Does Stress Lead to Creativity?: The Relationship Between Occupational Stress and Individual Innovative Behavior

Daniel Jose Luis 1 , Chatelain-Jardon Ruth 2  and Zhang Zhuofan 3
  • 1 Texas A&M University, , Kingsville
  • 2 Texas A&M University, , Kingsville
  • 3 Texas A&M University, , Kingsville

Abstract

Individual innovative behavior can have important implications for organizations. This article studies the relationship between occupational stress and individual innovative behavior. Data from 139 subjects from the US was analyzed using structural equation modeling as the technique. Results from partial least squares show that there is a positive and significant relationship between both constructs. Moreover, both variables present a U form relationship. Based on this research, it could be concluded that occupational stress could influence positively innovative behavior at work. Practical implications suggest that innovative behavior could be boost by identifying conditions at work that could produce time pressure. Elements such as work overload, feedback and allowing employees to take risks could help in idea generation.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Anderson, N., De Dreu, C. K., Nijstad, B. A. (2004), The routinization of innovation research: A constructively critical review of the state-of-the-science, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 25, pp. 147–173.

  • Amabile, T., Goldfarb, P., Brackfield, S. (1990), Social influence on creativity: Evaluation, coaction, and surveillance, Creativity Research Journal, Vol. 3, pp. 6-21.

  • Amabile, T.M. (1983): The Social Psychology of Creativity, Springer Verlag, New York, NY.

  • Aryee, S., Zhou, Q., Sun, L. Y., Lo, S. (2009), Perceptions of politics, intrinsic motivation and creative performance: Evidence from the service sector, In Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings (pp. 1–6).

  • Baron, R., (1986), Distraction- conflict theory: Progress and problems, Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 19, pp.1-39.

  • Baer, J. R., (1998), Gender differences in the effects of extrinsic motivation on creativity, Journal of Creative Behavior, Vol. 32, pp.18–37.

  • Baer, M., Oldham, G. R., (2006), The curvilinear relation between experienced creative time pressure and creativity: Moderating effects of openness to experience and support for creativity, Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 963-970.

  • Baron, J., Badgio, P., Gaskins, I. W., (1986), Cognitive style and its improvement: A normative approach. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Advances in the psychology of human intelligence, Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, Vol. 3, pp. 173–220

  • Boswell, W., Olson-Buchanan, J., LePine, M., (2004), Relations between stress and work outcomes: The role of felt challenge, job control and psychological strain, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 64, no.1, pp. 165-181.

  • Cavanaugh, M. A., Boswell, W. R., Roehling, M. V., Boudreau, J. W., (2000), An empirical examination of self-reported work stress among U.S. managers, Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 85, pp. 65–74.

  • Elsbach, K. D., Hargadon, A. B., (2006), Enhancing creativity through “mindless” work: A framework of workday design, Organization Science, Vol. 17, pp. 470–473.

  • Eysenck, H.J. (1995): Genius: The natural history of creativity, Cambridge University Press, New York.

  • French, J. R. P., Caplan, R. D., Van Harrison, R. (1982): The mechanism of job stress and strain, Wiley & Sons, New York.

  • French, J.R.P., Rogers W., Cobb, S., (1974), A model of person-environment-fit. In: G.W. Coehlo, D.A. Hamburg, and J.E. Adams, (eds) Coping and adaptation. Basic Books, New York, pp. 316-333.

  • Gardner, D. G., Gummings, L. L., (1988), Activation theory and job design: Review and reconceptualization. In B. M. Staw & L. L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior, Green-wich, CT: JAI Press, vol. 10, pp. 81-122

  • Hair, J. F., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L. (1998): Multivariate data analysis, Mcmillan, New York, N.Y.

  • Hart, P. M., Cooper, C. L., (2001), Occupational stress: Toward a more integrated framework. In N. R. Anderson, D. S. Ones, H. K. Sinangil, & C. Viswesvaran (Eds.), Handbook of industrial, work and organizational psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 93–115). London: Sage.

  • Hobfoll, S.E., (1989), Conservation of resources: A new attempt at conceptualizing stress, American Psychologist, Vol. 44, pp. 513-524.

