Study on Breaking Load of Single Lap Joint Using Hybrid Joining Techniques for Alloy Steel AISI 4140 and Mild Steel: Taguchi and Neural Network Approach

Open access


The present investigation carried out to analyze the breaking load of single lap joint using hybrid joining techniques for alloy steel AISI 4140 and mild steel as base material by experimentally and optimized by Taguchi method and neural network. The six samples of lap joints were prepared namely: bolted joint (BJ); adhesive joint (AJ); welded joint (WJ); bolted-welded joint (BWJ); adhesive-welded joint (AWJ) and adhesivebolted joint (ABJ). The breaking load of the joints in terms of breaking load and elongation were evaluated for each joint. The effect of the adjustment attached to the joint on the breaking load and elongation were evaluated. Taguchi method was applied for given input parameters and L4 design of experiments was used. The breaking load and elongation were taken as output response. The predicted values by Taguchi method were used as target values in neural network fitting curve. Neural network fitting tool was used to check whether the obtained values were near the target value or not. Based on the achieved results, the maximum breaking load and elongation were found for bolted-welded joint.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] F. Sena M. Pakdilb B. S. Saymana. Experimental failure analysis of mechanically fastened joints with clearance in composite laminates under preload. Mater. Des. 2008 (29) 1159 - 1169.

  • [2] M. Skorupa T. Machniewicz A. Skorupa J. Schijve A. Korbel. Fatigue Life Prediction Model For Riveted Lap Joints. Eng Fail Anal 2015 (53) 111 - 123.

  • [3] D.V.T.G Pavan Kumar S. S. Naarayan S. K. Sundaram S. Chandra. Further numerical and experimental failure studies on single and multi-row riveted lap joints. Eng Fail Anal. 2012 (20) 9 - 24.

  • [4] Z. Huda T. Zaharinie G. Min. Temperature effects on material behaviour of aerospace aluminium alloys for subsonic and supersonic aircraft. J Aerosp Eng. 2010 (23) 124 -128.

  • [5] T.N. Chakherlou M.J. Razavi A.B. Aghdam B. Abazadeh. An experimental investigation of the bolt clamping force and friction effect on the fatigue behavior of aluminum alloy 2024-T3 double shear lap joint. Mater. Des. 2011 (32) 4641 - 4649.

  • [6] T.N. Chakherlou B. Abazadeh. Investigating clamping force variations in Al2024-T3 interference fitted bolted joints under static and cyclic loading. Mater Des. 2012 (37) 128 - 136.

  • [7] C. Hoang-Ngoc E. Paroissien. Simulation of single-lap bonded and hybrid (bolted/bonded) joints with flexible adhesive. Int J Adhes Adhes. 2010 (30) 117 - 129.

  • [8] T. Dang Hoang C. Herbelot A. Imad. On failure mode analysis in a bolted single lap joint under tension-shearing. Eng Fail Anal. 2012 (24) 9 - 25.

  • [9] Q. M. Li R. A. W. Mines R. S. Birch. Static and dynamic behavior of composite riveted joints in tension. Int J Mech Sci. 2001 (43) 1591 - 1610.

  • [10] M. Samaei M. Zehsaz T.N. Chakherlou. Experimental and numerical study of fatigue crack growth of aluminum alloy 2024-T3 single lap simple bolted and hybrid (adhesive/bolted) joints. Eng. Fail. Anal. 2015

  • [11] T. Sadowski M. Knec P. Golewski. Experimental investigations and numerical modelling of steel adhesive joints reinforced by rivets. Int J Adhes Adhes. 2010 (30) 338 - 346.

  • [12] F. Lambiase A. Di Ilio. Mechanical clinching of metal-polymer joints J Mater Process Technol. 2015 (215) 12 - 19.

  • [13] G. Kelly. Quasi-static strength and fatigue life of hybrid (bonded/bolted) composite single-lap joints. Composite Structures 2006 (72) 119 - 129.

  • [14] M. Fu P. K. Mallick. Fatigue of hybrid (adhesive/bolted) joints in SRIM composites Int J Adhes Adhes. 2001 (21) 145 - 159.

  • [15] A. Handa V. Chawla. Experimental evaluation of mechanical properties of friction welded dissimilar steels under varying axial pressures Journal of Mechanical Engineering - Strojnícky časopis 2016 (66) No. 1 27 - 36.

  • [16] V. K. Patel K. Rani. Mechanical and Wear Properties of Friction Stir Welded 0-6wt%nAl2O3 Reinforced Al-13wt% Si Composites. Journal of Mechanical Engineering - Strojnícky časopis 2017 (67) No. 1 77 - 86.

  • [17] D. Santha Rao N. Ramanaiah. Process Parameters Optimization for Producing AA6061/TiB2 Composites by Friction Stir Processing. Journal of Mechanical Engineering - Strojnícky časopis 2017 (67) No. 1 101 - 118.

  • [18] R. Jančo L. Écsi P. Élesztős. FSW Numerical Simulation of Aluminium Plates by Sysweld - Part II. Journal of Mechanical Engineering - Strojnícky časopis 2016 (66) No. 2 29 - 36.

  • [19] N. Beri S. Maheshwari C. Sharma A. Kumar. Performance Evaluation of Powder Metallurgy Electrode in Electrical Discharge Machining of AISI D2 Steel Using Taguchi Method World Academy of Science Engineering and Technology 2008 (14)

  • [20] J.L. Lin K.S. Wang B.H. Yan Y.S. Tarng. Optimization of electrical discharge machining process based on Taguchi method with fuzzy logics J Mater Process Technol 2000 (102) 48 - 55.

  • [21] H.P. Raturi L. Prasad M. Pokhriyal V. Tirth. Estimating the Effect of Process Parameters on Metal Removal Rate and Surface Roughness in WEDM of Composite Al6063/SiC/Al2O3 By Taguchi Method Journal of Mechanical Engineering -Strojnícky časopis 2017 (67) No. 2 25 - 36.

Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 1.61

Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.350

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 262 136 12
PDF Downloads 191 114 15