Achieving Energy Efficiency in Accordance with Bioclimatic Architecture Principles

Open access

Abstract

By using our natural resources, and through inefficient use of energy, we produce much waste that can be recycled as a useful resource, which further contributes to climate change. This study aims to address energy effective bioclimatic architecture principles, by which we can achieve a potential energy savings, estimated at thirty-three per cent, mainly through environmentally affordable reconstruction, resulting in low negative impact on the environment. The study presented in this paper investigated the Ulpiana neighbourhood of Prishtina City, focusing on urban design challenges, energy efficiency and air pollution issues. The research methods consist of empirical observations through the urban spatial area using a comparative method, in order to receive clearer data and information research is conducted within Ulpiana’s urban blocks, shapes of architectural structures, with the objective focusing on bioclimatic features in terms of the morphology and microclimate of Ulpiana. Energy supply plays a key role in the economic development of any country, hence, bioclimatic design principles for sustainable architecture and energy efficiency, present an evolutive integrated strategy for achieving efficiency and healthier conditions for Kosovar communities. Conceptual findings indicate that with the integrated design strategy: energy efficiency, and passive bioclimatic principles will result in a bond of complex interrelation between nature, architecture, and community. The aim of this study is to promote structured organized actions to be taken in Prishtina, and Kosovo, which will result in improved energy efficiency in all sectors, and particularly in the residential housing sector.

[1] Bajçinovci B., Jerliu F., Challenges of Architectural Design in relation to Environment and Air Pollution. A Case study: Prishtina’s first public parking garage. Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts 2016:3(7). doi:10.17160/josha.3.7.254

[2] Kull K. On Semiosis, Umwelt, and Semiosphere. Semiotica 1998:120(3/4):299–310.

[3] Dennis K. The Compatibility of Economic Theory and Proactive Energy Efficiency Policy. The Electricity Journal 2006:19(7):58–73. doi:10.1016/j.tej.2006.07.006

[4] Qatar Green Building Council. Bioclimatic principles towards sustainable, comfortable and energy efficient societies. Presented at 2nd Qatar Green Building Conference, Doha, 2015.

[5] World Energy and Climate Policy: 2009 Assessment. World Energy Council. London: 2009. www.worldenergy.org [Accessed 10.08.2016].

[6] 7Group, Reed B. The integrative design guide to green building. Hoboken: Wiley and Sons, 2009.

[7] MEM. Ministry of Economic Development. National Energy Efficiency Action Plan of Kosovo. Kosovo, 2013.

[8] Kabashi S., et al. Effects of Kosovo’s energy use scenarios and associated gas emissions on its climate change and sustainable development. Applied Energy 2011:88(2):473–478. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.06.023

[9] MEM. Ministry of Economic Development. Kosovo. Energy Strategy 2013–2022, 2013.

[10] World Energy Council. World Energy Trilemma 2016: Defining measures to accelerate the energy transition, 2016.

[11] INKOS. Assessing and exploring geological coal reserves in Kosovo, 2007.

[12] KEK. Kosovo Energy Corporation. Report, Kosovo, 2008.

[13] KOSID. A Policy Solution for the Energy Sector in Kosovo. Prishtine: 2014.

[14] INDEP. Energy efficiency. Prishtine: 2015:3–4.

[15] Fejzullah K, Selimaj R., Malsiu I. Instalimet Makinerike. Universiteti i Prishtinës. Prishtinë, 2004.

[16] Tudrea H., Budescu M. Bioclimatic Architecture, a sensible and logical approach towards the future of building development. Buletinul institutului politehnic din Iaşi, Romania, 2013.

[17] Asere L., Mols T., Blumberga A. Assessment of Energy Efficiency Measures on Indoor Air Quality and Microclimate in Buildings of Liepaja Municipality. Energy Procedia 2016:95:37–42. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2016.09.009

[18] Dzene I., Polikarpova I., Zogla L., Rosa M. Application of ISO 50001 for implementation of sustainable energy action plan. Energy Procedia 2015:72:111–118. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2015.06.016

[19] Miezis M., Zvaigznitis K., Stancioff N., Soeftestad L. Climate Change and Buildings Energy Efficiency – the Key Role of Residents. Environmental and Climate Technologies 2016:17:30–41. doi:10.1515/rtuect-2016-0004

[20] Graabak I., Bakken B. H., Feilberg N. Zero Emission Building and Conversion Factors between Electricity Consumption and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in a Long-Term Perspective. Environmental and Climate Technologies 2014:13:12–18. doi:10.2478/rtuect-2014-0002

Environmental and Climate Technologies

The Journal of Riga Technical University

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 3.03

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 1.045
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 2.004

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 334 304 11
PDF Downloads 489 474 28