  • Hon, A.H.Y., Kim, T.Y., (2007), Work overload and employee creativity: The roles of goal commitment, task feedback from supervisor, and reward for competence. In: Rahim, M.A. (Ed.), Current Topics in Management, vol. 12. Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick and London, pp. 193–211.

  • Janis, I. L., Leventhal, H., (1968), Human reactions to stress. In E. F. Borgatta & W.W. Lambert (Eds.), Handbook of personality theory and research, Chicago: Rand McNally, pp. 1041-1085.

  • Janssen, O., (2000), Job demands, perceptions of effort-reward fairness and innovative behavior, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Vol. 73, pp. 287-302.

  • Janssen, O., (2004), How fairness perceptions make innovative behavior more or less stressful, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 201-215.

  • Kahn, R. L., Wolfe, D. M., Quinn, R. P., Snoek, J. D.(1964): Organizational stress: Studies in role conflict and ambiguity, Wiley, New York.

  • Karasek, R.A., (1989), Control in the workplace and its health-related aspects. In S.L. Sauter, J.J. Hurrell & C.L. Cooper (Eds.), Job Control and Worker Health, Chichester: Wiley, pp. 129-160.

  • Kleysen, R., Street, C., (2001), Toward a multidimentional measure of individual innovative behavior, Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 284-296.

  • Kline, R.B., (2005), Principles and practice of structural equation modeling, 2nd ed., Guildford Press, New York, NY.

  • Kock, N.(2018): WarpPLS User manual: Version 6.0, Laredo, TX: ScriptWarp Systems.

  • Kock, N., Lynn, G.S., (2012), Lateral collinearity and misleading results in variance-based SEM: An illustration and recommendations, Journal of the Association for Information Systems, Vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 546-580.

  • Kock, N., (2010), Using WarpPLS in e-collaboration studies: An overview of five main analysis steps, International Journal of e-Collaboration, Vol. 6 no. 4, pp.1-11

  • Kyriacou, C., Sutcliffe, J., (1978), A model of teacher stress, Education Studies, Vol. 4, pp. 1–6.

  • La Rocco, J. M., House, J. S., French, J. R. P., Jr., (1980), Social support, occupational stress and health, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vo. 21, pp. 202–216.

  • Linnenbrink, E. A., Pintrich, P. R., (2002), Motivation as an enabler for academic success, School Psychology Review, Vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 313–327.

  • Motowidlo, S., Packard, J., Manning, M., (1986), Occupational stress: Its causes and consequences for job performance, Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 71, No.4, pp. 618-629.

  • Mumford, M.D., Gustafson, S.B., (1988), Creativity syndrome: Integration, application, and innovation, Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 103, pp. 27-43

  • Pirce, J., Aguinis, H., (2013), The too much of a good thing effect in management, Journal of Management, Vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 313-338.

  • Podsakoff, P. M., Organ, D. W., (1986), Self-reports in organizational research: Problems and prospects.Journal of Management, Vol.12, 69–82.

  • Probst, T. M., Stewart, S. M., Gruys, M. L., Tierney, B. W., (2007), Productivity, counterproductivity and creativity: The ups and downs of job insecurity, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Vol. 80, 479–497.

  • Ren, F., Zhang, J., (2015), Job stressors, organizational innovation climate, and employees’ innovative behavior, Creativity Research Journal, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 16-23.

  • Runco, M. A., (2004), Creativity, Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 55, pp. 657–687.

  • Scott, S.G., Bruce, R.A., (1994), Determinants of innovative behavior: a path model of individual innovation in the workplace, Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 37 No. 3, pp. 580-607.

  • Shalley, C. E., Zhou, J., Oldham, G. R., (2004), The effects of personal and contextual characteristics on creativity: Where should we go from here?, Journal of Management, Vol. 30, 933–958.

  • Tubre, T. C., Collins, J. M., (2000), Jackson and Schuler, (1985), revisited: A meta-analysis of the relationships between role ambiguity, role conflict, and job performance. Journal of Management, Vol. 26, no.1, pp.155–169.

  • Woodman, R., Sawyer, J., Griffin, R., (1993), Toward a theory of organizational creativity, The Academy of Management Review, Vol.18, no. 2, pp. 293-321.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search