Human Health Concenrs of Metalworking Fluid Components

Part I – Base oils

Kristína Gerulová 1 , Eva Buranská 2 , and Maroš Soldán 1
  • 1 Institute of Integrated Safety, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Materials Science and Technology in Trnava, 917 24, Trnava
  • 2 Institute of Production Technologies, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Materials Science and Technology in Trnava, 917 24, Trnava


Exploration of 209 available Material safety data sheets of 85 straight oils, 46 emulsions, 51 semi-synthetics and 27 synthetics was carried out to provide a report on the most widely used components defined as dangerous substances. As many as 217 of different substances of which 15 were identified as biocides, 17 as corrosion inhibitors or neutralizing agent, 17 were lubricity improvers and 38 different base fluids, lubricity solvents or surfactants, while 93 substances were not identified specifically and 37 substances occurred only once. This article is focused on the list of base fluids in straight oils and their possible health effects.

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