Government capacity is an important topic in the study of public administration (Burgess 1975; Honadle 1981). The terms capacity, capability or ability have become a concern of government agencies because of the need to develop policies and programs (Gargan 1981). More recently failures of public programs and the increasing demands of the public have also brought attention to this important topic (Ingraham 2003; Andrews and Boyne 2010). Despite the common use of capacity, the term is not well defined in the current public administration literature. In this paper the focus is upon the implementation capacity in local government. They are largely responsible for service delivery, whereas higher levels of government are more removed and have coordination and policy development responsibilities. In this study, the researcher undertakes a comprehensive approach to investigate what is currently known about government capacity by integrating the empirical research that has been published in the past fifty years. It reviews 43 articles that rigorously discuss capacity or capacity building at the local level and 62 articles on citizen co-production. The analysis suggests that government capacity only perceived within organizations is limited. The majority of attention has been paid to management capacity particularly policy formulation capacity, leaving implementation capacity less touched. Sub-analyses reveal different dimensions of government capacity which are dominantly studied in western literature. The evidence points to an association between government capacity and citizen co-production. This paper enriches the literature by developing a new relationship of government capacity and citizen co-production at the local level.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Alford John. 1998. A public management road less travelled-clients as co-producers of public services. Australian Journal of Public Administration Vol. 57 Issue 4 (December) pp. 128-137. Alford John. 2002. Why do public-sector clients coproduce? Toward a contingency theory. Administration and Society Vol. 34 No. 1 (March) pp. 32-56.
Alford John. 2009. Engaging public sector clients: from service-delivery to co-production. Basingstoke. Palgrave Macmillan.
Alford John Janine OFlynn. 2012. Rethinking public service delivery: managing with external providers. Basingstoke. Palgrave Macmillan.
Andrews Rhys George A. Boyne M. Jae Moon and Richard M. Walker. 2010. Assessing organizational performance: exploring differences between internal and external measures. International Public Management Journal. Vol. 13 No. 2 pp. 105-129.
Andrews Rhys George A. Boyne Kenneth J. Meier Laurence J. OToole Jr. and Richard M. Walker. 2005. Representative bureaucracy organizational strategy and public service performance: an empirical analysis of English local government. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory Vol. 15 Issue 4 (Oct.) pp. 489-504.
Andrews Rhys George A. Boyne and Richard Walker. 2011. The Impact of management on administrative and survey measures of organizational performance. Public Management Review Vol. 13 Issue 2 (Feb.) pp. 227-255.
Andrews Rhys and George A. Boyne. 2010. Capacity leadership and organizational performance: Testing the black box model of public management. Public Administration Review Vol. 70 Issue 3 pp. 443-454.
Andrews Rhys George A. Boyne Jennifer Law Richard M. Walker. 2005. External constraints on local service standards: the case of comprehensive performance assessment in English local government. Public Administration. Vol. 83 No. 3 pp. 639-656.
Ariel Fiszbein. 1997. The emergence of local capacity: lessons from Colombia. World Development Vol. 25 No. 7 pp. 1029-1043.
Berman Evan and Wang Xiaohu. 2002. Performance measurement in US counties: capacity for reform. Public Administration Review Vol. 60 Issue 5 (Sept. - Oct.) pp. 409-420.
Boyne George A. 1992. Local government structure and performance: lessons from America? Public Administration Review. Vol. 70 Issue 3 pp. 333-357.
Boyne George A. 2003. Sources of public service improvement: a critical review and research agenda. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. Vol. 13 No. 3 pp. 367-394.
Boyne George A. 2004. Explaining public service performance: does management matter? Public Policy and Administration. Vol. 19 No. 4 pp. 100-117.
Bovaird Tony. 2005. Public governance: balancing stakeholder power in a network society. International Review of Administrative Sciences Vol. 71 No. 2 pp. 217-228.
Bovaird Tony and Elke Loeffler. 2012. From engagement to co-production: the contribution of users and communities to outcomes and public value. International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations. December 2012 Volume 23 Issue 4 pp. 1119-1138.
Brandsen Taco and Victor Pestoff. 2006. CO-production the third sector and the delivery of public services: an introduction. Public Management Review Vol. 8 Issue 4 pp. 493-501.
Brown Trevor L. and Potoski Matthew. 2003. Contract-management capacity in municipal and county governments. Public Administration Review Vol. 63 Issue 2 (Mar.) pp. 153-164.
Brudney JL and England Robert E. 1983. Toward a definition of the coproduction concept. Public Administration Review Vol. 43 No. 1 (Jan.-Feb.) pp. 59-65.
Brudney JL. 1984. Local coproduction of services and the analysis of municipal productivity. Urban Affairs Review Vol. 19 No. 4 (June) pp. 465-484.
Brudney JL. 1989. Local co-production of services and the analysis of municipal productivity. Urban Affairs Quarterly Vol. 19 No. 4 pp.465-484.
Burgess Philip M. 1975. Capacity building and the elements of public management. Public Administration Review Vol. 35 Special Issue (Dec) pp. 705-716.
Campbell Donald T. 1975. Degrees of freedom and the case study. Comparative Political Studies Vol. 2 No. 2 pp. 178-193.
Chaskin Robert J.2001. Building community capacity: a definitional framework and case studies from a comprehensive community initiative. Urban Affairs Review Vol. 36 No. 3 (Jan.) pp. 291-323.
Coggborn Jerrell D and Schneider Saundra K. 2003. The quality of management and government performance: an empirical analysis of the American states. Public Administration Review. Vol. 63 No. 2 pp. 206-213.
Cuthill Michael and Fien John. 2005. Capacity building: facilitating citizen participation in local governance. Australian Journal of Public Administration Vol. 64 No. 4 (Dec) pp. 63-80.