Cultivation Of Microalgae (Chlorella vulgaris) For Biodiesel Production

Open access

Abstract

Production of biofuel from renewable sources is considered to be one of the most sustainable alternatives to petroleum sourced fuels. Biofuels are also viable means of environmental and economic sustainability. Biofuels are divided into four generations, depending on the type of biomass used for biofuels production. At present, microalgae are presented as an ideal third generation biofuel feedstock because of their rapid growth rate. They also do not compete with food or feed crops, and can be produced on non-arable land. Cultivation conditions (temperature, pH, light, nutrient quantity and quality, salinity, aerating) are the major factors that influence photosynthesis activity and behaviour of the microalgae growth rate. In this paper, we present an overview about the effect of cultivation conditions on microalgae growth.

1. MORONEY, J. V., YNALVEZ, R. A. I. 2009. Algal Photosynthesis. Chichester: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Available on: http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0000322.html

2. RASHID, N. et al. 2014. Current status, issues and developments in microalgae derived biodiesel production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 40, p.760–778.

3. DAHIYA, A. 2014. In Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuel. 1.st edition. pp. 219-238.

4. AL-LWAYZY, S. H. et al. 2014. Biofuels from the fresh water microalgae chlorella vulgaris (FWM-CV) for diesel engines. Energies, 7(3), p. 1829–1851.

5. SCARSELLA, M. et al. 2010. Study on the optimal growing of Chlorella vulgaris in bubble colum photobiorectors. Chemical Engineering Transactions, Vol. 20.

6. GUIRY, M. D. 2015. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication. National University of Ireland, Galway. Available on: http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 January 2015.

7. NAUTIYAL, P. et al. 2014. Production and characterization of biodiesel from algae. Fuel Processing Technology, 120(04), pp.79–88.

8. FISHMAN, D. et al. U.S. DOE 2010. National Algal Biofuels Technology Roadmap. . U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Biomass Program. [online] 05/2015 [cit. 2015-03-02]. Available on: <http://www1.eere.energy.gov/bioenergy/pdfs/algal_biofuels_roadmap.pdf>

9. LAVENS, P., SORGELOOS, P. (eds.) Manual on the production and use of live food for aquaculture FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 361. Rome, FAO.[online] 1996, 295 p., ISBN 92-5-103934-8. [cit. 2015-02-01]. Available on: <ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/003/w3732e/w3732e00.pdf>

10. HARUN, I. et al. 2014. Effects of Natural Light Dilution on Microalgae Growth. International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications, 5(2), pp.112–116.

11. AL-QASMI, M. et al. 2012. A Review of Effect of Light on Microalgae Growth. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, I(07), pp. 8–10.

12. BLAIR, M.F. et al. 2014. Light and growth medium effect on Chlorella vulgaris biomass production. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2(1), pp. 665–674.

13. BARSANTI, L. et al. Algae: Anatomy, Biochemistry, and Biotechnology. [online] Second Edition. ISBN 978-1-4398-6733-4. [cit. 2015-12-02]. Available from: <https://books.google.sk/books?id=uazMBQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=sk#v=onepage&q&f=false>

14. UGWU, C. U., AOYAGI, H. 2012. Microalgal Culture Systems: An Insight into their Designs, Operation and Applications. Biotechnology, 11(3), pp. 127–132.

15. UGWU, C. U. et al. 2008. Photobioreactors for mass cultivation of algae. Bioresource Technology, 99(10), pp. 4021–4028.

16. SINGH, R. N., SHARMA, S. 2012. Development of suitable photobioreactor for algae production - A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(4), pp. 2347–2353.

17. POSTEN, C. 2009. Design principles of photo-bioreactors for cultivation of microalgae. Engineering in Life Sciences, 9(3), pp.165–177.

18. CHINNASAMY, S. et al. Biomass production potential of a wastewater alga chlorella vulgaris ARC 1 under elevated levels of CO2 and temperature. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 10(2), pp. 518–532.

