Foreign Approaches to Determining the Categories of Teachers' Professionalization and Professionalism in the System of Continuing Advanced Training

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In this article we have tried to switch our attention towards the contemporary debates about the teaching profession that are more focused on a recognized reality that the profession is changing due to the development of modern society, with more complex tasks in the system of pedagogic education. Accordingly, we felt it necessary to respond to several issues raised by researchers in this problem field: what skills should teachers possess in a society that is constantly evolving and changing? What are teachers to “know” and “know how to do?” How should they be prepared to practice this profession? What types of theoretical, methodological, professional skills do teachers need to achieve? What are the most appropriate and effective primary training programs for teaching staff?

Answers to these questions can only be “the professionalization of teaching career” and, in particular, the development of “professiogram” of the profession. We thought it would be useful to analyze aspects such as professionalism and professionalization, their interrelation and significance. In addition, the professionalization is realized on the basis of standard educational function, which, in its turn, indicates the presence of general and specific skills and abilities needed to realize the teaching profession.

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