Analysis of Ecodesign Implementation and Solutions for Packaging Waste System by Using System Dynamics Modeling
This paper discusses the findings of a research project which explored the packaging waste management system in Latvia. The paper focuses on identifying how the policy mechanisms can promote ecodesign implementation and material efficiency improvement and therefore reduce the rate of packaging waste accumulation in landfill. The method used for analyzing the packaging waste management policies is system dynamics modeling. The main conclusion is that the existing legislative instruments can be used to create an effective policy for ecodesign implementation but substantially higher tax rates on packaging materials and waste disposal than the existing have to be applied.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Statistical report of generated packaging and amount of recovered resources in Latvia according to resolution 2005/270/EKby European Commision. Riga: LISC, 2008.
On consumption patterns for inhabitants in cities of Valmiera (LV) and Viljandi (EE). Report on case study. Baltic Environmental Forum, 2006.
Regulations No 65 issued by the Cabinet of Ministers: Regulations Regarding Recovery Percentage Volume (Proportion) and Time Periods of All Packaging Waste, Procedures for the Registration and Submission of Reports and Model Forms Thereof, Requirements Which a Commercial Company Must Fulfil in Order for It to Be Registered as a Packaging Manager, Examples of the Application of the Packaging Definition Criteria and Exceptions in Relation to the Heavy Metal Content in Packaging. Latvijas Vestnesis, No 15, 16 January 2007.
Vizayakumar K., Environmental policy analysis: System dynamics approach (Chapter 20), V. K. Agnihotri, Public policy analysis and design, Concept Publishing Company: New Dehli, pp. 311-329, 1995.
Saleh M., Oliva R., Kampmann C. E. & Davidsen P. I., A comprehensive analytical approach for policy analysis of system dynamics models, European Journal of Operational Research, Volume 203, pp. 673-683, 2010.
Law issued by the Republic of Latvia: Law of Nature Resource Tax. Latvijas Vestnesis, No 100, 30 June 2009.
Packaging Trends for Fast Moving Consumer Goods in Selected European Countries. Part 1: First data collection. Public report. EUROPEN (Belgium) and STFI-Packforsk AB (Sweden), 2009.
The Eco-indicator 99. Manual for designers. Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, The Netherlands, 2000.