19. CONVERTI, A. et al. 2009. Effect of temperature and nitrogen concentration on the growth and lipid content of Nannochloropsis oculata and Chlorella vulgaris for biodiesel production. Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, Vol. 48, pp. 1146–1151.

20. MAYO, A. W. 1997. Effects of temperature and pH on the kinetic growth of unialga Chlorella vulgaris cultures containing bacteria. Water Environment Research, 69(1), pp. 64–72.

21. CASSIDY, K. O. Evaluating algal growthat different temperatures. 2011. Theses and Dissertations-Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering. Paper 3. [cit. 2015-10-02]. Available from: <http://uknowledge.uky.edu/bae_etds/3>

22. BARGHBANI, R. 2012. Investigating the Effects of Several Parameters on the Growth of Chlorella vulgaris Using Taguchi’s Experimental Approach. International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries,Vol. 1, pp.128–133.

23. YAN, C. et al. 2013. Effects of various LED light wavelengths and intensities on the performance of purifying synthetic domestic sewage by microalgae at different influent C/N ratios. Ecological Engineering, Vol. 51, pp. 24–32.

24. HULTBERG, M. et al. 2014. Impact of light quality on biomass production and fatty acid content in the microalga Chlorella vulgaris. Bioresource technology, Vol. 159, pp. 465–467.

25. FU, W. et al. 2012. Maximizing biomass productivity and cell density of Chlorella vulgaris by using light-emitting diode-based photobioreactor. Journal of biotechnology, 161(3), pp. 242–249.

26. MOHSENPOUR, S. F. et al. 2012. Spectral conversion of light for enhanced microalgae growth rates and photosynthetic pigment production. Bioresource technology, Vol. 125, pp. 75–81.

27. RYU, H. J. et al. 2009. Optimization of the influential factors for the improvement of CO2utilization efficiency and CO2 mass transfer rate. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 15(4), pp. 471–475.

28. GUO, Z. et al. Control of CO2 input conditions during outdoor culture of Chlorella vulgaris in bubble column photobioreactors. Bioresource Technology, Vol. 186, pp. 238–245.

29. MAEDA, K. et al. 1995. CO2 fixation from the flue gas on coal-fired thermal power plant by microalgae. Energy Conversion and Management, 36(6-9), pp. 717–720.

30. SUNG, K. D. et al. 1999. CO2 fixation by Chlorella sp. KR-1 and its cultural characteristics. Bioresource Technology, Vol. 68, pp. 269–273.

31. RENDÓN, S. M. et al. 2013. Effect of Carbon Dioxide Concentration on the Growth Response of Chlorella vulgaris Under Four Different Led Illumination. International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries, Vol. 2, pp. 125–131.

32. CHIU, S.Y. et al. 2011. Microalgal biomass production and on-site bioremediation of carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide from flue gas using Chlorella sp. cultures. Bioresource technology, Vol. 102, pp. 9135–9142.

33. VAIČIULYTĖ, S. et al. 2014. Batch Growth of Chlorella Vulgaris CCALA 896 versus Semi-Continuous Regimen for Enhancing Oil-Rich Biomass Productivity. Energies, 7(6), 2014, pp. 3840–3857.

34. YEH, K. L., CHANG, J. S. 2012. Effects of cultivation conditions and media composition on cell growth and lipid productivity of indigenous microalga Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31. Bioresource technology, Vol. 105, pp. 120–127.

35. SOSTARIC, M. et al. 2009. Studies on the Growth of Chlorella vulgaris in Culture Media with Different Carbon Sources. Chemical Biochemical Engineering Quarterly, Vol. 23(4), pp. 471–477.

36. CROFCHECK, C. et al. 2013. Influence of media composition on the growth rate of Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus acutus utilized for CO2 mitigation. Journal of Biochemical Technology, 4(2), pp. 589–594.

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 4447 3649 199
PDF Downloads 2708 2314 93