Analysis and Visualization of Natural Threats Against the Security of Electricity Transmission System

Open access

Abstract

Electricity is one of the crucial energies of modern society, but it is greatly threatened by various kinds of menaces, especially natural hazards. Although they rarely happen, their occurrence may hugely affect the operation of power system. In this paper, we firstly, according the impact on power systems, classify natural threats into two categories (natural disasters and extreme weather conditions) and several subcategories (geological, hydrological, meteorological and climatological). Then the changes in natural threats to power systems and their trends during recent decades are discussed, along with a review of events that pose natural threats to the power system. Finally, the georeferenced model based on the Italy transmission system for natural threats analysis is presented.

References

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  • [1] Z. L. R.R. Negenborn H. Hellendoorn Intelligent Infrastructures: Springer 2010.

  • [2] D. S. James F. Petersen Robert E. Gabler Physical geography. Belmont CA: Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning 2012.

  • [3] N. C. D. C. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration "Hurricane Katrina" 2005.

  • [4] E. Krausmann A. M. Cruz and B. Affeltranger "The impact of the 12 May 2008 Wenchuan earthquake on industrial facilities" Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries vol. 23 pp. 242-248 2010.

  • [5] W. Fang "The impacts and corresponding measures of “5.12” Wenchuan earthquake on the power system of Sichuan province" Sichuan Water Power vol. 28 p. 6 2009.

  • [6] T. A. o. N. California. Transmission Q&A. Available: http://www.tanc.us/transmission_qanda.html

  • [7] H. Rudnick "Natural disasters their impact on electricity supply" IEEE Power and Energy Magazine 2011.

  • [8] B. Oral and F. Dönmez "The Impacts of Natural Disasters on Power Systems: Anatomy of the Marmara Earthquake Blackout " Acta Polytechnica Hungarica vol. 7 2010.

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  • [10] J. Tiefenbacher Approaches to Managing Disaster - Assessing Hazards Emergencies and Disaster Impacts. Rijeka Croatia: InTech 2012.

  • [11] T. a. T. Kanakubo S "Natural hazard mapping" GeoJournal vol. 4 1980.

  • [12] Ready.gov. (2013 25 June). Natural Disasters Available: http://www.ready.gov/natural-disasters

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  • [23] J. Cosgrave "Tsunami Evaluation Coalition: Initial Findings" ALANP2006.

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  • [31] A. a. M. A.-R. M. AL - Sakkaf B. (2011). Applications of GIS in Electrical Power System.

  • [32] Understandingitaly.com. Volcanoes in Italy Available: http://www.understandingitaly.com/profilecontent/volcanoes.html

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  • [35] F. C. Fausto Guzzetti Oliviero Lolli Stefania Pagliacci Claudio Sebastiani Gabriele Tonelli "Information System on Historical Landslides and Floods in Italy" presented at the Urban Hazards Forum New York 2002.

  • [36] S. Bosa and M. Petti "A Numerical Model of the Wave that Overtopped the Vajont Dam in 1963" Water Resources Management vol. 27 pp. 1763-1779 2012.

  • [37] Terna s.p.a "Statistical Data on Electricity in Italy -2013" Terna2014.

  • [38] L. Salvaderi "Electric sector restructuring in Italy" IEEE Power Engineering Review vol. 20 pp. 12-16 2000.

  • [39] Terna s.p.a. (2013 25 Jun.). Dati Statistici: Rete elettrica. Available: http://www.terna.it/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=zrY9HJFeFng%3d&tabid=418&mid=2501

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