Civil society has proven outstanding capacities of involvement in the 2004 general elections in Romania and put a remarkable pressure on the political society. This paper aims to discuss the consequences of such involvement for both the political and civil society. We also investigate the conditions that have favoured a successful challenge of the main political actors by the most visible civic advocacy organizations. Further, we inquire how deep can an actor from the civil society go into the lands of the political society. In the end, we weight the achievements and the failures of civil society’s active involvement in the game of elections.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Almond Gabriel G. Bingham Powell Jr. Kaare Strom and Russell J. Dalton. 2003. Comparative Politics Today. A World View. New York: Longman.
Bădescu Gabriel. 2003. Social Trust and Democratization in Post- Communist Societies. In Social Capital and the Transition to Democracy eds. Gabriel Bădescu and Eric M. Uslaner 120-139. New York: Routledge.
Bjornlund Eric C. 2004. Beyond Free and Fair. Monitoring Elections and Building Democracy. Washington: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.
Carothers Thomas. 1996. Assesing Democracy Assistance: The Case of Romania. Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Chandler David. 2004. Democratization in Bosnia: The Limits of Civil Society Building Strategies. In Civil Society in Democratization eds. Peter Burnell and Peter Calvert 225-249. London: Frank Cass.
Diamond Larry. 1999. Developing Democracy. Toward Consolidation. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Dryzek John S. 1996. Political Inclusion and the Dynamics of Democratization. The American Political Science Review 90 (1): 475-487.
Elster Jon Claus Offe and Ulrich K. Preuss. 1998. Institutional Design in Post- Communist Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Howard Mark Morje. 2003. The Weakness of Civil Society in Post-Communist Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Iankova Elena. 2002. Eastern European Capitalism in the Making. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kubicek Paul. 2004. Organized Labor in Postcommunist States. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Lipset Seymour Martin Martin A. Trow and James S. Coleman. 1956. Union Democracy. Glencoe: The Free Press.
Mungiu-Pippidi Alina. 2005. Fighting Political Corruption in Postcommunist Europe. In A Quest for Political Integrity 7-18. Iasi: Polirom.
Offe Claus and Helmut Wiesenthal. 1985. Two Logics of Collective Action. In Disorganized Capitalism ed. Claus Offe pp. 175-220. London: Blackwell Polity Press.
Ost David. 1993. The Politics of Interest in Post-Communist East Europe. Theory and Society 22 (4): 453-485.
Ost David and Stephen Crowley. 2001. Making Sense of Labor Weakness in Postcommunism. In Workers after Workers’ States. Labor and Politics in Postcommunist Eastern Europe eds. Stephen Crowley and David Ost 219-234. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.
Perez Diaz Victor. 1993. The Return of Civil Society. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Tilly Charles. 2004. Social Movements 1768-2004. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers.
Tóka Gabor. 2004. Partidele Politice in Europa Centrală si de Est. In Cum se consolidează democraŃia eds. Larry Diamond Yun-han Chu Marc F. Plattner and Hung-mao Tien 123-162. Bucuresti: Polirom.
***. 2005. Alegeri la limita democraŃiei. Analiza procesului electoral din Romania octombrie-decembrie 2004. Bucuresti: Pro Democracy Association Report.
***. 2005. Alegerile parlamentare si prezidenŃiale 2004. Bucuresti: Institute for Public Policy Report.
***. 2005. Intărirea capacităŃii instituŃionale a instituŃiilor electorale: Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă si Biroul Electoral Central. Bucuresti: CASP & Romanian Society of Political Science Report.