The financial mechanism within the European Union that is accessible for environmental issues is a tool by which it is possible to maintain and improve the state of the environment in the Baltic Sea region countries. However, the accessibility and use of finances cannot be considered indicators which mark the success of a programme. There are various evaluation types which can be conducted, such as ex ante to assess the impact desirable to help gauge what projects best to support. Ex post evaluations can also be applied to pool lessons learned to make recommendations for further development. Evaluation is important for checking progress, to further support successful initiatives and to avoid financing activities which do not produce results. Evaluation of environmental projects can be particularly difficult due to their diversity in approaches and applied technologies, however currently there is a risk to limit the assessment of projects to the activity-level (what outputs have been produced, such as number of seminars and publications or campaigns, technologies installed), rather than on the primary goal - specific impacts made on the environment. The goal of this research is to develop a methodology and set of indicators for the evaluation of environmental projects to improve the evaluation of project efficiency, impact and sustainability. Regional Cooperation Environmental Projects are selected and an evaluation is conducted on these projects.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
1. Summary action report of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development of the Republic of Latvia 2012.
2. W.K. Kellogg Foundation Evaluation Handbook January 2004. 120 p.
3. Brousselle A. Champagne F. Program theory evaluation: Logic analysis. Evaluation and Program Planning Volume 34 Issue 1 February 2011 Pages 69-78.
4. Cooksy L.J. Gill P. Kelly A.P. The program logic model as an integrative framework for a multimethod evaluation. Evaluation and Program Planning Volume 24 Issue 2 May 2001 Pages 119-128.
5. Crawford P. Bryce P. Project monitoring and evaluation: a method for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of aid project implementation. International Journal of Project Management Volume 21 Issue 5 July 2003 Pages 363-373
6. Williams B. Imam I. Systems concepts in evaluation: An expert anthology. Point Reyes CA: Edge Press2006 222 p.
7. Vitner G. Rozenes S. Spraggett S. Using data envelope analysis to compare project efficiency in a multi-project environment. International Journal of Project Management Volume 24 Issue 4 May 2006 p 323-329.
8. Anagnostopoulos K.P. Petalas C. A fuzzy multicriteria benefit-cost approach for irrigation projects evaluation. Agricultural Water Management Volume 98 Issue 9 July 2011 Pages 1409-1416.
9. Bauler T. An analytical framework to discuss the usability of (environmental) indicators for policy. Ecological Indicators Volume 17 June 2012 p. 38-45.
10. Rapport D.J. Hildén M. An evolving role for ecological indicators: From documenting ecological conditions to monitoring drivers and policy responses. Ecological Indicators Volume 28 May 2013 p. 10-15.
11. New JICA Guidelines for Project Evaluation First Edition 2010. Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Evaluation Department 87 p.
12. The GEF Monitoring and Evaluation Policy. 2011. Global Environment Facility Evaluation Office 42 p.
13. Westad J. F. Frierson H. Hood S. Hughes G. The 2002 Userfriendly Handbook for Project Evaluation Arlington: NSF 2002 p. 84.
14. Ex-Post Evaluation of Projects and Activities Financed under the LIFE+ Programme. Final Report Part 1: Methodology and description of the LIFE Programme and its policy context July 2010. COWI p.111.
15. Savaya R. Spiro Sh. Elran-Barak R. Sustainability of Social Programs. American Journal of Evaluation. Volume 29 Number 4 2008 p. 478-493.
16. Eiropas Savienības fondu vadošās iestādes metodika pārbaužu veikšanai Eiropas Savienības struktūrfondu un Kohēzijas fonda finansētā projekta īstenošanas vietā 2007. - 2013.gada plānošanas periodā. Available at: http://www.esfondi.lv/upload/00- vadlinijas/12.2_Metodika_140_2010_05_14_3v.pdf
17. European Commission proposal for the 2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework 2011. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union 16 p.
18. Glossary of Key Terms in Evaluation and Results Based Management OECD 2002 40 p.
19. Handbook on Planning Monitoring and Evaluating for Development Results. United Nations Development Programme 2002 232 p.
20. Final Evaluation of the Intelligent Energy Europe II Programme within the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme. Final Report 8 June 2011 234 p.
21. COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 1083/2006 laying down general provisions on the European Regional Development Fund the European Social Fund and the Cohesion Fund and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1260/1999 11 July 2006.
22. Estonia - Latvia - Russia Cross-Border Cooperation Programme within European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument 2007-2013 2007. European Comission 71 p.
23. Baltic Sea Region INTERREG III B Neighbourhood Programme 2000 -2006 2005. Joint Programming Committee 202 p.
24. Estonia - Latvia Programme 2007-2013 Cross-border Co-operation Programme under European Territorial Co-operation Objective.PROGRAMME MANUAL 2012. 39 p.