.conseil-constitutionnel.fr/conseilconstitutionnel/root/bank/download/99-419DC-99-419DC-doc.pdf

  • - Court of Cassation First Civil Division March 8 2017 n°16-18685 Retrived from:- https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichJuriJudi.do?oldAction=rechExpJuriJudi&idTexte=JURITEXT000034173033&fastReqId=1356096890&fastPos=1

  • - TGI Lille ordonnance de référé 5 juin 2002 : Dalloz 2003 n°8 p.515

  • - CA Montpellier 4 janvier 2011

  • - CA Rennes 5 mai 2015

  • - Web sites :ARNAU X (2015.12.10) « Les règles de succession entre partenaires de PACS » Retruved from:- http://www.dossierfamilial.com/famille/succession/les-regles-de-succession-entre-partenaires-de-pacs-83308

  • - « PACS: pas de testament = pas d’héritage » (2016) Retrived from:- http://www.notaires.paris-idf.fr/actualites/pacs-pas-de-testament-pas-dheritage

  • - GAY J. (2018.02.07) « Pacs : convention avantage et démarche » Retrived from : https://www.journaldunet.fr/patrimoine/guide-des-finances-personnelles/1178867-pacs-ce-qui-change-a-compter-du-1er-novembre-2017/

  • - « Dissolution du PACS : Procédures et consequences » (2018) Retrived from: https://www.legalplace.fr/guides/dissolution-pacs/

  • - « PACS et succession » (2018) Retrived from: https://succession.ooreka.fr/comprendre/pacs-et-succession

  • - “Quotité disponible – définition” (2012) Retrived from: https://www.toutsurmesfinances.com/patrimoine/a/quotite-disponible-definition

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